Clubbing (subculture)

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Clubbing (also known as club culture, related to raving) is custom of visiting and gathering socially at nightclubs (discotheques, discos or just clubs). That includes socializing, listening to music, dancing, drinking alcohol and sometimes using recreational drugs. In most cases it is done to hear new music on larger systems that one would usually have in their domestic occasion or for socializing and meeting new people. Clubbing and raves have historically referred to grass-roots organized, anti-establishment and unlicensed all night dance parties, typically featuring electronically produced dance music, such as techno, house, trance and drum and bass.[1]

Music[edit]

The music which confirms as club music varies from wide range of electronic dance music (EDM), which is form of electronic music, such as house, techno, drum and bass, hip hop, electro, trance, funk, breakbeat, dubstep, disco... Music is usually performed by DJs who are playing tunes on Turntables, CD players, or laptops, using different additional techniques to express themselves such is beat juggling, scratching, beatmatching, needle drop, back spinning, phrasing and a lot of different tricks and gigs which usually depends of type of music they are playing. They can mix two or more tunes at the same time, but sometimes music is performed as a live act by musicians who literally play the sounds over basic matrix, sometimes combined with VJing performance.

History[edit]

Roots of clubbing are in disco wave in 1970s, but developing begun in 1980s with evolution of DJ-ing and raves. The subculture took shape in the late 1980s and early 1990s at underground rave parties in the U.S. and London (Reynolds 1998). Numerous social changes have, however, occurred since then to transform this subculture into a mainstream movement, youth-oriented lifestyle and global activity (see Bennett 2001, Reynolds 1998; Hill 2002)[2]

From the beginning, clubbing, while it was more rave subculture, has involved mostly younger people between 15 and 25 years of age. A subculture emerged around raves, featuring an ethos of peace, love, unity, and respect (the PLUR doctrine), rooted in community and empathy for others (Hill 2002; Hutson 2000; Reynolds 1998). Today, however, Tammy L. Anderson says, the rave scene has given way to a more nightclub-based electronic dance music (EDM) scene featuring an older (18– 35 years of age) crowd.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A “Rave” Review: Conceptual Interests and Analytical Shifts in Research on Rave Culture, Tammy L. Anderson and Philip R. Kavanaugh, University of Delaware, 2007, http://www.udel.edu/soc/tammya/EDM-Project/content/raveCulture/Publications/Sociological%20Compass%202007.doc
  2. ^ Electronic Dance Music and Youth Culture: Exploring Change and Consequence in London, England, Tammy L. Anderson, Ph.D., Principal Investigator and Associate Professor, Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice, University of Delaware, http://www.udel.edu/soc/tammya/EDM-Project/
  3. ^ Electronic Dance Music and Youth Culture: Exploring Change and Consequence in London, England, Tammy L. Anderson, Ph.D., Principal Investigator and Associate Professor, Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice, University of Delaware, http://www.udel.edu/soc/tammya/EDM-Project/