Clutton, Cheshire

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Clutton
Clutton - High Cross Lane.jpg
High Cross Lane, Clutton
Clutton is located in Cheshire
Clutton
Clutton
 Clutton shown within Cheshire
Area  2.387 sq mi (6.18 km2)
Population 371 [1]
   – density  155/sq mi (60/km2)
OS grid reference SJ4642054344
Unitary authority Cheshire West and Chester
Shire county Cheshire
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CHESTER
Postcode district CH3
Dialling code 01829
EU Parliament North West England
List of places
UK
England
Cheshire

Coordinates: 53°05′06″N 2°48′00″W / 53.085°N 2.800°W / 53.085; -2.800

Clutton is a village in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. It lies nine miles from Wrexham and 11 miles from Chester. It had a population of 371 according to the 2011 census.[2] It has a Church of England primary school. In the 1870s, Clutton was described as "a township in Farndon parish, Cheshire; 5½ miles N of Malpas. Acres, 609. Real property, £947. Pop., 74. Houses, 12. Williamson, the antiquary, was a native."[3]

History[edit]

The meaning of the name "Clutton" comes from the Old English terms "clūd" and "tūn". "Clūd" meaning a rocky hill and "tūn" meaning farm, together gives Clutton a meaning of rocky-hill farm[4] Clutton is also where the surname of Clutton originated from.[5] Clutton was mentioned in the Domesday Book in 1086[6] but was recorded under the spelling of "Clutone". It was recorded to have to 4 households, 3 were villagers and 1 was a Frenchman. It was recorded to have 2 ploughlands.[7] William fitz Nigel was recorded as the landowner of Clutton in the Domesday book.[8] The land owners before William fitz Nigel was Edward of Grappenhall and Wulfwin Chit, recorded in 1066. The value of the land in Clutton in 1066 was £1, in 1086 this was £0.4. Approximately 1.1 km north east of Clutton is a spring named Holy Well, situated at the settlement Holywell. It is said that the spring arose after the body of Saint Winifred was laid there on the way to Shrewsbury Abbey. This spring today now provides the drinking water for two houses.[9]

Although the village itself does not have a church, the church that has traditionally served the village is St Chad's Church in Farndon, approximately 5 km to the west of Clutton. Although first recorded in the Doomsday Book in 1086, it is likely that there were buildings as far back as Celtic times.[10]

Clutton
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
63
 
7
3
 
 
40
 
9
2
 
 
37
 
11
3
 
 
48
 
12
4
 
 
49
 
17
7
 
 
60
 
17
10
 
 
48
 
21
12
 
 
48
 
19
12
 
 
50
 
18
9
 
 
71
 
14
7
 
 
57
 
11
4
 
 
63
 
8
2
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [1]

Geography[edit]

Clutton is situated 253 km north west of London and 13.5 km south of Chester. The nearest train stations can be found in Wrexham or Chester. The nearest airport is Liverpool John Lennon Airport, 33 miles away. The village is 60 metres above sea level.

Geology[edit]

Clutton sits on sandstone formed approximately 206 to 248 million years ago during the Triassic period. The bed rock also contains sand and gravel formed by river channels. During the Trassic period the sea level was higher than current levels and parts of Cheshire were submerged by seawater. This left salt deposits across Cheshire.[11] The geology was more recently by glacial deposition up to 2 million years ago. These glacial desposits were made up of sand and gravel.[12]

Climate[edit]

Clutton's location means that it has a temperate climate. Average temperatures range from an average maximum of 21°C to an average minimum of 2°C

Demographics[edit]

Clutton population time series 1881–2011

Population[edit]

Up until the 1950s, the population of Clutton remained under 100 people. In the past 50 years the population has grown to 371 according to the 2011 Census.[13] By looking at the population graph we can see that the population of Clutton has expanded the most in the past few decades which coincided with the counterurbanisation movement of the population in the UK. As there is no census data for these years it is not possible to see in what years the population changed the most.

Occupations of the population of Clutton in 1881

Occupation History[edit]

The main industry in Clutton was Agriculture [14] up until recent years. In the 2011 census the main occupation of Clutton is listed as Professional Occupations.[15] As parts of Cheshire were submerged by seawater during the triassic period, it is likely that the workers classified as "Workers in various mineral substances" were employed to work in salt mines.

References[edit]

  1. ^ United Kingdom 2011 Census
  2. ^ "Clutton (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help);
  3. ^ Wilson, John (1870–1872). Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales. Edinburgh: A. Fullarton and Co,. Retrieved 04/02/2013.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  4. ^ University of Nottingham. "Key to English Place-names". Retrieved 25 Feb 2013. 
  5. ^ "The Internet Surname Database". Retrieved 2013-02-25. 
  6. ^ "The Domesday Book Online". Retrieved 2013-02-25. 
  7. ^ "Clutton Domesday Book". Domesday Map. Retrieved 2013-03-03. 
  8. ^ "The Domesday Book Online". Retrieved 2012-03-03. 
  9. ^ "Our Lady's Tears: Saint Winifred". 22 May 2008. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  10. ^ St Chad's Church. "History". Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  11. ^ "Salt in Cheshire". Wikipedia. 4 March 2013. Retrieved 14 April 2013. 
  12. ^ British Geological Survey; Natural Environment Research Council. "Geology of Britain Viewer". Retrieved 25 March 2013. 
  13. ^ "Neighbourhood Statistics". Office for National Statistics. March 2011. Retrieved 25 March 2013. 
  14. ^ "A Vision of Britain through time - Historical Statistics - Industry". Retrieved 2013-02-25. 
  15. ^ "Neighbourhood Statistics". Office for National Statistics. 2011. Retrieved 25 Feb 2013. 

External links[edit]