|Written by||Bruce Norris|
|Date premiered||February 1, 2010|
|Place premiered||Playwrights Horizons
New York City
|Subject||Response to A Raisin in the Sun|
Clybourne Park (2010) is a play by Bruce Norris written in response to Lorraine Hansberry's play A Raisin in the Sun (1959); it portrays fictional events set before and after the Hansberry play and is loosely based on historical events based in the city of Chicago. It premiered in February 2010 at Playwrights Horizons in New York. The play received its UK premiere at the Royal Court Theatre in London in a production directed by Dominic Cooke. The play received its Chicago premiere at Steppenwolf Theatre Company in a production directed by Steppenwolf ensemble member Amy Morton. As described by the Washington Post, the play "applies a modern twist to the issues of race and housing and aspirations for a better life." The play was awarded the 2011 Pulitzer Prize for Drama and the 2012 Tony Award for Best Play.
Act I: 1959
Grieving parents Bev and Russ are planning to sell their home in the white middle-class Chicago neighborhood of Clybourne Park. They receive a visit from their local clergyman, as well as a neighbor and his deaf, pregnant wife; the neighbor informs them that the family buying the house is black, and pleads with the couple to back out of the deal, for fear that area property values will fall if black residents move in. It becomes apparent that the black family moving in are the Youngers, the protagonists of A Raisin in the Sun, and the neighbor, Karl, is Karl Lindner, the minor character from that play who attempts to bribe the Youngers into abandoning their plans to move into the neighborhood. As arguments ensue about the potential problems of integrating the neighborhood, both couples awkwardly call on Russ and Bev's black housekeeper and her husband to express their opposing views. Russ finally snaps and throws everyone out of the house, saying he no longer cares about his neighbors after their callousness and cruelty to his son Kenneth when he returned home from the Korean War. Kenneth later committed suicide on the upper floor of their home.
Act II: 2009
Set in the same home as Act I, the same actors reappear playing different characters. In the intervening fifty years, Clybourne Park has become an all-black neighborhood, which is now gentrifying. A white couple seeking to buy and replace the house are being forced to negotiate with local housing regulations with a black couple representing a neighborhood organization. The white couple's lawyer, the daughter of the neighbor and his deaf wife, mentions that her family moved out of the neighborhood around the time of her birth; the black wife is a relative of the family who bought the home from Bev and Russ. The discussion of housing codes soon degenerates into one of racial issues, revealing resentments from both parties. While this is happening, a workman finds an old trunk that Russ has buried in the back yard, with some of the things of their son, including his final letter.
In a short coda, we see Bev back in 1957, catching her son awake late at night (and probably was writing his suicide note), she says, naively, "I really believe things are about to change for the better."
Hansberry's parents bought a house in the white neighborhood of Washington Park, an action that resulted in a legal case (Hansberry v. Lee, 311 U.S. 32 (1940)). The Hansberry family home, a red brick three-floor at 6140 S. Rhodes, which they bought in 1937, is up for landmark status before the Chicago City Council's Committee on Historical Landmarks Preservation.
The play premiered Off-Broadway at Playwrights Horizons on February 21, 2010 and closed on March 21, 2010. Directed by Pam MacKinnon, the cast featured Frank Wood, Annie Parisse, Jeremy Shamos, Crystal A. Dickinson, Brendan Griffin, Damon Gupton, and Christina Kirk.
The play premiered in the UK in August 2010 at the Royal Court Theatre in London directed by Dominic Cooke, artistic director of the theatre, and starring Sophie Thompson, Martin Freeman, Lorna Brown, Sarah Goldberg, Michael Goldsmith, Lucian Msamati, Sam Spruell and Steffan Rhodri.
It transferred to Wyndham's Theatre in the West End with most of the original cast, with the exceptions of Martin Freeman, who was replaced by Stephen Campbell Moore; and Steffan Rhodri, who was replaced by Stuart McQuarrie.
The Caldwell Theatre Company's production (located in Boca Raton, Florida) of Clybourne Park went into previews on January 2, 2011, and opened on January 7. Clive Cholerton directed a cast that included Gregg Weiner, Karen Stephens, Brian D. Coats, Kenneth Kay, Patti Gardner, Cliff Burgess, and Margery Lowe.
In September of 2011 Clybourne Park had its Chicago premiere at Steppenwolf Theatre Company. It was directed by Steppenwolf ensemble member Amy Morton and featured ensemble member James Vincent Meredith. Other cast members included Karen Aldridge, Cliff Chamberlain, Stephanie Childers, Kirsten Fitzgerald, John Judd, and Brendan Marshall-Rashid. The production closed in November of 2011.
In October and November 2011, the play was in residence with the Trinity Repertory Company in Providence, Rhode Island. It was directed by Brian Mertes. The cast included Mauro Hantman, Rachael Warren, Mia Ellis, Anne Scurria, Timothy Crowe, Tommy Dickie, and Joe Wilson Jr.
