Clytius

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Clytius (Greek: Κλυτίος, also spelled Klythios, Klytios, Clytios, and Klytius) is the name of multiple people in Greek mythology:

  1. A son of Laomedon, brother of Priam, and an elder of Troy.[1] By Laothoe,[2] he was the father of Caletor,[3] Procleia[4] and Pronoe or Pronome, of whom the latter was the mother of Polydamas by Panthous.[5]
  2. A young soldier in the army of Turnus who was loved by Cydon in Virgil's Aeneid, and was killed by Aeneas.[6]
  3. One one of the Giants, sons of Gaia, killed by Hecate during the Gigantomachy, the battle of the Giants versus the Olympian gods.[7][8]
  4. An attendant of Telemachus in Homer's Odyssey, the father of Telemachus' friend Peiraeus.[9] Dolops, a Greek warrior killed by Hector in the Iliad, could also have been his son.[10]
  5. One of the sons of Aeolus who followed Aeneas to Italy and was killed by Turnus.[11]
  6. Father of Acmon and Menestheus from Lyrnessus, Phrygia.[12]
  7. Father of Euneus (one of those killed in the battle between Aeneas and Turnus).[13]
  8. An Argonaut, son of Eurytus of Oechalia and Antiope, brother of Iphitos.[14] According to Hyginus, he was killed by Aeetes, if indeed the text is not corrupt;[15] according to Diodorus Siculus, however, he was killed by Heracles during the latter's war against Eurytus.[16]
  9. A son of Alcmaeon and Arsinoe/Alphesiboea. He moved from Psophis to Elis in order to escape his mother's vengeful brothers. The Clytidae, a clan of soothsayers, claimed descent from him.[17] According to Stephanus of Byzantium, his mother was Triphyle, the eponym of Triphylia.[18]
  10. An Athenian, father of Pheno who married Lamedon. Ianiscus, descendant of this Clytius, became king in Sicyon after Adrastus.[19]
  11. Each of the three namesakes among the suitors of Penelope: one from Dulichium, another from Same, and the third from Zacynthus.[20]
  12. A man killed by Perseus in the battle against Phineus.[21]
  13. A warrior in the army of Dionysus during the god's Indian campaign. He was killed by Corymbasus.[22]
  14. Son of Agriopas and grandson of Cyclops. He fought in the war between Eumolpus and Eleusis and fell alongside Eumolpus' son Immaradus and Egremus, son of Eurynomus.[23]
  15. In a rare version of the myth, a son of Phineus and brother of Polymedes: the two brothers killed Phineus' second, Phrygian, wife (Idaea?) at the instigation of Cleopatra.[24]
  16. An alternate name for Clytoneus, the son of Naubolus of Argos and father of Nauplius II.[25]

To these can be added several figures not mentioned in extant literary sources and only known from various vase paintings:[26][27]

  1. A companion of Peleus present at the wrestling match between Peleus and Atalanta
  2. An arms-bearer of Tydeus present at the scene of murder of Ismene, on a vase from Corinth
  3. A barbarian-looking participant of a boar hunt, possibly the Calydonian hunt, on the Petersburg vase #1790
  4. A man standing in front of the enthroned Hygieia, on a vase by the Meidias Painter
  5. An epithet of Apollo, in an inscription

References[edit]

  1. ^ Homer. Iliad, 3.148.; 20. 238
  2. ^ Tzetzes, Homerica, 437
  3. ^ Homer, Iliad, 15. 419
  4. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 10. 14. 2
  5. ^ Scholia on Iliad, 12. 211
  6. ^ Virgil. Aeneid, 10. 325.
  7. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 6. 2
  8. ^ Imrė Trenčeni-Valdapfelis (1972). „Mitologija“.
  9. ^ Homer. Odyssey, 16.327; 15. 540
  10. ^ Homer, Iliad, 11. 302
  11. ^ Virgil. Aeneid, 9, 744.
  12. ^ Virgil, Aeneid, 10. 129 with Servius' commentary
  13. ^ Virgil, Aeneid, 11. 666
  14. ^ Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 1. 86 (with scholia) & 1044; 2. 117 & 1043
  15. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae, 14
  16. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Library of History, 4. 37. 5
  17. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 6. 17. 6
  18. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium, s. v. Triphylia
  19. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 2. 6. 5 - 6
  20. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, Epitome of Book 4, 7. 26 ff
  21. ^ Ovid, Metamorphoses, 5. 140
  22. ^ Nonnus, Dionysiaca, 28. 66 & 92
  23. ^ Scholia on Iliad, 18. 483
  24. ^ Anthologia Palatina 3. 4
  25. ^ Scholia on Aeneid, 2. 82
  26. ^ Roscher, s. 1248
  27. ^ Realencyclopädie, s. 896 with further references therein

Sources[edit]