Club Atlético River Plate
|Full name||Club Atlético River Plate|
|Nickname(s)||Los Millonarios (The Millionaires)
La Banda (The Strip)
El Campeón del Siglo XX (The Champions of the 20th Century)
|Founded||25 May 1901|
|Ground||Estadio Monumental Antonio Vespucio Liberti,
Belgrano, Buenos Aires
|Website||Club home page|
Club Atlético River Plate is a professional Argentine sports club based in the Nuñez neighborhood of Buenos Aires. Although many sports are practised at the club, River is best known for its professional football team, which has won many of the most important tournaments in the world, including Copa Libertadores, and Intercontinental Cup.
River won the Primera División professional title a record 36 times. River's latest domestic title at the top division was the 2014 Final. Other domestic competitions won by River Plate were defuncts trophies Copa Dr. Carlos Ibarguren (four times) and Copa Adrián C. Escobar (once).
In addition, the club's international titles include two Copa Libertadores (both against the same rival, America de Cali of Colombia), one Intercontinental Cup, one Supercopa Sudamericana, one Copa Sudamericana, one Recopa Sudamericana, one Copa Interamericana and one U-20 Copa Libertadores, apart from seven tournaments organized by AFA and AUF together: six Copa Dr. Ricardo Aldao, and one Tie Cup. River's success in the 1990s led IFFHS to name it ninth in its All-Time Club World Ranking (and first in the Americas). In 2011, River became the most successful Argentine club to have been relegated to the second division.
In 2010, the International Federation of Football History and Statistics placed River Plate in the 9th. place in a ranking that included the best teams of the world during the 1990 and 2000 decades. River was the South American club with the best position in the table.
The club was officially founded in 1901 and took its name from the common English name for the Río de la Plata. River has a fierce rivalry with Boca Juniors. Matches between them are known as Superclásico, and the two teams' rivalry is amongst the most heated in the sport, due to their local and global popularity. River's home stadium is Estadio Monumental Antonio Vespucio Liberti, known simply as "El Monumental", which is the largest stadium in the country.
Apart from football, the club hosts a large variety of sports such as athletics, basque pelota, bowls, chess, basketball, cestoball, gymnastics, field hockey, karate, roller hockey, roller skating, swimming, taekwondo, tennis, volleyball and waterpolo.
- 1 History
- 2 Uniform
- 3 Rivalry
- 4 Club nicknames
- 5 Stadiums
- 6 Players
- 7 Notable managers
- 8 Honours
- 9 Other sports
- 10 Notes
- 11 References
- 12 External links
River Plate was founded on 25 May 1901, close to the La Boca neighborhood (later the home of fierce rivals Boca Juniors). The institution was formed since the merge of two clubs, "Santa Rosa" and "La Rosales", with elected Leopoldo Bard being elected as its first president. The name was chosen because of an incident during the construction of Buenos Aires Port: one of the members had seen how the workers of Dique 3 left their duties for a while to play a football match. The boxes they were working with just said "The River Plate" (the name the English gave to the Río de la Plata) and that 'enigmatic' inscription was taken to name the new club.
River Plate affiliated to Argentine Football Association in 1905, debuting in the third division against Facultad de Medicina. On 13 December 1908, the team promoted to first division after beating Racing Club 2–1. However, the match was declared null due to River supporters jumping onto the field to celebrate with the players, so a new match had to be played, River winning again (7–0) and achieving its promotion.
In 1914 River won its first domestic championship, the Copa de Competencia Jockey Club. and its first international title, the Tie Cup. The nickname Los Millonarios came after the acquisition of wing Carlos Peucelle in 1931 for $10,000 and Bernabé Ferreyra for $35,000 (huge amounts of money in those years) in 1932.
During the succeeding years, River Plate consolidated as one of the most popular teams of Argentina, with a great number of fans in Argentina.
(1) This jersey, worn as the home kit during the amateur era, has remained (with few exceptions) as the away kit since the professional era began.
(2) Worn only in four matches in club's history: 1969 (vs. Deportivo Morón), 1971 (vs. Gimnasia y Esgrima La Plata), 1975 (vs. Banfield) and 2008 (vs. Huracán).
(3) Host club Barcelona loaned River Plate its away jerseys to play the 1980 Joan Gamper Trophy match against PSV Eindhoven that wore white shirts.
(4) Worn just once in 1985.
(5) Worn in the 1999-00, 2002–03 and 2009–10 seasons, being the first time River wore a black jersey.
Sponsors and manufacturers
|Period||Kit Manufacturer||Shirt Sponsors|
|2009–10||Petrobras and Pokerstars.net|
|2010–12||Petrobras and Tramontina|
|2012–2013||BBVA and Tramontina|
|2013–||BBVA and Netshoes|
River Plate and Boca Juniors are the two largest football clubs in Argentina, with more than half the country's football fans supporting the clubs. Due to the rivalry between them, the Boca Juniors vs River Plate Superclásico local derby match was listed by the BBC as one of the most famous derbies in the world., and also as number one of the Fifty sporting things you must do before you die by The Observer newspaper.
