Cnemaspis

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Cnemaspis
Cnemaspis unid.jpg
Unidentified Cnemaspis gecko from the Western Ghats. Note the round pupil.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Gekkota
Family: Gekkonidae
Subfamily: Gekkoninae
Genus: Cnemaspis
Strauch, 1887[1]

Cnemaspis is a genus of diurnal geckos found in Asia. With around 75 species, it is one of the most diverse genera of geckos or even lizards.

Description[edit]

Species in this genus have slender, clawed digits which are cylindrical or depressed at the base (rarely dilated); the distal phalanges are compressed, forming an angle with the basal portion of the digits, the lower surface of which has a row of plates. Their bodies are more or less depressed, granular or tubercular above. Tail not compressed. Pupil circular; eyelid distinct all round the eye. Males with or without pre-anal or femoral pores.[2]

Species[edit]

  • C. barbouri
  • C. baueri Das & Grismer, 2003., Pulau Aur rock gecko[3]
  • C. dickersoni, Dickerson's gecko
  • C. dilepis, two-scaled gecko
  • C. dringi
  • C. flavolineata, yellow-striped rock gecko
  • C. girii
  • C. gordongekkoi
  • C. kendallii, Kendall's gecko
  • C. koehleri, Koehler's gecko
  • C. kumarasinghei
  • C. modiglianii
  • C. molligodai
  • C. neangthyi
  • C. occidentalis, western gecko
  • C. quattuorseriata, Sternfeld's gecko
  • C. retigalensis
  • C. samanalensis
  • C. scalpensis, Jerdon’s day gecko

The Africa group

  • C. africana, African gecko, Tanzania
  • C. alantika, Mt. Alantika day gecko, Cameroon
  • C. gigas, Perret's Nigeria gecko
  • C. petrodroma , Nigeria crag gecko
  • C. spinicollis Müller, 1907, Cameroon collared gecko
  • C. uzungwae, Tanzania gecko

The Indian Subcontinent and Sri Lanka group

The Sundaland group

  • C. affinis, Stoliczka's gecko
  • C. argus Dring, 1979,[8] Dring's gecko
  • C. aurantiacopes Grismer & Ngo, 2007[9]
  • C. baueri Das & Grismer 2003, Johor, West Malaysia
  • C. bayuensis Grismer, Grismer, Wood & Chan 2008
  • C. biocellata Grismer, Chan, Nurolhuda & Sumontha 2008,[10] Malaysia, southern Thailand
  • C. boulengeri Strauch 1887, Vietnam
  • C. chanardi Grismer, Sumontha, Cota, Grismer, Wood, Pauwels & Kunya, 2010[11]
  • C. chanthaburiensis Bauer & Das 1998, Chanthaburi rock gecko - Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary, Chanthaburi Province, Khao Khiew Wildlife Sanctuary, Chon Buri Province, Thailand; Cardamom Mountains, Cambodia
  • C. caudanivea Grismer & Ngo, 2007[12]
  • C. dringi Das & Bauer 1998, Sarawak, East Malaysia, Borneo
  • C. dezwaani Das 2005[13]
  • C. flavigaster Chan & Grismer 2008, Selangor, Peninsular Malaysia
  • C. flavolineata (Nicholls, 1949)
  • C. huaseesom Grismer, Sumontha, Cota, Grismer, Wood, Pauwels & Kunya, 2010[11]
  • C. jacobsoni Das 2005[13]
  • C. kamolnorranathi Grismer, Sumontha, Cota, Grismer, Wood, Pauwels & Kunya, 2010[11]
  • C. karsticola Grismer, Grismer, Wood & Chan 2008
  • C. kendallii (Gray, 1845), Malaysia, Borneo, Pahang, West Malaysia; Riao Archipelago, Indonesia; Bukit Timah, Singapore
  • C. kumpoli Taylor 1963, Thailand, Malaysia peninsular
  • C. limi Das & Grismer 2003, Pahang, West Malaysia
  • C. mcguirei Grismer, Grismer, Wood & Chan 2008, McGuire's rock gecko, Bukit Larut, Perak, Malaysia
  • C. modiglianii Das 2005[13]
  • C. narathiwatenisis Grismer, Sumontha, Cota, Grismer, Wood, Pauwels & Kunya, 2010[11]
  • C. nigridia (Smith, 1925), Borneo black gecko, Sarawak, East Malaysia Borneo
  • C. niyomwanae Grismer, Sumontha, Cota, Grismer, Wood, Pauwels & Kunya, 2010[11]
  • C. nuicamensis Grismer & Ngo, 2007[12]
  • C. pemanggilensis Grismer & Das 2006, Johor, West Malaysia
  • C. phuketensis Das & Leon 2004,[14] Phuket day gecko
  • C. punctatonuchalis Grismer, Sumontha, Cota, Grismer, Wood, Pauwels & Kunya, 2010[11]
  • C. roticanai Grismer & Onn, 2010[15]
  • C. siamensis (Smith, 1925), Siamese gecko, peninsular Thailand
  • C. tucdupensis Grismer & Ngo, 2007[12]
  • C. timoriensis Duméril & Bibron 1836,[16] Timor Gecko
  • C. vandeventeri Grismer, Sumontha, Cota, Grismer, Wood, Pauwels & Kunya, 2010[11]
  • C. whittenorum Das 2005[13]
A Cnemaspis gecko from the Western Ghats
Another unidentified Cnemaspis gecko from the Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala

