Clypeus

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For the ancient Greco-Roman shield, see Clipeus.
Hypostomal bridge in insect diagram.svg

The clypeus is one of the sclerites that make up the "face" of an arthropod. In insects, the clypeus delimits the lower margin of the face, with the labrum articulated along the ventral margin of the clypeus. The mandibles bracket the labrum, but do not touch the clypeus. The dorsal margin of the clypeus is below the antennal sockets. The clypeus is often well-defined by sulci ("grooves") along its lateral and dorsal margins, and is most commonly rectangular or trapezoidal in overall shape.

The post-clypeus is a large nose-like structure that lies between the eyes and makes up much of the front of the head in cicadas.[1]

In spiders, the clypeus is generally defined as the area between the anterior edge of the carapace and the anterior eyes.[2] Many wasps such as Polistes fuscatus and Polistes exclamans have clypeus; Polistes fuscatus have clypeus blotches, whereas the Polistes exclamans has subquadrate clypeus.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Moulds, Maxwell Sydney (1990). Australian Cicadas. Kensington, New South Wales: New South Wales University Press. p. 10. ISBN 0-86840-139-0. 
  2. ^ Ubick, D.; P. Paquin, P.E. Cushing, and V. Roth (2005). Spiders of North America: An Identification Manual. American Arachnological Society. 
  3. ^ Tibbetts, Elizabeth A. "Visual Signals Of Individual Identity In The Wasp Polistes Fuscatus." Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences: 1423-428. Print.