Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival
||This article has an unclear citation style. (September 2012)|
The sun sets over the main stage at Coachella 2011.
|Location(s)||Indio, California, United States|
|Years active||1999, 2001–present|
|Founded by||Paul Tollett|
|Date(s)||Third weekend or last week of April|
|Genre||Music festival, arts festival|
The Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival (commonly known as Coachella, Coachellafest, or Coachella Festival) is an annual three-day music and arts festival, founded by Paul Tollett, organized by Goldenvoice (a subsidiary of AEG Live), and held at the Empire Polo Club in Indio, California in the Inland Empire's Coachella Valley. The event features many music genres, including rock, indie, hip hop, and electronic music, as well as sculpture. Across the grounds, several stages continuously host live music. The main stages are: Coachella Stage, Outdoor Theatre, Gobi Tent, Mojave Tent, and the Sahara Tent (2006 and 2011 also featured the addition of a smaller Oasis Dome and 2013 featured a new Yuma stage.)
The festival showcases popular and established musical artists, as well as emerging artists and reunited groups. Notable appearances include: Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg, Prince, Paul McCartney, Arcade Fire, Wu-Tang Clan, Arctic Monkeys, The Killers, Duran Duran, Radiohead, Porcupine Tree, Oasis, Daft Punk, Roger Waters, Madonna, The Cure, Florence and the Machine, Kanye West, The Black Keys, Rage Against the Machine, Beck, Gorillaz, Björk, Nine Inch Nails, The Strokes, Swedish House Mafia, The Chemical Brothers, Pavement, Blur, The Stone Roses, The Verve, The White Stripes, Jay-Z, Tool, The Prodigy, Beastie Boys, Muse, Red Hot Chili Peppers, Foo Fighters, Green Day, Justice and Tame Impala.
On November 5, 1993, Pearl Jam performed before almost 25,000 fans at the Empire Polo Club, which had previously never hosted a music festival. Although the band's management chose this fledgling site as part of a boycott of Ticketmaster and the Southern California auditoriums it controlled, the event established its suitability for large-scale events. Because of its remote location and hot, dry climate several years elapsed before the next large event.
Inaugural event: 1999
Six years later, on October 9 and 10, 1999, three months after the Woodstock 99 festival, the first Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival was held. Due to the fires and riots at Woodstock 99, Coachella promoters were not allowed to offer on-site camping, a ban that continued until 2002.
About 10,000 people attended the two-day inaugural event, supporting headlining acts Beck, The Chemical Brothers, Tool, Morrissey and Rage Against the Machine. Other acts included Jurassic 5, DJ Mike Hawk, and Underworld. Originally, promoters had hoped to make the event three days (Friday-Sunday) and even considered the UK band Massive Attack as the third day headliner. The event went smoothly, with the biggest complaint being the blistering heat. Goldenvoice lost more than $750,000 on the undertaking, with prominent bands like Rage Against the Machine, Tool and Beck agreeing to delayed compendation, and leading to the sale of the company to AEG.
No festival took place in 2000, likely due to the financial troubles of the inaugural event. In 2001, however, festival organizers decided to try again. They moved the festival to the month of April (to avoid the intense heat of the late summer), and scheduled a single day, likely due to a tighter budget. Organizers encountered difficulty booking acts for the festival. Months before the event, promoters did not have a headline act and the festival risked failure. Promoters turned to Perry Farrell, who brought the reunited Jane's Addiction to the project.
In 2002 the event returned to a two-day format, featuring the reunited Siouxsie and the Banshees, as well as headlining acts Björk and Oasis. The strong supporting acts helped prove to the Indio community that the event could bring in money and take place without conflict.
The 2004 event featured the reunited Pixies, as well as Radiohead, Kraftwerk, The Cure and other major bands, becoming the first sellout, moving 50,000 tickets for both Saturday and Sunday. Thereafter the festival attracted large crowds, including bands such as Nine Inch Nails, Coldplay, Depeche Mode, Tool, Daft Punk, and Massive Attack.
The 2005 event ran from April 30 to May 1 and featured Coldplay, Arcade Fire, Snow Patrol, Weezer, M.I.A, M83, Bloc Party, The Prodigy, Keane, Chemical Brothers, Kasabian, Nine Inch Nails, Bright Eyes, Wilco, Spoon, Stereophonics, Tegan and Sara, New Order, Rilo Kiley, and Jem.
