Clyde R. Hoey

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Clyde Roark Hoey
Clyde Hoey.jpg
United States Senator
from North Carolina
In office
January 3, 1945 – May 12, 1954
Preceded by Robert R. Reynolds
Succeeded by Sam Ervin
59th Governor of North Carolina
In office
January 7, 1937 – January 9, 1941
Lieutenant Wilkins P. Horton
Preceded by John C.B. Ehringhaus
Succeeded by J. Melville Broughton
Personal details
Born (1877-12-11)December 11, 1877
Shelby, North Carolina
Died May 12, 1954(1954-05-12) (aged 76)
Washington, D.C.
Political party Democratic

Clyde Roark Hoey (December 11, 1877 in Shelby, North Carolina – May 12, 1954 in Washington, D.C.) was a Democratic politician from North Carolina. He served in both houses of the state legislature and served briefly in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1919 to 1921. He was North Carolina's governor from 1937 to 1941. He entered the U.S. Senate in 1945 and served there until his death.

Hoey (HOO-ee)[1] was born to S. A. Hoey and Mary Roark.[2] He attended school until age eleven. He worked on his family's farm and bought a weekly newspaper when he was 16. He was elected to the State Legislature when he was twenty. He served as a State Representative and then as a State Senator.[3] He was elected in a special election to the United States House of Representatives to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Edwin Y. Webb who had accepted a Federal judgeship. He defeated a Republican who opposed United States support for the League of Nations.[4] He served from 1919 to 1921.

He was the 59th Governor of the U.S. state of North Carolina from 1937 to 1941. In July 1937, he pardoned Luke Lea, a Tennessee politician and former U.S. Senator, who had been paroled a year earlier.[5] His appointment of a black man to the board of trustees of a black college set a precedent.[6] Following the 1938 Gaines Supreme Court decision on racial segregation in higher education, he asked the North Carolina legislature to provide for segregated higher education for blacks. Though opposed to integrated education, he said that the people of the state "do believe in equality of opportunity in their respective fields of service" and that "the white race cannot afford to do less than simple justice to the Negro."[7]

In 1940, he quietly opposed a third term for FDR.[8] When he believed that President Franklin D. Roosevelt would not seek a third term, Hoey rejected the favorite son role for which the state legislature had recommended him and supported the presidential candidacy of Secretary of State Cordell Hull.[9]

Hoey won election to the U.S. Senate in 1944.[10] He served from 1945 until his death in 1954.

Hoey's politics were those of a conservative Democratic. He opposed Harry S. Truman's attempt to make the Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC) permanent. He promised to filibuster the effort as an attack on "the rights of every businessman in America."[11] He supported the President's threats against striking railroad workers in December 1946.[12] In the 1948 election, he supported Truman over the radical alternative Strom Thurmond.[13]

He supported President Truman's refusal to allow Congress access to records of government employees' loyalty investigations.[3]

In 1950, Hoey opposed statehood for Hawaii because he thought it "inconceivable" to allow a territory with "only a small percentage of white people" to become a state. He advocated independence for Hawaii and cited U.S. treatment of Cuba and the Philippines as precedents.[14]

He 1949-1952 he headed the Investigations Subcommittee of the Committee on Expenditures in Executive Departments. He conducted hearings into the role of "five percenters," government influence peddlers. In 1950 he chaired an investigation that resulted in a report known as the Hoey Report released in December of that year that said all of the government's intelligence agencies "are in complete agreement that sex perverts in Government constitute security risks."[15] A later review by the U.S. Navy in 1957 criticized it: "No intelligence agency, as far as can be learned, adduced any factual data before that committee with which to support these opinions."[16]

Hoey married Bessie Gardner, sister of North Carolina Governor O. Max Gardner. They had three children. His wife died in 1942.[3]

Hoey died at his desk in his Washington, D.C., office.[3] Sam Ervin was appointed to his seat in June 1954.

Legacy[edit]

In 1974, journalist Jonathan Daniels assessed Hoey's politics "He was always satisfactory to conservative interests without being abrasive to New Dealers."[17] Hoey Auditorium on the campus of Western Carolina University is named after him, as is Hoey Hall, a dormitory at Appalachian State University.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ TIME: Hoey for Buncombe, 0040781X, 06/05/1944, Vol. 43, Issue 23
  2. ^ Prominent People of North Carolina: Brief Biographies of Leading People for Ready Reference Purposes. Asheville, NC: Evening News Pub. Co. 1906. p. 2. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Senator Hoey, 76, is Dead in Capital. Former Governor of North Carolina Succumbs at His Office. Took Post in 1945". New York Times. May 13, 1954. Retrieved 2011-05-10. 
  4. ^ New York Times: "North Carolina Elects Democrat to Congress," December 17, 1919, accessed May 2, 2011
  5. ^ TIME: Milestones, July 12, 1937, accessed May 7, 2011
  6. ^ Augustus M. Burns III, "Graduate Education for Blacks in North Carolina, 1930-1951," in The Journal of Southern History, vol. 46, no. 2 (May 1980), 209
  7. ^ Bill Weaver and Oscar C. Page, "The Black Press and the Drive for Integrated Graduate and Professional Schools," in Phylon, vol. 43, no. 1 (1982) 19n22
  8. ^ Grayson, 283
  9. ^ New York Times: " April 19, 1940, accessed May 2, 2011
  10. ^ New York Times: Hoey Tops Opponents by 100,000," May 29, 1944, accessed May 2, 2011
  11. ^ Grayson, 290
  12. ^ Grayson, 291
  13. ^ Grayson, 296
  14. ^ Ann K. Ziker, "Segregationists Confront American Empire: The Conservative White South and the Question of Hawaiian Statehood, 1947–1959," in Pacific Historical Review, vol. 76, no. 3 (August 2007), 462-3
  15. ^ David K. Johnson, The Lavender Scare: The Cold War Persecution of Gays and Lesbians in the Federal Government (University of Chicago Press, 2004), 101-2, 114-5
  16. ^ Jennifer Terry, An American Obsession: Science, Medicine, and Homosexuality in Modern Society (University of Chicago Press, 1999), 347
  17. ^ A. G. Grayson, "North Carolina and Harry Truman, 1944—1948," in Journal of American Studies, vol. 9, no. 3 (December 1975), 284
Political offices
Preceded by
John C.B. Ehringhaus
Governor of North Carolina
1937–1941
Succeeded by
J. Melville Broughton
United States Senate
Preceded by
Robert Rice Reynolds
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from North Carolina
1945–1954
Served alongside: Josiah W. Bailey, William B. Umstead,
Joseph M. Broughton, Frank P. Graham, Willis Smith,
Alton Asa Lennon
Succeeded by
Sam Ervin