Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival
||This article has an unclear citation style. (September 2012)|
|Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival|
The sun sets over the main stage at Coachella 2011
|Genre||Rock, indie, hip hop, electronic dance music|
|Dates||Second and third weekends in April (October in 1999)|
|Location(s)||Empire Polo Club (Indio, California)|
|Years active||1999, 2001–present|
|Founded by||Paul Tollett|
The Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival (commonly referred to as Coachella or the Coachella Fest) is an annual two-weekend, three-day music and arts festival held at the Empire Polo Club in Indio, California, located in the Inland Empire's Coachella Valley in the Colorado Desert. It was founded by Paul Tollett in 1999 and is organized by Goldenvoice, a subsidiary of AEG Live. The event features many genres of music, including rock, indie, hip hop, and electronic dance music, as well as art installations and sculptures. Across the grounds, several stages continuously host live music. The main stages are: Coachella Stage, Outdoor Theatre, Gobi Tent, Mojave Tent, and the Sahara Tent; a smaller Oasis Dome was used in 2006 and 2011, while a new Yuma stage was introduced in 2013.
The festival's origins trace back to a 1993 concert that Pearl Jam performed at the Empire Polo Club while boycotting venues controlled by Ticketmaster. The show validated the site's viability for hosting large events, leading to the inaugural Coachella Festival being held in October 1999 over two days. After no event was held in 2000, the festival returned on an annual basis beginning in April 2001 as a single-day event. In 2002, the festival reverted to a two-day format. Coachella was expanded to a third day in 2007 and eventually a second weekend in 2012. Organizers began permitting spectators to camp on the grounds in 2003, one of several expansions and additions of amenities that have been made in the festival's history.
Coachella showcases popular and established musical artists, as well as emerging artists and reunited groups. Notable appearances in the past include: Amy Winehouse, Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg, Prince, Paul McCartney, Arcade Fire, Wu-Tang Clan, The Killers, Radiohead, Daft Punk, Madonna, The Cure, Kanye West, Eminem, Gorillaz, The Black Keys, Rage Against the Machine, Beck, Nine Inch Nails, The Strokes, The White Stripes, Jay-Z, Beastie Boys, Muse, Red Hot Chili Peppers, and Foo Fighters. Coachella is one of the largest, most famous, and most profitable music festivals in the United States. In 2014, the festival tallied an attendance of 579,000 and grossed a record-breaking $78.3 million.
- 1 History
- 2 Installation art
- 3 Features and surroundings
- 4 Legacy
- 5 Related events
- 6 References
- 7 Further reading
- 8 External links
On November 5, 1993, Pearl Jam performed before almost 25,000 fans at the Empire Polo Club, which had previously never hosted a music festival. Although the band's management chose this fledgling site as part of a boycott of Ticketmaster and the southern California auditoriums it controlled, the event established its suitability for large-scale events. Because of its remote location and hot, dry climate, several years elapsed before the next large event.
Inaugural event: 1999
Six years later, on October 9 and 10, 1999, three months after the Woodstock '99 festival, the first Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival was held. Due to the fires and riots at Woodstock 99, Coachella promoters were not allowed to offer on-site camping, a ban that continued until 2002. The organizers strived for the recreation of the European music festivals with small crowds in a great setting with plenty of turntables. By booking acts based on artistry rather than radio popularity, Coachella earned the title of “the anti-Woodstock”.
About 17,000 tickets sold for the first day, and 20,000 for the second. Supporting headlining acts Beck, The Chemical Brothers, Tool, Morrissey and Rage Against the Machine. Other acts included Jurassic 5, DJ Mike Hawk, and Underworld. Originally, promoters had hoped to make the event three days (Friday-Sunday) and even considered the UK band Massive Attack as the third day headliner. The event went smoothly, with the triple-digit temperatures and decisions of which of the more than eighty acts on two outdoor stages in three tents to attend were the biggest challenges for concertgoers. Goldenvoice lost more than $750,000 on the undertaking, with prominent bands like Rage Against the Machine, Tool and Beck agreeing to delayed compensation, and leading to the sale of the company to AEG.
Full lineup for 1999 included the following artists:
- Day 1: Beck, The Chemical Brothers, Morrissey, Perry Farrell, Cornelius, Bis, Underworld, Art of Noise, Breakbeat Era, Roni Size, Die & Dynamite MC, Plastikman, Richie Hawtin, Juan Atkins, Kevin Saunderson, Derrick May, Spiritualized, Medeski Martin & Wood, Modest Mouse, Super Furry Animals, IQU, At the Drive-In, Los Amigos Invisibles, The Bicycle Thief, A Perfect Circle, Amon Tobin, Kid Koala, Jurassic 5, Mr. Scruff, Nightmares on Wax, DJ Food, u-Ziq, Tomas, DJ Rap, The Wiseguys, Bassbin Twins, Sandra Collins, Christopher Lawrence, and Simply Jeff.
