Clube de Regatas do Flamengo
|Full name||Clube de Regatas do Flamengo|
|Nickname(s)||Mengão (Big Mengo)
Rubro-Negro (The Scarlet-Black)
O mais querido do Brasil (The most beloved of Brazil)
|Founded||November 17, 1895|
|Stadium||Estádio do Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro|
|President||Eduardo Bandeira de Mello|
|Head coach||Jayme de Almeida Filho|
|League||Campeonato Brasileiro Série A|
|2013||Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, 11th|
|Website||Club home page|
Clube de Regatas do Flamengo (from Dutch vlamingen: Flemish people, English: Flamengo Regatta Club), commonly referred to as Flamengo (Portuguese pronunciation: [flɐˈmẽɡu]), is a Brazilian football club based in Rio de Janeiro. They play in the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, Brazil's national league, and is one of the only five clubs to have never been relegated to the second division, along with Santos, São Paulo, Internacional and Cruzeiro.
The club was established in 1885, although it did not play its first official game until 1912. Flamengo is one of the most successful clubs in Brazilian football, it has won 6 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A titles and 3 Copa do Brasil titles. Due to its low capacity, Flamengo's home stadium, Gávea, is rarely used and the club ops for the government-owned Maracanã, the biggest football stadium in Brazil, with a capacity of 78,838.
Its traditional playing colors are red and black hooped shirts with white shorts and red and black hooped socks. In 1981, Flamengo became the first Carioca team to win the Copa Libertadores de América, the most prestigious laurel in South American football, the team, subsequently known as the Geração de Ouro, defeated Cobreloa 2–0 in the Estadio Centenario in Montevideo to became champions of America. That same year, Flamengo became world champions after defeating Liverpool 3-0 in Tokyo.
Flamengo is the most popular team in Brazil, with over 39,1 million supporters as of 2010, and was voted by FIFA as one of the most successful football clubs of the 20th century. It is also one of Brazil's richest football clubs in terms of revenue, with an annual revenue of R$212.0 million ($105.6 million/€80.1 million) in 2012, and the second most valuable club in South America, worth over R$855.4 million ($424.4 million/€327.9 million) in 2013. The club has long-standing rivalries with near neighbors Fluminense, Botafogo and Vasco da Gama.
- 1 History
- 2 Kit manufacturer and shirt sponsors
- 3 Players
- 4 Football honors
- 5 Records
- 6 Personnel
- 7 Stadiums
- 8 Other sports
- 9 Supporters
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Foundation and first years (1895–1912)
Flamengo was founded on November 17, 1895 (although the club celebrates its founding every year on November 15, which is also a Brazilian national holiday) as a rowing club by José Agostinho Pereira da Cunha, Mário Spindola, Nestor de Barros, Augusto Lopes, José Félix da Cunha Meneses and Felisberto Laport.
The group used to gather at Café Lamas, in the Flamengo neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro, and decided to form a rowing team. Rowing was the elite sport in Rio de Janeiro in the late 19th century. The young men hoped that forming a rowing club, would make them popular, with the young ladies of the city's high society.
They could only afford a used boat named "Pherusa", which had to be completely rebuilt before it could be used in competition. The team debuted on October 6, 1895 when they sailed off the Caju Point, from the Maria Angu beach, heading off to Flamengo beach. However, strong winds turned over the boat and the rowers nearly drowned. They were rescued by a fishing boat named Leal ("Loyal"). Afterwards, as the Pherusa was undergoing repairs, the boat was stolen and never again found. The group then had to save up money to buy a new boat, the "Etoile", renamed "Scyra".
On the night of November 17, the group, gathered at Nestor de Barros's manor on Flamengo beach, founded the Flamengo Rowing Group ("Grupo de Regatas do Flamengo", in Portuguese) and elected its first board and president (Domingos Marques de Azevedo). The name was changed a few weeks later to "Clube de Regatas do Flamengo" ("Flamengo Rowing Club"). The founders also decided that the anniversary of the club foundation should be celebrated on November 15, so as to coincide with the Day of the Republic, a national holiday.
