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In biology, co-adaptation, or coadaptation refers to the mutual adaptation of:
- Species: see mutualism, symbiosis. This is generally termed coevolution.
- Traits, often at different levels of biological organization. For example, ecophysiology and evolutionary physiology have focused on the coadaptation of behavior with physiology (e.g., ).
- Organs: see the evolution of the eye.
- Genes or gene complexes: see Linkage disequilibrium, epistasis
Examples of Coevolution
- Huey, R. B., and A. F. Bennett. 1987. Phylogenetic studies of coadaptation: preferred temperatures versus optimal performance temperatures of lizards. Evolution 41:1098–1115.
- Garland, T., Jr., T. 1999. Laboratory endurance capacity predicts variation in field locomotor behaviour among lizard species. Animal Behaviour 57:77–83.
- Angilletta Jr, M. J., A. F. Bennett, H. Guderley, C. A. Navas, F. Seebacher, and R. S. Wilson. 2006. Coadaptation: a unifying principle in evolutionary thermal biology. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 79:282–294.
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