- Day 2: Rage Against the Machine, Tool, Ben Harper and the Innocent Criminals, Pavement, Cibo Matto, Money Mark, Moby, Gus Gus, Thievery Corporation, Lamb, Esthero, Fantastic Plastic Machine, BT, Banco de Gala, The Angel aka 60 Channels, DJ Shadow, Carl Craig Innerzone Orchestra, Spearhead, Gil Scott Heron, Raluzel, Ugly Duckling, Kool Keith, LTJ Bukem, Blame & MC Conrad, Slipmaster J & MC Conrad, Mixmaster Mike, Q-Bert, A-Trak, 4 Hero, DJ Cam, Scratch Perverts UK, Raymond Roker, Jun & MC Question Mark, Neotropic, Luke Vibert, Autoclire, Bola, Jega, Andy Maddocks, Rob Hall, Mira Callix, and Push Button Objects.
In 2001, festival organizers moved the festival to the month of April (to avoid the intense heat of the late summer), and scheduled a single day, likely due to a tighter budget. Organizers encountered difficulty booking acts for the festival. Months before the event, promoters did not have a headline act and the festival risked failure. Promoters turned to Perry Farrell, who brought the reunited Jane's Addiction to the project.
Acts included: Jane's Addiction, Paul Oakenfold, Weezer, Fatboy Slim, Chemical Brothers, The Orb, The Roots, Roni Size Reprazent, Gangstarr, Ozomatli, Mos Def, Kruder & Dorfmeister, Iggy Pop, Tricky, St. Germain, Richard D. James AKA Aphex Twin, Christopher Lawrence, Dandy Warhols, Sigur Ros, Photek, Doc Martin, Uberzone, Blonde Redhead, Jason Bentley, Ian Pooley, Adam Freeland, Pedro the Lion, Del Tha Funky Homosapien, Souls of MIschief, Bad Company, Raymond Roker, Jason Blakemore, Z-Trip, MC Supernatural, Medusa, Aceyalone, Smith & Mighty, Andrea Parker, Nikka Costa, The New Deal, Rinse & Flux, Detroit Grand Pu Bahs, Planet of the Drums, AK1200, DJ Dara, Dieselboy and The Nortec Collective.
In 2002 the event returned to a two-day format, featuring the reunited Siouxsie and the Banshees, as well as headlining acts Björk and Oasis. The strong supporting acts helped prove to the Indio community that the event could bring in money and take place without conflict.
2002's full lineup included the following acts:
- Day 1: Björk, The Chemical Brothers, Siouxsie & the Banshees, Sasha & Digweed, Groove Armada, Cake, Jack Johnson, Pete Yorn, Jurassic 5, The Beta Band, The Charlatans UK, Queens of the Stone Age, G Love & Special Sauce, KRS-One, Cornershop, Folk Implosion, Z-Trip, Jimmy Van M., Lee Burridge, Miguel Migs, The (International) Noise Conspiracy, The Vines, Dan the Automator, Pharcyde, Citizen Cope, Forest for the Trees, Kosheen, Princess Superstar, Saul Williams, DJ Baba G, Soundz of the Asian Underground.
- Day 2: Oasis, Prodigy, Foo Fighters, the Strokes, Paul Oakenfold, Tiesto, Belle & Sebastian, Dilated Peoples, Mos Def Black Jack Johnson, BT, Ozomatli, Saves the Day, Galactic, Peretz, Sandra Collins, Pete Tong, DJ Dan, Cut Chemist, Mixmaster Mike, Bad Boy Bill, Blonde Redhead, The Mars Volta, Zero 7, Herbert, Sound Tribe Sector 9, Elbow, Triple Threat, Fairview, Ping Pong Bitches, Rock Steady Crew.
The 2003 festival featured Red Hot Chili Peppers and Beastie Boys, as well as the reunited Iggy Pop and The Stooges, and drew the largest crowd yet. The event began to develop worldwide interest and began to become nationally known.
2003's full lineup included the following acts:
- Day 1: Beastie Boys, Ben Harper, Queens of the Stone Age, Blur, Groove Armada, Blue Man Group, The Hives, The Donnas, N.E.R.D, Ladytron, Felix Da Housecat, Masters At Work, Kinky, Roger Sanchez, Darren Emerson, Spearhead, Talib Kweli, Peanut Butter Wolf/Jaylib, Wildchild, Badly Drawn Boy, The Libertines, The Rapture, Gomez, The Music, Christopher Lawrence, Hot Hot Heat, Dilinja, Lemon D, Amon Tobin, Ben Kweller, Idlewild, Joseph Arthur, Particle, Black Eyed Peas, Division of Laura Lee, South, Stereo Total, The Mooney Suzuki, Tha Liks, Hernán Cattáneo, D-Fuse, Spymob, Ima Robot, C-Minus.
- Day 2: Red Hot Chili Peppers, The White Stripes, Iggy & the Stooges, Underworld, Jack Johnson, Sonic Youth, Primal Scream, Blue Man Group, Thievery Corporation, Interpol, The Mars Volta, Richie Hawtin, Timo Maas, Deep Dish, Dirty Vegas, Café Tacuba, Tortoise, Fischerspooner, Johnny Marr, G. Love, Ben Folds, Rooney, The Soundtrack of Our Lives, The Polyphonic Spree, Mouse on Mars, EI-P/Aesop Rock/Rjd2/Mr Lif/Murs, The Von Bondies, Whirlwind Heat, The Kinison, DJ Irene, 22-20s, DB, S.T.U.N., FC Kahuna, Eisley.