Flamengo only embraced football when a group of dissatisfied players from Fluminense Football Club broke away from the club following a dispute with the board. The players (Alberto Borghert, Othon de Figueiredo Baena, Píndaro de Carvalho Rodrigues, Emmanuel Augusto Nery, Ernesto Amarante, Armando de Almeida, Orlando Sampaio Matos, Gustavo Adolpho de Carvalho, Lawrence Andrews and Arnaldo Machado Guimarães) decided to join Flamengo because Borgeth, who was the team's captain, was also a rower for Flamengo. Admittance of the new members was approved on November 8, 1911. A motion against the club taking part in football tournaments was defeated, and the members assembly officially created the football team on December 24, 1911.
The new team used to train on Russel beach, and gradually gained the support of the locals, who closely watched their practice games. The first official match was played on May 3, 1912 and is, to this day, the most spectacular victory of the club, as the team defeated Mangueira 16 to 2. The first intracity rivalry, the Flamengo vs. Fluminense aka Fla-Flu was Fla-Flu (which would eventually become one of the most famous football derbies in the world) was also played in that year, on July 7, and was won by Fluminense, by 3–2.
Golden age (1978–1983)
In 1978 a scarlet-black golden age began when Flamengo won the Rio de Janeiro State Championship. The five following years would be years of glory. Stars such as Júnior, Carpegiani, Adílio, Cláudio Adão and Tita were led by Zico to become State Champions three times in a row. The level of sustained excellence pushed Flamengo towards its first Brazilian Championship in 1980. Then, as national champions, the club qualified to play the South American continental tournament – the Libertadores Cup.
1981 is a benchmark year in Flamengo's history. After beating Chilean Cobreloa in three matches, the club became South American Champions. The next goal was clear: the Intercontinental Cup, a single match to be played in Tokyo's Olympic Stadium, Japan, against European Champions' Cup winner Liverpool FC.
On December 13, 1981, Raul, Leandro, Marinho, Mozer, Júnior, Andrade, Adílio, Zico, Tita, Nunes and Lico took the field for the most important match in club history. Two goals by Nunes and another one by Adílio (all during first half) along with a brilliant performance by Zico were more than enough to crown Flamengo the first Brazilian World Champions club since Pelé's Santos, shutting out Liverpool 3–0.
The next two years would also be great. Another Rio's State Championship in 1981 and two Brazilian Championships – 1982 and 1983 – closed the Golden Age in a fantastic way.
2007 - present
On March 9, 2007, Flamengo earned a commemorative date in Rio de Janeiro state's official calendar. On that day, State Governor Sérgio Cabral Filho signed Law 4998, declaring November 17 (the day the club was founded) "Flamengo Day".
In the 2007 Brazilian Football Championship, Flamengo surprised all the other teams at the half of the season winning many games at home, leaving the relegation zone and reaching the second place and then being defeated the last match in Recife, Pernambuco by Náutico 1–0. After this match, Flamengo finished the League in third place, climbing from second worst to third best.
Flamengo started 2008 by winning the Rio de Janeiro State Championship over arch rival Botafogo. However a couple of days later, in the late rounds of Libertadores Cup, the team was eliminated at home by Club América from Mexico. In this very day, Joel Santana, a well appreciated coach by Flamengo fans, coached his last match before taking South Africa National Football Team. Experts say that the team was eliminated because the finals against Botafogo took a heavy toll on the players stamina and endurance for the matchup against América. The 0–3 score was the biggest headline in the soccer world in the following day as Flamengo had won easily 4–2 in Azteca Stadium. The elimination at Maracanã was labeled by the world press as a second "Maracanazo".
In 2009 season after finishing the 1st phase of the Brazilian League in 10th place, Flamengo won the Brazilian Série A with a terrific campaign in the 2nd phase, the championship was decided in the very last game with a 2–1 win against Grêmio at Estádio do Maracanã, with this victory the Flamengo became six-time Brazilian League Champion.