The 2006 event featured Depeche Mode, Tool, Daft Punk, Scissor Sisters, James Blunt, Gnarls Barkley, and Madonna in her only Coachella appearance.
Organizers extended the 2007 festival to three days and featured Red Hot Chili Peppers, the reunited Rage Against the Machine and Björk, all of whom headlined for the second time. Other notable performers included Arcade Fire, who had made a memorable 2005 Coachella appearance, LCD Soundsystem, Manu Chao, a rare American performance by former Pulp-frontman Jarvis Cocker, and Scarlett Johansson, who sang with the reunited Jesus and Mary Chain.
For the first time since 2003, the event did not sell out, although it featured headliners Prince, Roger Waters, and Jack Johnson, along with notable appearances from Portishead, the reunited The Verve, M.I.A., Kraftwerk, Aphex Twin, the reunited Love and Rockets, and the reunited Swervedriver. Another noteworthy performance during the 2008 Coachella festival was that of singer/songwriter Adele.
The 2009 festival occurred a week earlier than usual. The new dates were April 17, 18 and 19, with the third annual edition of the country-music Stagecoach Festival set to start the following week. The event featured headliners Paul McCartney, The Killers, and The Cure (On Friday, McCartney blew past the festival's strict curfew by nearly an hour. Sunday, The Cure had their performance end abruptly, with the festival cutting stage power after passing their own curfew by thirty minutes) notable performances from Franz Ferdinand, M.I.A. (whose 2005 encore set in a tent was a first at the fest), Yeah Yeah Yeahs, and rare appearances from artists Leonard Cohen and Throbbing Gristle.
Met with mixed reviews, organizers did away with single-day ticket sales in 2010, offering instead only three-day tickets. From April 16–18, 2010 the festival drew a reported 75,000 spectators or more each day, for an estimated average aggregate of 225,000 attendees, which surpassed previous attendance records. Headliners included Jay-Z, Muse and Gorillaz, along with LCD Soundsystem, the reunited Faith No More, a reunited Pavement, Thom Yorke of Radiohead and his live band Atoms for Peace, Tiesto, and supergroup Them Crooked Vultures. Other notable acts were Fever Ray, Porcupine Tree, deadmau5, La Roux, MGMT, Florence and the Machine, Spoon, Bassnectar, Phoenix, Vampire Weekend, CéU, Echo & the Bunnymen, The Specials, the reunited Public Image Ltd., the reunited Orbital, a rare Plastikman live set from Richie Hawtin, Sly Stone, and David Guetta.
Kings of Leon, Arcade Fire, Kanye West, and The Strokes headlined the 2011 festival, while other performers included Duran Duran, Mumford & Sons, the reunited Big Audio Dynamite, PJ Harvey, and the Black Keys among another 190 supporting acts.
On May 31, 2011, Goldenvoice announced that the festival would be held over two weekends beginning in 2012.
Coachella 2012 tickets sold out in hours. During Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg's performance at the festival, a projection of deceased rapper Tupac Shakur came up from under the stage and began performing "Hail Mary" and "2 of Amerikaz Most Wanted". Although the media referred to the technology as a 'hologram', the projection was in fact created using the Musion Eyeliner system, which employs a version of Pepper's ghost. Following the performance, the projection disappeared. Dr. Dre had asked permission from Shakur's mother Afeni, who said the next day that she was thrilled with the performance. A projection of deceased singer Nate Dogg was also planned, but Dr. Dre decided against it. The 2012 festival also featured Porter Robinson, Pulp, Refused, At the Drive-In, Radiohead, The Black Keys, The Growlers, The Hives, Jeff Mangum, Godspeed You! Black Emperor, Arctic Monkeys, Kaskade, Miike Snow, Afrojack, Gotye, Justice, Frank Ocean, Flying Lotus, St. Vincent, M83, Bon Iver, Kaiser Chiefs, The Shins, Noel Gallagher's High Flying Birds, Squeeze, Zedd, Madness, Awolnation, Fitz and the Tantrums, Santigold, Band of Skulls, Azealia Banks, ASAP Rocky, Childish Gambino, and The Weeknd, as well as unscheduled guest appearances by Eminem, 50 Cent, Tony Yayo, Kendrick Lamar, Wiz Khalifa, Warren G, Kurupt, Rihanna, Usher, and Zack de la Rocha.