The 2004 event featured the reunited Pixies, as well as Radiohead, Kraftwerk, The Cure, Belle and Sebastian, and The Flaming Lips. It was Coachella's first sellout, moving 50,000 tickets for both Saturday and Sunday.
2004's full lineup includes the following acts:
- Day 1: Radiohead, Pixies, Kraftwerk, Wilco, The (International) Noise Conspiracy, Sparta, Desert Sessions, Laurent Garnier, Hieroglyphics, The Rapture, Stereolab, And You Will Know Us By The Trail of Dead, Peretz, Death Cab for Cutie, Kinky, LCD Soundsystem, Living Legends, Seb Fontaine, Sander Kleinenberg, Danny Howells, The Black Keys, The Sounds, Howie Day, The Stills, Boozoo Bajou, Da Lata, Juana Molina, Phantom Planet, Mindless Self Indulgence, dios, Q and Not U, stellastarr*, Savath & Savalas, Erase Errata, The Section Quartet, DJ Icon.
- Day 2: The Cure, The Flaming Lips, Air, Belle & Sebastian, Basement Jaxx, Paul Van Dyk, Bright Eyes, Atmosphere, Thursday, BRMC, Cursive, Le Tigre, The Crystal Method, Dizzee Rascal, Ferry Corsten, Adam Freeland, Mogwai, Ash, 2many Dj's, Muse, Sidestepper, Danger Mouse, Donald Glaude, Antibalas Afrobeat Orchestra, The Thrills, Elefant, Richard Fearless, Broken Social Scene, Thelonious Monster, The Sleepy Jackson, Prefuse 73, !!!, Pretty Girls Make Graves, The Cooper Temple Clause, Sage Francis, Supernatural, Eyedea & Abilities, T. Raumschmiere, The Killers, Home Town Hero, The Section Quartet.
The 2005 event ran from April 30 to May 1 and featured Coldplay, Arcade Fire, Snow Patrol, Weezer, M.I.A, M83, Bloc Party, The Prodigy, Keane, Chemical Brothers, Kasabian, Nine Inch Nails, Bright Eyes, Wilco, Spoon, Stereophonics, Tegan and Sara, New Order, Rilo Kiley, and Jem.
Other acts include the following:
- Day 1: Bauhaus, Cafe Tacuba, Doves, Sage Francis, The Raveonettes, Mercury Rev, Fantômas, Hernan Cattaneo, Spoon, Zap Mama, DJ Peretz, Jamie Cullum, M83, Ambulance LTD, Four Tet, MF Doom, Josh Wink, Amp Fiddler, Tiga, The Kills, UNKLE, The Secret Machines, Boom Bip, Swayzak, DJ Marky, Immortal Technique, Jean Grae, Razorlight, Katie Melua, Radio 4, Buck 65, Nic Armstrong & The Thieves, Gratitude, Eisley, The Sexy Magazines, k-os,
- Day 2: Gang of Four, Black Star, The Faint, Roni Size, Armin Van Buuren, The Arcade Fire, Pinback, Roots Manuva, DJ Krush, Z-Trip, Thrice, Junkie XL, M.I.A., British Sea Power, The Dresden Dolls, Miss Kittin, The Fiery Furnaces, Ben Watt, Aesop Rock, The Perceptionists, Autolux, Donavon Frankenreiter, Sixtoo, The Bravery, Matthew Dead, Diplo, Subtle, Beans, Shout Out Louds, The Futureheads, Sloan, Kasabian, The Blood Brothers, Matmos, Wolf Eyes, The Locust, Gram Rabbit, Smokestacks, Zion I, Midlake.
The 2006 event featured Depeche Mode, Massive Attack, Tool, Daft Punk, Scissor Sisters, James Blunt, Gnarls Barkley, and Madonna in her only Coachella appearance.
Full lineup included the following acts:
- Day 1: Franz Ferdinand, Sigur Rós, Damian "Jr. Gong" Marley, Common, Atmosphere, Carl Cox, My Morning Jacket, TV On The Radio, Ladytron, Clap Your Hands Say Yeah, Tosca, Cat Power, Animal Collective, HARD-Fi, Derrick Carter, Devendra Banhart, She Wants Revenge, The Walkmen, The Juan Maclean, Imogen Heap, Audio Bullys, Lady Sovereign, Deerhoof, The Duke Spirit, Eagles of Death Metal, Lyrics Born, Matt Costa, The New Amsterdams, The Zutons, Platinum Pied Pipers, White Rose Movement, Chris Liberator, Colette, Joey Beltram, Hybrid, Living Things, Wolfmother, The Like, Nine Black Alps, Celebration, The Section Quartet, Shy FX & T Power, Infusion.
