Hungarian Theatre of Cluj
The Hungarian Theatre of Cluj was founded in 1792 and was the first Hungarian theatre company in Transylvania, now a part of modern day Romania. The Hungarian Theatre of Cluj functions as a repertory theatre, entirely subsidized by the Romanian Ministry of Culture.
The defining periods of the theatre were shaped by directors of international fame who are considered key figures of Hungarian and European theatre, including Gyula E. Kovács, the initiator of the Shakespeare-series, Jenő Janovics, founder of the first Hungarian film studio, and György Harag, a great Maestro of the theatre in Romania.
In 1990 Gábor Tompa was appointed artistic director of the Hungarian Theatre of Cluj. Under his leadership, the theatre has continued Harag's tradition of innovation, based on a repertoire that includes classic masterpieces as well as contemporary plays. During the last 18 years the Hungarian Theatre of Cluj has aligof contemporary theatre and taken its place in the circuit of European theatres. This has been largely due to international co-productions and collaborations with world renowned professionals: directors such as Vlad Mugur, Silviu Purcărete, Andrei Șerban, Mihai Măniuţiu, Victor Ioan Frunză, David Zinder, Dragoş Galgoţiu, Patrick Le Mauff, Elie Malka and Robert Woodruff; set and costume designers such as Andrei Both, Doina Levintza, Lia Manţoc, and Helmut Stürmer; and composers such as Vasile Şirli and Iosif Herţea.
Productions of the Hungarian Theatre of Cluj have received significant national and international recognition. In 1993, Eugène Ionesco's The Bald Prima Donna, directed by Gábor Tompa, won the Best Foreign Performance of the Year Award when it toured England; it also went to Finland, France, the Republic of Moldova and Hungary. In 2007, Tompa's production of András Visky's Long Friday was presented at the 16th Festival of the Union of the Theatres of Europe in Turin. And in 2008, UNITER, the Union of Romanian Theatres, gave three awards to the Hungarian Theatre's production of Anton Chekhov's Uncle Vanya, directed by Andrei Şerban. András Hatházi received the Award for Best Actor for his performance in the title role, and Andrei Şerban the Award for Best Director of the Year, while the production as a whole won the award for Best Performance of the Year. This was the fifth time the Hungarian Theatre of Cluj had won the UNITER Award for Best Performance of the Year. Previously, Bus Stop in 1990, The Venetian Twins in 1998, The Cherry Orchard in 1999, and Woyzeck in 2005, were all distinguished by this honor.
In 2007, on the 215th anniversary of its existence, the Hungarian Theatre of Cluj successfully hosted the 1st INTERFERENCES International Theatre Festival, with 12 productions from 7 countries.
The following April, the theatre was accepted as a full member of the Union of the Theatres of Europe and in the fall of 2008 the Hungarian Theatre of Cluj, together with the Bulandra Theatre of Bucharest, organized the 17th Festival of the Union of the Theatres of Europe.
- Detailed technical description
- Gabor Tompa CV - at website of the Hungarian Theatre of Cluj
- David Zinder personal website
- Dragoş Galgoţiu bio at website of Odeon Theatre of Bucharest
- Andrei Both bio at University of California at San Diego website
- 17th Festival of the Union of the Theatres of Europe official website (English version available)
- Hungarian Theatre of Cluj official website
- Zoltán Ferenczi (1897). A kolozsvári színészet és színház története [History of Theatre in Kolozsvár] (in Hungarian). Kolozsvár: Ajtai K. Albert Magyar Polgár Könyvomdája.