Cluj County

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Cluj
County (Județ)
Păniceni wooden church
Păniceni wooden church
Coat of arms of Cluj
Coat of arms
Cluj county, territorial location
Cluj county, territorial location
Country  Romania
Development region Nord-Vest
Historical region Transylvania
County seat Cluj-Napoca
Government
 • Type County Council
 • President of the County Council Horea Uioreanu (USL (PNL))
 • Prefect2 Gheorghe Vușcan
Area
 • County (Județ) 6,674 km2 (2,577 sq mi)
Area rank 12th in Romania
Elevation 1,842–227 m (6,043–745 ft)
Population (2011 census[1])
 • County (Județ) 691,106
 • Rank 4th in Romania
 • Density 102/km2 (260/sq mi)
 • Urban 434,201 (66%)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 40wxyz3
Area code(s) +40 x644
Car Plates CJ5
GDP US$ 7.65 billion (2008)
GDP/capita US$ 11,177 (2008)
Website County Board
County Prefecture
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned to have any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Cluj (Romanian pronunciation: [kluʒ]); is a county (județ) of Romania, in Transylvania, with the capital city at Cluj-Napoca.

Name[edit]

In Hungarian, it is known as Kolozs megye, and in German as Kreis Klausenburg. During Austro-Hungarian administration, before 1918, there was a county with similar name (see: Kolozs County).

Demographics[edit]

In October 2011, it had a population of 691,106 and a population density of 102/km².[1]

Year County population[2][1]
1948 520,073
1956 Increase 580,344
1966 Increase 629,746
1977 Increase 715,507
1992 Increase 735,077
2002 Decrease 702,755
2011 Decrease 691,106

Geography[edit]

This county has a total area of 6,674 km². About 1/3 of this surface are mountains—the Apuseni Mountains, with heights up to 1800 m and located in the Southwest part of the county. The rest of the surface is the North side of the Transylvanian Plateau, a hilly region with deep and wide valleys.

The main rivers in the county are Someșul Mic, Arieș, and Crișul Repede.

Neighbours[edit]

Economy[edit]

Cluj County has one of the most dynamic economies in Romania. It is a region with one of the highest ratings of foreign investments. In addition, Cluj-Napoca is home to one of Romania's important IT and financial services centers.

The county's main industries are:

  • Mechanical components;
  • Wood processing;
  • Glass manufacturing;
  • Pharmaceutics and cosmetics;
  • Food stuffs processing;
  • Textiles.

Mining and natural gas extraction are also developed.

Tourism[edit]

The main tourist destinations in the county are:

Education[edit]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Cluj County has 5 municipalities, 1 town and 75 communes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002"

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°47′N 23°35′E / 46.78°N 23.59°E / 46.78; 23.59