- Day 2: Yeah Yeah Yeahs, Kanye West, Bloc Party, Paul Oakenfold, Matisyahu, Sleater-Kinney, Mogwai, Coheed and Cambria, Wolf Parade, Phoenix, Coldcut, Digable Planets, Amadou & Mariam, Louie Vega, Mylo, Seu Jorge, Ted Leo/Pharmacists, The Go! Team, Kaskade, Metric, Editors, Art Brut, Dungen, The Dears, Jamie Lidell, The Magic Numbers, Los Amigos Invisibles, Jazzanova, stellastarr*, Michael Mayer, Murs featuring 9th Wonder, Mates of State, Gilles Peterson, Infadels, Gabriel & Dresden, The Subways, Minus the Bear, OneRepublic, Be Your Own Pet, Youth Group, Giant Drag, Kristina Sky, The Octopus Project.
Organizers extended the 2007 festival to three days and featured Red Hot Chili Peppers, the reunited Rage Against the Machine and Björk, all of whom headlined for the second time. Other notable performers included Arcade Fire, who had made a memorable 2005 Coachella appearance, LCD Soundsystem, Manu Chao, a rare American performance by former Pulp-frontman Jarvis Cocker, and Scarlett Johansson, who sang with the reunited Jesus and Mary Chain. The festival compiled an aggregate attendance of 186,636, a new best, and grossed $16.3 million.
Full lineup includes:
- Day 1: Interpol, Arctic Monkeys, Jarvis Cocker, Sonic Youth, Faithless, DJ Shadow, Peeping Tom, Brazilian Girls, Peaches, Felix Da Housecat, Rufus Wainwright, Stephen Marley featuring Jr. Gong, Nickel Creek, Digitalism, Tokyo Police Club, Comedians of Comedy, EI-P, Julieta Venegas, Of Montreal, Gogel Bordello, Benny Benassi, Circa Survive, Silversun Pickups, Gillian, Welch-Tilly and the Wall, David Guetta, Amy Winehouse, Noisettes, Evil Nine, Busdriver.
- Day 2: Tiesto, The Decemberists, The Good, The Bad and the Queen, Travis, Kings of Leon, Gotan Project, The Rapture, Blonde Redhead, The New Pornographers, The Black Keys, !!!, Regina Spektor, Hot Chip, MSTRKRFT, Peter Bjorn and John, Ozomatli, Ghostface Killah, Fountains of Wayne, Jack's Mannequin, Sparklehorse, The Nightwatchman, Roky Erickson & The Explosives, Cornelius, CocoRosie, Andrew Bird, The Frames, The Fratellis, Justice, Pharoahe Monch, Fields, The Cribs, Girl Talk, Mika Relm, DJ Heather, Yeva, Pop Levi.
- Day 3: Air, Happy Mondays, Paul van Dyk, Willie Nelson, Crowded House, The Roots, Kaiser Chiefs, Damien Rice, Placebo, Explosions in the Sky, The Lemonheads, Komono No. 1, Richie Hawtin, Soulwax Nite Versions, Infected Mushroom, Lily Allen, Amos Lee, José González, Spank Rock, VNV Nation, Rodrigo y Gabriela, Against Me!, Ratatat, Junior Boys, The Feeling, The Kooks, CSS, Klaxons, Tapes n Tapes, Teddybears, Lupe Fiasco, Mando Diao, Grizzly Bear, Mika, The Coup, The Avett Bros., Anathallo, Kid Beyond, Fair to Midland.
For the first time since 2003, the event did not sell out, although the 2008 festival featured headliners Prince, Roger Waters, and Jack Johnson, along with notable appearances from Portishead, the reunited The Verve, M.I.A., Kraftwerk, Aphex Twin, the reunited Love and Rockets, and the reunited Swervedriver. Another noteworthy performance during the 2008 Coachella festival was that of singer/songwriter Adele. The 2008 festival drew an attendance of 151,666 and grossed $13.8 million.
Other acts included:
- Day 1: Raconteurs, The Breeders, Fatboy Slim, Tegan and Sara, Madness, The Swell Season, The National, Animal Collective, Slightly Stoopid, Mum, Sharon Jones & the Dap Kings, Stars, Battles, Aesop Rock, Midnight Juggernauts, Does It Offend You, Yeah?, Minus the Bear, Spank Rock, Dan Le Sac Vs Scroobius Pip, Diplo, Adam Freeland, Santo Gold, Jens Lekman, John Butler Trio, Vampire Weekend, Dan Deacon, Architecture in Helsinki, Sandra Collins, Busy P, Cut Copy, Black Lips, Datarock, Professor Murder, Reverend and the Makers, The Bees, Porter, Rogue Wave, Modeselektor, American Bang, Lucky I Am.
- Day 2: Death Cab for Cutie, Cafe Tacuba, Sasha & Digweed, Rilo Kiley, Dwight Yoakam, Hot Chip, Cold War Kids, Stephen Malkmus & the Jicks, DeVotchKa, Flogging Molly, Mark Ronson, Turbonegro, Scars on Broadway, Islands, Enter Shikari, Calvin Harris, Boyz Noize, Junkie XL, Cinematic Orchestra, Jamie T, The Teenagers, VHS or Beta, Carbon/Silicon, Erol Alkan, Yo Majesty!, Little Brother, Bonde Do Role, St. Vincent, Akron Family, MGMT, Institubes DJs (Surkin, Para One and Orgasmic), James Zabiela, Sebastian, Kavinsky, Dredg, The Bird and the Bee, Grand Ole Party, New Young Pony Club, 120 Days, Yoav, Electric Touch, Uffie.