The play then had an extended run at Arden Theatre Company in Old City, Philadelphia from January 26, 2012 to March 25, 2012. Directed by Ed Sobel, the cast included David Ingram, Julia Gibson, Erika Rose, Steve Pacek, Josh Tower, Ian Merrill Peakes, and Maggie Lakis. The Philadelphia Inqurier claimed, "A remarkably skillful cast directed by Edward Sobel creates characters that flirt with stereotypes, but become real and believable...This is a bitter satire that makes us laugh while it indicts us."
The play opened on Broadway at the Walter Kerr Theatre on April 19, 2012 (in previews starting March 26, 2012) for a 16-week limited engagement. The Off-Broadway cast reprised their roles. The play was nominated for several Tony Awards, and won the one for Best Play.
The Guthrie Theatre is staging a production in the summer of 2013.
Centerstage in Maryland  is staging rotating reportory of Clybourne Park and Beneatha's Place, the summer of 2013. These two plays were inspired by A Raisin in the Sun and characters from that play are seen in both Clybourne Park and Beneatha’s Place. While Beneatha's Place was written in response to Clybourne Park and A Raisin in the Sun, their story lines each present different stories and themes.
The Dallas Theater Center  is performing Clybourne Park in a rotating rep with A Raisin in the Sun October 2013. Seeing both plays provides a unique opportunity to compare and contrast ideas about race, equality and the American dream. You can even see both plays on special same-day performances October 5, 13, 19, 26 and 27.
Awards and nominations
- 2011 Laurence Olivier Award for Best New Play
- 2011 Pulitzer Prize for Drama
- 2012 Theatre World Award – Crystal A. Dickinson
- 2012 Tony Award for Best Play
- 2010 London Critics Circle for Best New Play
- 2010 Evening Standard Theatre Award for Best Play
- 2011 Chicago Jeff Award for Best Play (Large)
- 2011 South Bank Sky Arts Award for Best Play
- 2012 Tony Award for Best Direction of a Play
- 2012 Tony Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Featured Role in a Play – Jeremy Shamos
- 2012 Tony Award for Best Scenic Design of a Play – Daniel Ostling
- "Clybourne Park, With Wood, Parisse, Shamos and More, Begins NYC World Premiere". Playbill. Retrieved 2011-04-19.
- Thompson, Zac. “Clybourne Park gets its Chicago premiere,” Chicago Reader. 22 September 2011. Retrieved 3 September 2013.
- "Peter Marks's theater picks for the spring". Washington Post. 2010-01-29. Retrieved 2011-04-19.
- Brantley, Ben, "Good Defenses Make Good Neighbors," The New York Times, February 22, 2010
- Ihejirika, Maudlyne (5 February 2010). "'Raisin in the Sun' home for landmark?". The Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 12 May 2012.
- "The Cultural Exposé - A site for hip + arty urban adventurers". Tumblr. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
- "Clybourne Park in the West End". Retrieved 19 April 2011.
- Hetrick, Adam." 'Clybourne Park' Opens at Trinity Repertory Company Oct. 19" playbill.com, October 19, 2011
- Toby Zinman, "'Clybourne Park': Guilt and hypocrisy in a racially changing neighborhood," The Philadelphia Inquirer, February 3, 2012.
- Kenneth Jones (March 26, 2012). "'Clybourne Park', the Pulitzer Winner About Race and Real Estate, Makes Broadway Debut". Playbill. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
- Kenneth Jones (April 19, 2012). "'Clybourne Park', the Funny-Tragic Pulitzer Winner About Race and Real Estate, Opens on Broadway". Playbill. Retrieved 12 May 2012.
- Gans, Andrew (2012-06-10). "Broadway's Big Night! Neil Patrick Harris Hosts 66th Annual Tony Awards June 10". Playbill. Retrieved 2012-06-10.
- Ray Bennett (13 March 2011). "Olivier Awards 2011: 'Legally Blonde,' Stephen Sondheim Dominate". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 19 April 2011.
- "2011 Pulitzer Prizes for Letters, Drama and Music". The New York Times. 19 April 2011. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
- Kenneth Jones (25 Jan 2011). "Clybourne Park, Matilda and Suchet Honored in London's Critics' Circle Theatre Awards". Playbill. Retrieved 12 May 2012.
- Spencer, Charles (29 November 2010). "Evening Standard Theatre Awards: a year to be proud of". The Telegraph. Retrieved 12 May 2012.
- "South Bank Sky Arts Awards: The Winners". Sky Arts. Retrieved 12 May 2012.
- Official website in UK
- Steppenwolf Theatre Company production page
- Clybourne Park at the Internet Broadway Database
- Internet Off-Broadway Database Listing