References[edit]

  1. ^ ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information System). www.itis.gov.
  2. ^ Boulenger, G. A. (1890) Fauna of British India. Reptilia and Batrachia (referring to Gonatodes)
  3. ^ Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M. 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Cnemaspis baueri, p. 19).
  4. ^ Wickramasinghe, Mendis & Munindradasa, 2007. Review of the genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Sauria: Gekkonidae) in Sri Lanka with the description of five new species. Zootaxa 1490: 1-63
  5. ^ Mukherjee, D., S Bhupathy, A. M. A. Nixon (2005) A new species of day gecko (Squamata, Gekkonidae, Cnemaspis) from the Anaikatti Hills, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India Current Science. 89(8).[1]
  6. ^ Indraneil Das (2005) Revision of the Genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Sauria: Gekkonidae), from the Mentawai and Adjacent Archipelagos off Western Sumatra, Indonesia, with the Description of Four New Species. Journal of Herpetology 39(2):233–247 [2]
  7. ^ Giri, Varad B.; Aaron M. Bauer & Kshamata S. Gaikwad (21 July 2009). "A new ground-dwelling species of Cnemaspis Strauch (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the northern Western Ghats, Maharashtra, India" (PDF). Zootaxa (Magnolia Press) 2164: 49–60. ISSN 1175-5334. Retrieved 2009-07-27. 
  8. ^ Dring, 1979. Amphibians and reptiles from northern Trengganu, Malaysia, with descriptions of two new geckos: Cnemaspis and Cyrtodactylus. Bulletin of The British Museum (Natural History) Zoology 34 (5): 181-241
  9. ^ Grismer, L. L. and Ngo, V. T. (2007). Four new species of the gekkonid genus Cnemaspis Strauch 1887 (Reptilia: Squamata) from Southern Vietnam. Herpetologica 63 (4): 482-500. [3]
  10. ^ Grismer, L.L., Onn, C.K., Nasir, N. and Sumontha, M. 2008. A new species of karst-dwelling gecko (genus Cnemaspis Strauch 1887) from the border region of Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa, 1875: 51-68. [4]
  11. ^ a b c d e f g Grismer, L.L., Sumontha, M., Cota, M., Grismer, J.L., Wood Jr., P.L., Pauwels, O.S.G. & Kunya, K. 2010. A revision and redescription of the rock gecko Cnemaspis siamensis (Taylor 1925)(Squamata:Gekkonidae) from Peninsular Thailand with a description of seven new species. Zootaxa 2576: 1-55
  12. ^ a b c Grismer, L. L. and Ngo, V. T. (2007). Four new species of the gekkonid genus Cnemaspis Strauch 1887 (Reptilia: Squamata) from Southern Vietnam. Herpetologica 63 (4): 482-500. [5]
  13. ^ a b c d Das, I. (2005) Revision of the Genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Sauria: Gekkonidae), from the Mentawai and Adjacent Archipelagos off Western Sumatra, Indonesia, with the Description of Four New Species. Journal of Herpetology 39(2):233–247 [6]
  14. ^ Das and Leon (2004). A new species of Cnemaspis(Sauria: Gekkonidae) from Southern Thailand. Current Herpetology. 23 (2):63-71.
  15. ^ Grismer, L. L. and Onn, C. K. (2010). Another new Rock Gecko (genus Cnemaspis Strauch 1887) from Pulau Langkawi, Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa 2419: 51-62. [7]
  16. ^ Duméril and Bibron (1836). Erpetologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol.3. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 528 pp.