- Day 3: Roger Waters,Love & Rockets, My Morning Jacket, Spiritualized, Justice, Gogol Bordello, Chromeo, The Streets, Metric, Danny Tenaglia, Simian Mobile Disco, Booka Shade, Murs, Dmitri from Paris, Autolux, The Field, Linton Kwesi Johnson, Les Savy Fav, The Cool Kids, Sons & Daughters, Sia, Holy Fuck, Black Kids, Black Mountain, The Annuals, Kid Sister w/A-Trak, Man Man, Duffy, I’m from Barcelona, Manchester Orchestra, Deadmau5, The Horrors, Austin TV, Shout Out Louds, Plastiscines, Brett Dennen.
The 2009 festival occurred a week earlier than usual. The new dates were April 17, 18 and 19, with the third annual edition of the country-music Stagecoach Festival set to start the following week. The event featured headliners Paul McCartney, The Killers, and The Cure. On Friday, McCartney blew past the festival's strict curfew by nearly an hour. Sunday, The Cure had their performance end abruptly, with the festival cutting stage power after passing their own curfew by thirty minutes. Notable performances included Franz Ferdinand, M.I.A. (whose 2005 encore set in a tent was a first at the fest), Yeah Yeah Yeahs, and rare appearances from artists Leonard Cohen and Throbbing Gristle. The festival drew an aggregate attendance of 160,000.
Excluding the artists mentioned above, full lineup in 2009 included the following acts:
- Day 1: Morrissey, Franz Ferdinand, Leonard Cohen, Conor Oberst and the Mystic Valley Band, Beirut, The Black Keys, Girl Talk, Silversun Pickups, The Ting Tings, The Crystal Method, Ghostland Observatory, Crystal Castles, The Airborne Toxic Event, We Are Scientists, N.A.S.A., Patton & Rahzel, M. Ward, The Presets, The Hold Steady, A Place to Bury Strangers, Felix da Housecat, Bruaka Som Sisterna, Ryan Bingham, Los Campesinos!, Craze & Klever, Molotov, Switch, Gui Boratto, Steve Aoki, The Aggrolites, Genghis Tron, People Under the Stairs, The Courteeners, El Gran Silencio, Cage the Elephant, Dear and the Headlights.
- Day 2: M.I.A., Thievery Corporation, The Chemical Brothers, TV on the Radio, Band of Horses, Fleet Foxes, MSTRKRFT, Michael Franti & Spearhead, Atmosphere, Mastodon, TRV$DJ-AM, Henry Rollins, Crookers, Jenny Lewis, Turbonegro, Paolo Nutini, Joss Stone, Superchunk, Glasvegas, Dr. Dog, Drive-By Truckers, Booker T & the DBT's, Amanda Palmer, The Bloody Beetroots, Surkin, ParaOne, Calexico, Liars, Bob Mould Band, Junior Boys, Zane Lowe, Electric Touch, Blitzen Trapper, James Morrison, Drop the Lime, Bless Candy, Thenemio2, Gang Gang Dance, Billy Talent, Ida Marin, Ariel Pink's Haunted Graffiti, Zizek Club, Cloud Cult, Tinariwen.
- Day 3: My Bloody Valentine, Yeah Yeah Yeahs, Throbbing Gristle, Lupe Fiasco, Paul Weller, Peter Bjorn and John, X, The Orb, Antony & the Johnsons, Roni Size Reprazent, Public Enemy, Groove Armada, Étienne de Crécy, Devendra Banhart, Murder City Devils, Christopher Lawrence, Lykke Li, The Kills, Okkervil River, M.A.N.D.Y., Clipse, Plump DJs, Busy P, Sebastien Tellier, Fucked Up, Perry Farrell, The Horrors, Late of the Pier, K'naan, Brian Jonestown Massacre, Supermayer, No Age, Vivian Girls, Shepherd Fairey, Themselves, Friendly Fires, The Gaslight Anthem, The Knux, Mexican Institute of Sound, The Might Marchers, Marshall Barnes.
Met with mixed reviews, organizers did away with single-day ticket sales in 2010, offering instead only three-day tickets. From April 16–18, 2010 the festival drew a reported 75,000 spectators or more each day, for an estimated average aggregate of 225,000 attendees, which surpassed previous attendance records. Headliners included Jay-Z, Muse and Gorillaz, along with LCD Soundsystem, the reunited Faith No More, a reunited Pavement, Thom Yorke of Radiohead and his live band Atoms for Peace, Tiesto, and supergroup Them Crooked Vultures. Other notable acts were Fever Ray, deadmau5, La Roux, MGMT, Florence and the Machine, Spoon, Bassnectar, Phoenix, Vampire Weekend, She & Him, Céu, Echo & the Bunnymen, The Specials, a rare Plastikman live set from Richie Hawtin, Sly Stone , and David Guetta.
