Color co-site sampling

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Chip, taken with a standard one-chip camera (left) and taken with a color co-site sampling camera.

Color co-site sampling is a system of photographic color sensing, wherein 4, 16 or 36 images are collected from the sensor and merged to form a single image. Each subsequent image physically moves the sensor by exactly one pixel, in order to collect R, G and B data for each pixel, known as microscanning. This is a viable alternative to the typical Bayer filter array of pixels which returns a lower quality images with interpolated pixel colors.

Operation[edit]

Several images are captured and combined to a sharp resulting image. After the acquisition of each image a piezo mechanism moves the sensor by precisely the distance of one pixel and delivers the complete color information for each detail and with the same sharpness in all three color channels.

Microscanning is essential for the method. 4 (2x2), 16 (4x4) or 36 (6x6) shots can be used for improved color reproduction.

  • Advantages
    • Higher resolution possible in comparison with the basic CCD pixel count
    • No color interpolation required
    • Better sensitivity than a three-chip camera
    • Live color image possible at the basic CCD sensor's resolution
    • Only one color sensor required
  • Disadvantages
    • Stable imaging conditions required due to microscanning
    • Longer acquisition times because of multiple exposures
During the acquisition, the sensor is moved by the distance of one pixel. Thus every pixel is scanned at least once in all three colors.


Comparison to Bayer filter[edit]

The color CCD is moved to 2x2 positions, sampling the color information of the corresponding pixel at each location of the sensor.

With standard digital cameras, color images are acquired with only one sensor (see CCD and CMOS sensor). Each pixel of the sensor is sensitive to just one of the three basic colors. For each single pixel on the CCD only one third of the required information is provided and two thirds are missing, as at least three monochrome pixels would be necessary for one color pixel. As only one image is acquired, the missing color information is determined by the interpolation. In current cameras sophisticated interpolation algorithms are used to reconstruct the color information(see filter mosaics, interpolation, and aliasing), so the reduction in the "color" resolution can turn out to be better than the expected one third. Because of the interpolation, however, unwanted side-effect artifacts, such as color Moire patterns or false colored edges, can occur.

  • Advantages
    • R, G, B in one exposure
    • Color live image and dynamic scenes possible
  • Disadvantages
    • Color interpolation
    • Reduced spatial resolution
    • Susceptible to color errors

References[edit]

  • European patent EP0396687 (1989-10-26), Reimar Lenz, Optoelectronic image sensor Family patent of that EP687 patrent is also published as US5877807[1].

External links[edit]