On January 25, 2013, the year's lineup was announced. Featured performers included Blur, The Stone Roses, The Lumineers, Metric, Red Hot Chili Peppers, How to Destroy Angels, Of Monsters and Men, Infected Mushroom, The Postal Service, Wu-Tang Clan, Paul Kalkbrenner The xx, Osment, Redman, Vampire Weekend, Café Tacvba, La Roux, Phoenix, Social Distortion, Yeah Yeah Yeahs, 2 Chainz, Modest Mouse, Danny Brown, Tegan and Sara, Baauer, Passion Pit and Earl Sweatshirt among others.
The other half of the festival is dedicated to visual arts, including installation art and sculpture. Most of the pieces are interactive, providing a visual treat to the attendees walking. Some of the works were featured at Burning Man and Art Basel and involves participants from architecture schools, both local and international. A few of the visual artists, such as Hotshot the Robot, Robochrist Industries, the Tesla Coil (Cauac), Cyclecide, and The Do LaB, alongside avant-garde performance troupe Lucent Dossier Experience, have appeared for several consecutive years. Poster artistEmek produces limited edition posters. He first produced posters in 2007 and has continued each year.
Cauac-Syd Klinge, Corndog and the Chaplain of Sparceland, Join Chunks, Nair B & Lovely, Magic Glasses, Facility 3 Artists and Joe Mangrum, Space Cowboys, Madgascar, 1Sky's HypKnowTron, Howard Hollis+Max Miceli, Christian Ristow, Bio-Fuel Bus, Joe Bard & Danya Parkinson, Finley Fryer, Buckethead, Mutaytor, String Theory, Arcadian Circle. The art was curated by Philip Blaine.
The installation artists were Syd Klinge (Cauac Tesla Coil), Nairb (Deus Ex Machina), Laura Crosta and Funn Roberts (Lanternaria), LT Mustardseed (The Journey of the Dragonfly, Finley Fryer ("Stan" - The Diver), Rosanna Scimecca (Cleavage in Space+Red Widow Spider), Christian Ristow (Robochrist Industries), David Wharton + Scott Mattison (Diffraction Light Tunnel), Howard Hollis (Linticular 3-D Art), Scott Gasparian (gaspo) (HypKnowTron), D-light (Helix IV), Gabi Tuschak, Juli Gudmundson and Melody Byrd (Chitlin'n Grits), Mass Ensemble (Earth Harp), Jerico Woggon (Year of the Snake) and Cyclecide (Bike Rodeo). Philip Blaine curated the art and site design.
The installation artists were Syd Klinge (Cauac), Brian Corndog (Metron Transformer), Michael Christian (Flock and Hypha), Rosanna Scimecca (Zephyrus' Disgolmerate), Jerico Woggon, Orion Fredricks (Harmonizer Water Sculpture), Doyle (The Spider), Cyclecide/Bike Rodeo, O2 Creative (Gnome Dome), The Do LaB (Lucent Misting Oasis featuring Lucent Dossier) and Keith Greco (Leaf Rake Tree+Snow Globe Domes, Philip Blaine curated.
The Do LaB, Lucent Dossier, Johnny America, Syd Klinge: Tesla Coil, Brian Corndog: KA Labyrinth, Mark Lottor: Cubatron, Cyclecide Bike Rodeo, Kinetic Steam Works, Jamie Vaida: Goes Around Comes Around Carousel, Stronghold Productions: FirePod, Michael Christian: I.T., and Babel, Sean Sobczak: Love and Dragons, Domes Guys: 90' Dome, Jason Hackenworth: Megamite Army, Dorothy Trojanowski: Rubber Horses, Perpetual Art Machine, NON Designs, Mark Esper: It's in the Air and Enlightenment, Brose Partington: Tide, Greg de Gouveia: Cubed 3, Jim Bowers: Terrasphere, Hotshot the Robot, LT Mustardseed: Aquatic Temple of Chill, Stefano Corazza: Field of Sunflower Robots, Sasstown Crew (Portland): Threemove, Rosanna Scimeca: St. Taudry's, manIC. Philip Blaine curated.