Kings of Leon, Arcade Fire, Kanye West and The Strokes headlined the 2011 festival, while other performers included Duran Duran, Mumford & Sons, the reunited Big Audio Dynamite, PJ Harvey, and the Black Keys among another 190 supporting acts.
The 2011 festival grossed $23 million from 75,000 paid attendees, for an aggregate attendance of 225,000 across the entire three-day weekend.
On May 31, 2011, Goldenvoice announced that the festival would be held over two weekends beginning in 2012.
Coachella 2012 tickets sold out in hours. During Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg's performance at the festival, a projection of deceased rapper Tupac Shakur came up from under the stage (a voice actor performed his introduction lines) and began performing "Hail Mary" and "2 of Amerikaz Most Wanted". Although the media referred to the technology as a 'hologram', the projection was in fact created using the Musion Eyeliner system, which employs a version of Pepper's ghost. Following the performance, the projection disappeared. Dr. Dre had asked permission from Shakur's mother Afeni, who said the next day that she was thrilled with the performance. A projection of deceased singer Nate Dogg was also planned, but Dr. Dre decided against it. The 2012 festival also featured Porter Robinson, Pulp, Refused, At the Drive-In, Radiohead, The Black Keys, The Growlers, The Hives, Jeff Mangum, Godspeed You! Black Emperor, Arctic Monkeys, Kaskade, Miike Snow, Afrojack, Gotye, Justice, Frank Ocean, Flying Lotus, St. Vincent, M83, Bon Iver, Kaiser Chiefs, The Shins, Noel Gallagher's High Flying Birds, Squeeze, Zedd, Madness, Awolnation, Fitz and The Tantrums, Santigold, Band of Skulls, Azealia Banks, ASAP Rocky, Childish Gambino, and The Weeknd, as well as unscheduled guest appearances by Eminem, 50 Cent, Tony Yayo, Kendrick Lamar, Wiz Khalifa, Warren G, Kurupt, Rihanna, Usher, and Zack de la Rocha.
The 2012 festival grossed $47,313,403 from 158,387 paid attendees across the two weekends; 80,726 tickets were sold for the first weekend, and 77,661 for the second.
On January 25, 2013, the year's lineup was announced. Featured performers included Blur, Descendents, Red Hot Chili Peppers, Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark, The Stone Roses, The Lumineers, Metric, How to Destroy Angels, Of Monsters and Men, Infected Mushroom, The Postal Service, Wu-Tang Clan, Paul Kalkbrenner, The xx, Beach House, Redman, Vampire Weekend, Café Tacvba, La Roux, Phoenix, Social Distortion, Violent Femmes, Yeah Yeah Yeahs, 2 Chainz, Modest Mouse, Danny Brown, Tegan and Sara, Baauer, Tame Impala, Passion Pit Stars (Canadian band) and Earl Sweatshirt among others.
General admission tickets sold for $349, a $34 increase from the previous year. The festival grossed $67.2 in ticket sales and was attended by 180,000 people, making it the top music festival in the world.
The 2014 festival featured 184 artists. A reunited Outkast headline on Friday, Muse headlined the Saturday shows, and Arcade Fire closed out Sunday nights. The 2014 festival also featured Lorde, Pixies, The Replacements, Beck, Neutral Milk Hotel, Kid Cudi, Queens of the Stone Age, Nas, Calvin Harris, Broken Bells, Motörhead, Haim, Aloe Blacc, Bastille, Neko Case, MGMT, Zedd, Girl Talk, Pet Shop Boys, Foster the People, Ellie Goulding, Lana Del Rey, The 1975, Pharrell Williams, Lucent Dossier Experience, Young & Sick, Chromeo, CHVRCHES and Mogwai among others. Beyoncé made a surprise appearance during her sister Solange's performance. Justin Bieber also made a surprise appearance alongside Chance The Rapper. Jay-Z and Puff Daddy made surprise appearances during Nas' set. Jhene Aiko was joined by both Drake and Childish Gambino. Pharrell Williams had possibly the most guests which included Nelly, Snoop Dogg, Gwen Stefani, and Diplo. Deborah Harry joined Arcade Fire during their headline set to perform "Heart of Glass". Arcade Fire also allegedly introduced Daft Punk on stage; however after some speculation, it is rumored that it was just a charade. Although the EDM duo was on stage in their famous Grammy's costume, they never touched the switchboard and were not the same height and weight as the real members. The truth has not been currently confirmed.
The 2014 festival was held on April 11, 12, and 13 and again on April 18, 19, and 20. General admission tickets sold out in less than 20 minutes, while all other tickets (including VIP tickets in excess of US$5,000) sold out in less than 3 hours. That year's festival tallied an aggregate attendance of 579,000 and grossed a record-breaking $78.3 million.
On January 6, 2015 Coachella announced the official lineup for their 2015 festival. Headliners include AC/DC, Drake, and Jack White. The 2015 festival will be held on April 10, 11, and 12, and again on April 17, 18, and 19. General admission tickets once again sold out in less than 20 minutes.