The "River Plate" name was chosen in 1901, when the team was still located at the La Boca neighbourhood, next to the Río de la Plata ("River Plate" in some English sources). Proposed names as "Club Atlético Forward", "Juventud Boquense" or "La Rosales" had been rejected. Pedro Martínez saw the name "The River Plate" written at ship containers, and proposed it as a name, which was finally accepted as the official name.
River fans and the press are fond of the nickname Los Millonarios. This name derives from the 1930s after some expensive transfers of players from other clubs, including Carlos Peucelle from Sportivo Buenos Aires in 1931 and Bernabé Ferreyra from Tigre in 1932. Between 1979 and 1981, the River squad was reputed to be amongst the most expensive in the world.
When Hugo Santilli become chairman in 1984, he soon called to a competition where a new emblem would be chosen. The main objective of this new image was to eradicate the nickname Gallinas (Chicken) that River's rivals (Boca Juniors fans mainly) used to mock them. Some of the most important artists from Argentina took part in that competition so the club finally chose a logo designed by the famous artist Caloi. This emblem showed the figure of a lion (wearing a River jersey) raising from the Monumental stadium. The lion logo was immediately added to the uniforms (on the field and training clothes) having River Plate won the Copa Libertadores and Intercontinental Cup using the lion logo. In 1989, when Santilli left the club so the lion went with him and has not been reestablished since.
Due to the red band in their shirt, it is also common to refer to River as El Equipo de la Banda (the team with the band) or simply La Banda (which also means "the band" -both as in "gang" and "musical group"). Some famous River teams earned nicknames, notably La Máquina (the machine), the team that astonished Argentine football between 1941 and 1945.
In 1996 and 1997, during a run of title wins (three Argentine titles, one Copa Libertadores and one Supercopa), River were sometimes called La Maquinita ("The Little Machine") by the press. That team featured Francescoli and younger players such as Juan Pablo Sorín, Hernán Crespo, Ariel Ortega, Marcelo Salas and Marcelo Gallardo.
The Estadio Antonio Liberti (nicknamed El Monumental) placed in Belgrano neighborhood of Buenos Aires is River Plate's stadium. With a capacity of 65,645, it was inaugurated on 25 May 1938. The Argentina national football team usually plays its home games at the stadium.
Since its establishment in 1901, River Plate stadiums has been:
- Dársena Sur (1901–05, 1907–15): Placed on the corner of Wenceslao Villafañe and Caboto streets of La Boca. The club returned in 1907 from Sarandí.
- Sarandí (1906–07): The club moved to that district in Greater Buenos Aires, near to railway station.
- La Boca (1915–23): River built a stadium on the corner of Pinzón and Gaboto streets in La Boca.
- Alvear y Tagle (1923–37): in the Recoleta district of Buenos Aires. The lands where the stadium was built had been owned by Juan Manuel de Rosas.
- Antonio Liberti (Monumental) (1938–present): Built on the same lands where the Bajo Belgrano Horse racing track had existed years ago.
Manager: Marcelo Gallardo
Out on loan
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
|2||Oscar Más||FW||1964–73, 1974–77||198||382|
|4||José Manuel Moreno||FW||1935–44, 1946–48||180||320|
|5||Norberto Alonso||MF||1970–76, 1977-81||149||374|
|6||Enzo Francescoli||FW||1983–86, 1994–97||136||197|
|Fernando Cavenaghi||FW||2001–04, 2011–12, 2014–||101||182|
|4||Juan José López||MF||1970–81||466|
|6||Oscar Más||FW||1964–73, 1974–77||382|
|7||Norberto Alonso||MF||1970–76, 1977–81||374|
Bernabé Ferreyra was an implacable scorer: 187 goals in 185 matches.
Norberto Yácono made 393 appearances, playing 16 consecutive years.
Ángel Labruna, the all-time top scorer with 293 goals.
José Manuel Moreno is considered one of the best River's players ever.
Uruguayan striker Walter Gómez, a notable player of the 1950s.
Alfredo Di Stéfano played for River before his career in Spain.
Amadeo Carrizo, whose style revolutioned the goalkeeper position.
Ermindo Onega, maybe the most notable player in the 1960s.
Oscar Mas is the all-time 2nd. top scorer
Norberto Alonso, one of the greatest idols of all-time.
Enzo Francescoli won 7 titles during his 2 tenures on River Plate.
Hernán Crespo started his career at River Plate, where he won 4 titles.
The most successful all-time manager is Ramón Díaz, who won 9 championships during his three tenures on River Plate (1995–2000, 2001–02 and 2012–14). The list of honours include 6 Primera División titles (1996 Apertura, 1997 Clausura, 1997 Apertura, 1999 Apertura, 2002 Clausura, 2014 Final), 1 Superfinal (2013–14),[a] 1 Copa Libertadores (1996) and 1 Supercopa Sudamericana (1997).