Gerard Minakawa: (Bamboo Waves), The Do Lab: (Oasis), Sean Orlando: (The Steampunk Treehouse), Mike Ross: (BigRigJig), Mark Lottor: (The Quad Cubatron), Ball-Nogues Studio: (Copper Droopscape), Martii Kalliala and Jenna Sutela: (Super Ball), Aaron Koblin: (Flight Patterns), Michael Christian: (Beyond the Garden), Christopher Janney: (Sonic Forest), Syd Klinge: (Cauac Twins), Corndog: (Parabola), James Nick Sears: (The Orb), Orion Fredericks: (Fata Morgana), Darren Barnes: (HotShot the Robot), SWARM and Slick. Philip Blaine Curated.
Gerard Minakawa: (Bamboo Starscraper), Flaming Lotus Girls: (Serpent Mother), Rob Bucholz: (Perhaps), Robotronia: (hotShot the Robot), Professor Munz + d6: (Spectralcodec Interactive Video), CalPoly Pomona Architectural students+Michael Fox: (Flockwall), Shine+Spears family: (La Familia Divina-Shrine), Flase Profits Labs: (Pyrocardium), Michael Christian: (Sphae), SCI Arc Students+Benjamin Ball+Gaston Nogues+Andrew Lyon and Philip Blaine: (Elastic Plastic Sponge), Rimski: (Rimski’s Bicycle Piano), Christian Ristow: (Hand of Man), Mark Lottor: (The Quad Cubatron), Alex Nolan and Justin Grant: (SOL), Syd Klinge: (Cauac Twins), The Do Lab Oasis and Lucent Dossier Experience. Philip Blaine curated.
The Creators Project: Coachella Stage Enhanced, Sarah Tent Installation, Long March, Punch, Nidhogg, The Do Lab, The Do Lab's Pagoda, Winwin Creative: Joy, Michael Christian: Candelaphytes, Cyclecide Bike Rodeo, reel-Mobile, Coachella Art Studios, Rob Buchholz: Wish, Todd Williams: Land Sharks, Syd Klinge: (CauacTwins), Fledgling, Balloon Chain, A Physical Manifestation of Ladies and Gentlemen We Are Floating in Space: Jonathan Glazer + J. Spaceman with Undisclosable and One of Us.
The Do LaB: (Oasis) + (Triad), Coachella Art Studios, Charles Gadeken: (WAVE), Todd Williams: (Land Shark), Gerard Minakawa: (Starry Bamboo), Darren Barnes: (Hotshot the Robot), Susan Robb: (Warmth, Giant Black Tubes), Christian Ristow: (Garaplata), Shrine: (Shacks), Robert Bose: (Balloon Chain), Sensory Sync: (Gateway), Poetic Kinetic: (Solitary Inflorescence), Cyclecide and Makeover Mechanix.
In 2003 Coachella started allowing tent camping as an option for festival lodging. The campground site is on a polo field adjacent to the venue grounds and has its own entrance on the south side of the venue. For the 2010 festival, there were more than 17,000 campers. At the 2012 event, on-site facilities included recycling, a general store, showers, mobile phone charging stations and an internet cafe with free WiFi.
The festival takes place in a desert setting as the city of Indio is a part of the California Desert. Temperatures during the festival's history have ranged from 107 °F (42 °C) on April 21, 2012 to 41 °F (5 °C) on April 14, 2012.
Stagecoach Festival, which also offers camping, usually occurs on the weekend following Coachella. 2010 introduced many new features, such as re-entry from the campsite to the festival grounds, parking next to your tent, and recreational vehicle camping spots.
Organizers of the Coachella festival manage its carbon footprint by involving employees and attendees. The festival organizers promote carpooling and reward people who participate: cars with four or more people that display the word "carpoolchella" somewhere on their car may be selected by a secret spotter to win VIP tickets/pass for life for everyone in the car. In 2007, Coachella teamed up with Global Inheritance to start a 10 for 1 recycling program, in which anyone who collects ten empty water bottles receives a free one. In 2009, the festival introduced ten dollar refillable water bottles, which purchasers could refill at water stations inside the festival and within the campgrounds.
List of lineups by year
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Coachella|
- Coachella Festival Official website
- Coachella Music Festival | The Desert Sun
- Coachella Live on Youtube
- The Art of Coachella - Short Film
- Crowd Photos at Coachella 2013 - Gallery
- Howser, Huell (September 7, 2009). "Coachella Music Festival – California's Gold Special (141)". California's Gold. Chapman University Huell Howser Archive.