The other half of the festival is dedicated to visual arts, including installation art and sculpture. Most of the pieces are interactive, providing a visual treat to the attendees walking amongst the festival grounds. Some of the works were featured at Burnisel and involves participants from architecture schools, both local and international. A few of the visual artists, such as Hotshot the Robot, Robochrist Industries, the Tesla Coil (Cauac), Cyclecide, and The Do LaB, alongside avant-garde performance troupe Lucent Dossier Experience, have appeared for several consecutive years. Poster artistEmek produces limited edition posters. He first produced posters in 2007 and has continued each year.
Cauac-Syd Klinge, Corndog and the Chaplain of Sparceland, Join Chunks, Nair B & Lovely, Magic Glasses, Facility 3 Artists and Joe Mangrum, Space Cowboys, Madgascar, 1Sky's HypKnowTron, Howard Hollis+Max Miceli, Christian Ristow, Bio-Fuel Bus, Joe Bard & Danya Parkinson, Finley Fryer, Buckethead, Mutaytor, String Theory, Arcadian Circle. The art was curated by Philip Blaine.
The installation artists were Syd Klinge (Cauac Tesla Coil), Nairb (Deus Ex Machina), Laura Crosta and Funn Roberts (Lanternaria), LT Mustardseed (The Journey of the Dragonfly, Finley Fryer ("Stan" – The Diver), Rosanna Scimecca (Cleavage in Space+Red Widow Spider), Christian Ristow (Robochrist Industries), David Wharton + Scott Mattison (Diffraction Light Tunnel), Howard Hollis (Linticular 3-D Art), Scott Gasparian (gaspo) (HypKnowTron), D-light (Helix IV), Gabi Tuschak, Juli Gudmundson and Melody Byrd (Chitlin'n Grits), Mass Ensemble (Earth Harp), Jerico Woggon (Year of the Snake) and Cyclecide (Bike Rodeo). Philip Blaine curated the art.
The installation artists were Syd Klinge (Cauac), Brian Corndog (Metron Transformer), Michael Christian (Flock and Hypha), Rosanna Scimecca (Zephyrus' Disgolmerate), Jerico Woggon, Orion Fredricks (Harmonizer Water Sculpture), Doyle (The Spider), Cyclecide/Bike Rodeo, O2 Creative (Gnome Dome), The Do LaB (Lucent Misting Oasis featuring Lucent Dossier Experience,) and Keith Greco (Leaf Rake Tree+Snow Globe Domes, Hotshot the Robot, Philip Blaine curated.
The Do LaB, Lucent Dossier Experience, Johnny America, Syd Klinge: Tesla Coil, Brian Corndog: KA Labyrinth, Mark Lottor: Cubatron, Cyclecide Bike Rodeo, Kinetic Steam Works, Jamie Vaida: Goes Around Comes Around Carousel, Stronghold Productions: FirePod, Michael Christian: I.T., and Babel, Sean Sobczak: Love and Dragons, Domes Guys: 90' Dome, Jason Hackenworth: Megamite Army, Dorothy Trojanowski: Rubber Horses, Perpetual Art Machine, NON Designs, Mark Esper: It's in the Air and Enlightenment, Brose Partington: Tide, Greg de Gouveia: Cubed 3, Jim Bowers: Terrasphere, Hotshot the Robot, LT Mustardseed: Aquatic Temple of Chill, Stefano Corazza: Field of Sunflower Robots, Sasstown Crew (Portland): Threemove, Rosanna Scimeca: St. Taudry's, manIC. Philip Blaine curated.
Gerard Minakawa: (Bamboo Waves), The Do Lab: (Oasis), Sean Orlando: (The Steampunk Treehouse), Mike Ross: (BigRigJig), Mark Lottor: (The Quad Cubatron), Ball-Nogues Studio: (Copper Droopscape), Martii Kalliala and Jenna Sutela: (Super Ball), Aaron Koblin: (Flight Patterns), Michael Christian: (Beyond the Garden), Christopher Janney: (Sonic Forest), Syd Klinge: (Cauac Twins), Corndog: (Parabola), James Nick Sears: (The Orb), Orion Fredericks: (Fata Morgana) HotShot the Robot, SWARM and Slick. Philip Blaine curated.
The Do Lab's Lucent Mysting Oasis and Lucent Dossier Experience, Gerard Minakawa: (Bamboo Starscraper), Flaming Lotus Girls: (Serpent Mother), Rob Bucholz: (Perhaps) Hotshot the Robot: (Spectralcodec Interactive Video), CalPoly Pomona Architectural students+Michael Fox: (Flockwall), Shine+Spears family: (La Familia Divina-Shrine), Flase Profits Labs: (Pyrocardium), Michael Christian: (Sphae), SCI Arc Students+Benjamin Ball+Gaston Nogues+Andrew Lyon and Philip Blaine: (Elastic Plastic Sponge), Rimski: (Rimski’s Bicycle Piano), Christian Ristow: (Hand of Man), Mark Lottor: (The Quad Cubatron), Alex Nolan and Justin Grant: (SOL), Syd Klinge: (Cauac Twins). Philip Blaine curated.