Ángel Labruna had an outstanding career not only as player (he is club's all-time topscorer with 293 goals in 515 matches played) but as coach for the club, having won 6 Primera División championships (Metropolitano 1975, Nacional 1975, Metropolitano 1977, Nacional 1979, Metropolitano 1979, and Metropolitano 1980) before his sudden death in 1983.
Héctor Veira is the only manager (along with Ramón Díaz) to have won the Copa Libertadores with River Plate, in 1986. That same year the club won the Intercontinental played in Tokyo. Under his coaching the club also won the 1985–86 domestic championship totalizing 3 titles with River Plate.
- Primera División (36): 1920 AAm, 1932, 1936 (Copa Campeonato), 1936 (Copa de Oro)[b] 1937, 1941, 1942, 1945, 1947, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1975 Metropolitano, 1975 Nacional, 1977 Metropolitano, 1979 Metropolitano, 1979 Nacional, 1980 Metropolitano, 1981 Nacional, 1985–86, 1989–90, 1991 Apertura, 1993 Apertura, 1994 Apertura, 1996 Apertura, 1997 Apertura, 1997 Clausura, 1999 Apertura, 2000 Clausura, 2002 Clausura, 2003 Clausura, 2004 Clausura, 2008 Clausura, 2014 Final
- Primera B Nacional (1): 2011–12
- Primera B (1): 1908
- Copa Campeonato (1): 2014
- Copa de Competencia Jockey Club (1): 1914
- Copa de Competencia (LAF) [c] (1): 1932 
- Copa Dr. Carlos Ibarguren (4): 1937, 1941, 1942, 1952 [d]
- Copa Adrián C. Escobar (1): 1941
- Intercontinental Cup (1): 1986
- Copa Libertadores (2): 1986, 1996
- Supercopa Sudamericana (1): 1997
- Copa Sudamericana (1): 2014
- Recopa Sudamericana (1): 2015
- Copa Interamericana (1): 1987
The basketball team currently plays in the amateur Buenos Aires league. It played 10 seasons in the Liga Nacional de Básquetbol between 1985–1993 and 2004–06, reaching the finals in 1988 and obtaining 2nd place in 2004 and 2005 editions of Copa Argentina, but in July 2006 the club got expelled by the League because of a debt in player's salaries.
- The "Superfinal" is considered as a national cup by the Argentine Football Association.
- On 5 July 2013, The Argentine Football Association recognized the 1936 Copa de Oro won by River Plate as a Primera División honour. The information was also added to AFA's website. The Copa de Oro was a final played between the champions of previous competitions held that same year: River Plate (Copa Campeonato) and San Lorenzo (Copa de Honor Municipalidad de Buenos Aires). River won the final match by 4–2.
- Organized by dissident association Liga Argentina de Football
- Title shared ex aequo with Liga Cultural de Santiago del Estero.
- "El campeón del siglo" on La Nación, 29 December 1999
- Diario Uno
- Campeones de la Primera División (era amateur 1891–1934) at AFA website
- Campeones de la Primera División (era profesional: desde 1931) at AFA website
- "Torneo Argentino de Primera División – Títulos por Equipo", SobreFutbol.com
- "Todos los campeones del fútbol argentino" by Oscar Barnade, Clarín, 18 May 2014
- Argentina – Copa Dr. Ibarguren at RSSSF
- Domestic cups in Argentina (see point 6) at RSSSF
- Copa Ricardo Aldado at RSSSF
- Tie Cup overview at RSSSF
- "El Barcelona es el mejor equipo de las últimas dos décadas", Marca newspaper, 21 January 2010
- "Departamento Físico" on official website
- Argentina - Copa de Competencia "Jockey Club" - 1914
- "River Plate estrena camiseta violeta", Olé, May 2008
- "River amarillo 1980", En una Baldosa, 5 September 2006
- BBC Academy, famous football derbies
- 50 sporting things you must do before you die
- Historia- Decada 1900–1910 (Spanish)
- River Plate: La Banda Roja y el León (Spanish)
- "River, sus comienzos y sus estadios" by Gabriela Miño on La Nación, 7 Jul 2011
- "La AFA homologó la Superfinal de River como una Copa Nacional", Cancha Llena.com, 28 May 2014
- "Memoria y Balance 1936", p.33, AFA Library
- "La AFA les reconoció otro título a San Lorenzo y a River", Clarín, 6 July 2013
- "77 años después: San Lorenzo y River, campeones!", Crónica, 5 July 2013
- Argentina 1936 at RSSSF
- "Copas Nacionales" at AFA website
- http://www.rsssf.com/tablesa/arg-com32.html at RSSSF
- 1952 Copa Ibarguren at RSSSF
- Torneos on CONMEBOL website, retrieved 11 Dec 2014
- Guia de Clubes at AHBA website, 11 Oct 2014
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to River Plate.|
- Official website (Spanish)