Kit manufacturer and shirt sponsors
|Period||Kit manufacturer||Main sponsor||Secondary sponsor||Minor sponsors|
|2011||Procter & Gamble||Tim
Brazil Foodservice Group (BFG)
|2013–||Adidas||Caixa Econômica Federal||Peugeot|
- Main sponsor – Front of the shirt and back of the shirt over the numbers.
- Secondary sponsor – Sleeves and back of the shirt under the numbers.
- Minor sponsors – Shoulders, shorts and inside the numbers.
First team squad
As of December 16, 2013[update]
Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Out on loan
For recent transfers, see List of Brazilian football transfers 2008.
12 – Club Supporters (the 12th Man) – Number dedicated to the rubro-negro fans (*).
(*) In spite of having its number "12" retired, Flamengo has to re-issue it for CONMEBOL competitions such as Copa Libertadores, where rosters must be numbered from 1 to 25 consecutively. 
- Winners (1): 2001
- Winners (1): 1961
- Runners-up (2): 1958, 1997
- Runners-up (1): 1964
- Winners (32): 1914, 1915, 1920, 1921, 1925, 1927, 1939, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1963, 1965, 1972, 1974, 1978, 1979 (C), 1979 (S)(2), 1981, 1986, 1991, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011
- Runners-up (30): 1912, 1919, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1932, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1940, 1941, 1952, 1958, 1961, 1962, 1966, 1969, 1973, 1977, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1992, 1994, 1995, 1998, 2010
- Winners (1): 1981
- Winners (1): 1996
- Winners (1): 1981
For details, see Clube de Regatas do Flamengo records and statistics.
|Head coach||Jayme de Almeida Filho|
|Goalkeeping coach||Wagner Miranda|
|Fitness coaches||Marcelo Martorelli|
|Medical staff manager||José Luiz Runco|
|Luiz Claudio Baldi|
|Massage Therapists||Adenir Silva|
|Director of football||Paulo Pelaipe|
|President||Eduardo Bandeira de Mello|
|Planning vice-president||Rodolfo Landim|
|Marketing vice-president||Luiz Eduardo Baptista|
|Football vice-president||Wallim Vasconcellos|
|Sports vice-president||Alexandre Póvoa|
|Managing and Social area vice-president||Cláudio Pracownik|
Last updated: July 14, 2011
Source: Flamengo's official website
Estádio da Gávea
Flamengo's home stadium is nominally the José Bastos Padilha Stadium (also known as Gávea Stadium), which was inaugurated on September 4, 1938 and has a capacity of 8,000 fans. Lately Gávea Stadium has been used only as the first team's training ground. Most games, however, are played in Maracanã Stadium, considered by the supporters as the real Flamengo's home ground.
Maracanã was vital in the incredible 2007 Brazilian Série A Flamengo comeback, winning almost all the matches played in the Stadium, helping the club rise from the relegation zone to finish in third place securing a place in the Copa Libertadores 2008. The Stadium held the 2007 Brazilian Série A attandence records, with 87,895 fans against Atlético Paranaense and average attendance of 44,719 fans per match, which was ahead of any of the teams in the Brazilian Série A.
In 2008, once again, Flamengo was the leader of Brazilian Série A average attendance with 43.731 fans per match. The club also had the biggest attendance of the season with 81.317 fans in the 0–3 loss to Atlético Mineiro on October 11, 2008.
Average attendances per season
|Year||Avg. Att.||Year||Avg. Att.||Year||Avg. Att.||Year||Avg. Att.||Year||Avg. Att.|
(*) Information not available.
- 1 In 2004 Flamengo played its home games at Estádio Raulino de Oliveira.
- 2 In 2005 Flamengo played its home games at Estádio Luso-Brasileiro.
- 3 In 2010 Flamengo played its home games at Estádio do Maracanã, Estádio Raulino de Oliveira and Estádio Olímpico João Havelange.