The Do Lab Oasis and Lucent Dossier Experience, The Creators Project: Coachella Stage Enhanced, Sarah Tent Installation, Long March, Punch, Nidhogg, The Do Lab, The Do Lab's Pagoda, Winwin Creative: Joy, Michael Christian: Candelaphytes, Hotshot the Robot, Cyclecide Bike Rodeo, reel-Mobile, Coachella Art Studios, Rob Buchholz: Wish, Todd Williams: Land Sharks, Syd Klinge: (CauacTwins), Christian Ristow: Fledgling, Balloon Chain, A Physical Manifestation of Ladies and Gentlemen We Are Floating in Space: Jonathan Glazer + J. Spaceman with Undisclosable and One of Us.
The Do LaB: (Oasis) + (Triad), Lucent Dossier Experience, Coachella Art Studios, Charles Gadeken: (WAVE), Todd Williams: (Land Shark), Gerard Minakawa: (Starry Bamboo), Hotshot the Robot, Susan Robb: (Warmth, Giant Black Tubes), Christian Ristow: (Garaplata), Shrine: (Shacks), Robert Bose: (Balloon Chain), Sensory Sync: (Gateway), Poetic Kinetic: (Solitary Inflorescence), Cyclecide and Makeover Mechanix.
Helix Poeticus (The Snail) by Poetic Kinetics, Los Angeles. CAUC Twins by Syd Klinge, Los Angeles. Recyclosauras Rex by Johny Amerika, Los Angeles. Mirage by Paul Clemente, Los Angeles. PK-107 Mantis by Poetic Kinetics, Los Angeles. 
2Squared by Charles Gadeken. Balloon Chain by Robert Bose. Becoming Human by Christian Ristow. Cryochome by James Peterson. The Do Lab by Eepert Village. Escape Velocity (The Astronaut) by Poetic Kinetics. Smartbird by Festo. Giant Green Caterpillar by Mike Grandaw. Lightweaver by Stereo-Bot. Lucent Dossier Experience. Reflection Field by Philip K. Smith III. Archetypes by Keith Greco. Archetypes by Brent Spears/Shrine. Sidewinder by Abigail Portner. Paraiso by Raices Cultura. Road Trip by Don Kennel. Intentcity by Teale Hatheway. The Jive Joint. Coachella Art Studios. 
Features and surroundings
In 2003 Coachella started allowing tent camping as an option for festival lodging. The campground site is on a polo field adjacent to the venue grounds and has its own entrance on the south side of the venue. 2010 introduced many new features, such as re-entry from the campsite to the festival grounds, parking next to your tent, and recreational vehicle camping spots (recreational vehicle camping was offered one year only). For that festival, there were more than 17,000 campers. At the 2012 event, on-site facilities included recycling, a general store, showers, mobile phone charging stations and an internet cafe with free WiFi.
The festival takes place in a desert setting as the city of Indio is a part of the California Desert. Temperatures during the festival's history have ranged from 124 °F (51 °C) on October 9, 1999 to 41 °F (5 °C) on April 14, 2012.
Organizers of the Coachella festival manage its carbon footprint by involving employees and attendees. The festival organizers promote carpooling and reward people who participate: cars with four or more people that display the word "carpoolchella" somewhere on their car may be selected by a secret spotter to win VIP tickets/pass for life for everyone in the car. In 2007, Coachella teamed up with Global Inheritance to start a 10 for 1 recycling program, in which anyone who collects ten empty water bottles receives a free one. In 2009, the festival introduced ten dollar refillable water bottles, which purchasers could refill at water stations inside the festival and within the campgrounds.
The success of Coachella in its early years proved music festivals could work and succeed in a destination form, as opposed to a traveling festival. The year of Coachella's debut was also the year of Woodstock '99, which was marred by riots, fires, and rapes, turning many[weasel words] people off of music festivals.
In the years following Coachella's success, many other festivals have followed in its footsteps, copying its format as a destination festival with multiple stages, attractions, art, and camping. Some of these new festivals have grown to achieve the same success as Coachella, such as Lollapalooza in Chicago, Governors Ball in New York City and Bonnaroo in Tennessee.
In 2007, Goldenvoice inaugurated the Stagecoach Festival, an annual country music festival that takes place on the same grounds as Coachella the following weekend. Seen as a "cousin" of Coachella, Stagecoach has grown at a faster pace, eventually selling out for the first time in 2012 with 55,000 attendees.
The success of Coachella has led its organizers to partner with other American music festivals. In September 2014, Goldenvoice announced it had entered into a joint venture with Red Frog Events to help them promote and produce their Firefly Music Festival. In January 2015, a similar agreement was reached with the organizers of the Hangout Music Festival.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Coachella.|
- The Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival official website
- Coachella Music Festival | The Desert Sun
- Coachella channel on YouTube
- The Art of Coachella – Short Film
- Howser, Huell (September 7, 2009). "Coachella Music Festival – California's Gold Special (141)". California's Gold. Chapman University Huell Howser Archive.