- 4 Includes Série A average attendances only.
Average attendances at Brazilian League
Regularly thousands of supporters show the strength of the scarlet-black nation, having the biggest number of highest average attendances per season between all the Brazilian clubs. Out of 38 editions of the Brasileirão, Flamengo held the average attendance record on 12 occasions. Atlético Mineiro are the closest followers, having the biggest average attendances nine times. From 1971 to 2006, Flamengo took an average 25.989 supporters per match to the Maracanã. It has to be noted that 2007 and 2008, both years in which Flamengo had an average of over 40.000 supporters per match (and thus both would raise the historical average number), were not counted yet.
Besides rowing, Clube de Regatas do Flamengo also plays an active role in several Olympic sports, such as: Artistic gymnastica, athletics, basketball (See 'Flamengo Basketball), judo, swimming, volleyball and water polo.
- Taça Sul-América (South-America Thophy) 1905
- Troféu Brasil (Brazil's National Championship) (10): 1978, 1980, 1982, 1983, 1985, 1989, 1991, 1995–97
- State Championship (42): 1916, 1917, 1920, 1933, 1940–43, 1963, 1965–69, 1971–81, 1983–97, 2003–04
- Carioca League: 1935–37
- Brazilian Championship (12): 1968, 1980–87, 1989, 1991, 2002
- José Finkel Trophy (12): 1977, 1980–87, 1990, 2001, 2002
- State Championship (31): 1928, 1930, 1938–40, 1968, 1973, 1976, 1979–98, 2002–04
- Brazilian Championship: 2003
- Troféu dos Campeões Brasileiros (Brazilian Champion's Trophy) 1952
- Copa Sudeste (Southeast Cup) 1993
- Inter-Regional Championship 1995
- State Championship (17): 1949, 1951, 1953, 1955, 1959–61, 1977, 1987–89, 1991–96, 2005
- State Championship (B Series): 1940, 1953
- Segundos Quadros do RJ (B Series) 1953, 1956, 1959–61
- Municipal Championship: 1992, 1993, 1996
- South American Championship: 1981
- National Championship (8): 1948–52, 1978, 1980, 2001
- Rio de Janeiro Tournament 1950
- State Championship (11): 1938, 1951, 1952, 1954, 1955, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1984, 1999, 2000
- Torneio Início (Inicio Tournament) 1961
- State Championship – B Series 1953
- Segundos Quadros do RJ (B Series) 1952, 1956–57, 1960
- Municipal Championship: 1996
- Artistic Gymnastics
- Armando Coelho de Freitas
- César Cielo Filho
- Eliana Motta
- Eliete Motta
- Fernando Carsalade
- Fernando Scherer (Olympics medalist, Bronze; 50m freestyle- Atlanta 1996; 4x100 meters relay -Sydney 2000)
- Inge de Bruijn
- Maria Lenk
- Patrícia Amorim
- Ricardo Prado – (400m Medley – World Champion, Ecuador 1982 ;Olympics medalist, Silver, Los Angeles 1984)
- Rômulo Arantes
- Rômulo Arantes Filho
- Volleyball (women)
- Isabel Salgado
- Guilherme Augusto Silva "Buck"
Usually, in Brazil, each team has their own torcidas organizadas (like Europeans Ultras). Flamengo, like any other Brazilian team has groups of organized supporters, most notably Torcida Jovem-Fla, Charanga Rubro-Negra,Urubuzada, Flamanguaça and Raça Rubro-Negra.
Flamengo is the most popular team in Brazil and one of the most popular teams in the world. Surveys show that there are over 33 million Flamengo supporters across Brazil. As such, Flamengo supporters are known as "Nação Rubro-Negra" (Scarlet-Black Nation), since there are more supporters of Flamengo than the population of many countries. Flamengo supporters are also known for their fanaticism. They hold several records in the Brazilian league like having the best average attendance (12 times, the second one is Atlético Mineiro with 9), or the match with the greatest numbers of attendants between two football clubs. Flamengo played against Santos in the Maracanã stadium watched by 155,523 supporters in the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A final of 1983, however some say that the official numbers are wrong and that there were more than 160,000 people in Maracanã.
Flamengo's match with the greatest number of attendants was Flamengo versus Fluminense in Carioca Championship of 1963, with 194,603 spectators. There are 13 times in which Flamengo has took more than 150,000 people in the stadium in official matches. Flamengo supporters were listed as heritage of the people by the Mayor Office of the city of Rio de Janeiro in 2007.
- The name "Flamengo" is a literal license in Dutch language of the Dutch substantive vlamingen (Flemish people in English language).
- "Campeonato Brasileiro Série A" (in Portuguese). Confederação Brasileira de Futebol. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- "Brazilian Championship Participations". RSSSF. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- "Pesquisa IBOPE" (in Portuguese).
- "Pesquisa Datafolha".
- "Na cabeça de Angelim, Flamengo encontrao alívio e conquista o hexa" (in Portuguese). Globo Esporte. December 6, 2009. Retrieved December 7, 2009.
- Flamengo's uniforms since 1980 (Portuguese)
- Flamengo/Olympikus Hotsite (Portuguese)
- Batavo é a nova patrocinadora do Flamengo (in Portuguese). Flamengo.com.br. January 26, 2010. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Patrocínio é aprovado, e uniforme do Fla já estampará nova marca na quarta-feira (in Portuguese). Globoesporte.com. January 26, 2010. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Conselho aprova Banco BMG como novo patrocinador do Flamengo (in Portuguese). Flamengo.com.br. February 12, 2010. Retrieved February 12, 2010.
- Executiva diz que Fla deve agradecer a Ronaldo por novo patrocínio (in Portuguese). Globoesporte.com.br. August 12, 2011. Retrieved August 12, 2011.
- "Lista de Jugadores Copa Libertadores 2012" (Flamengo roster included) - CONMEBOL"
- Includes results from the Taça Brasil and the Robertão.
- Hemzo, Miguel Angel (June 14, 2007). "Brazil Cup History". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). Retrieved April 22, 2010.
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- "Torneio Rio-São Paulo – List of Champions". RSSSF. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- "Rio de Janeiro State – List of Champions". RSSSF. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- "Copa Libertadores de América". RSSSF. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- "Supercopa Libertadores (Supercopa João Havelange)". RSSSF. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- "Copa Mercosur". RSSSF. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- "Copa de Oro 1996". RSSSF. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- "Intercontinental Club Cup". RSSSF. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- Estádio da Gávea (in Portuguese). Flapédia.
- Campeonato Brasileiro 2008 @Flapédia (Portuguese)
- Jogos do Flamengo em 2008 @Flapédia (Portuguese)
- Médias de Público do Flamengo no Maracanã ano a ano@Flapédia (Portuguese)
- Jogos do Flamengo em 2009 (Portuguese)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Clube de Regatas do Flamengo.|
|Look up Flamengo in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- Clube de Regatas do Flamengo Official Website (Portuguese)
- Flapédia – Flamengo official online encyclopedia (Portuguese)
- Heroes of a Nation – English
- Flamengo (Clube de Regatas do Flamengo) Futpédia (Portuguese)
- Top 10 Idols (Portuguese)
- Flamengo supporters site (Portuguese)
- Eu sou Flamengo, O maior portal do Flamengo na internet (Portuguese)
- Flamengo RJ (Portuguese)
- Flamengo on LANCEnet (Portuguese)
- Flamengo on Jornal dos Sports (Portuguese)
- Flamengo on footballzz.co.uk (English)
- Flamengo on ESPN.com.br (Portuguese)
- Flamengo on Globoesporte.com (Portuguese)
- Flamengo page on 2009 Copa Sudamericana@Conmebol.com (Spanish)
- Copa Libertadores page@Conmebol.com (English)