|Legal status||Non-departmental public body (NDPB)|
|Purpose||Coal mining in the UK|
|Chief Executive||Philip Lawrence|
|Main organ||Coal Authority Board (Chairman - Dr Helen Mounsey)|
|Parent organization||Department of Energy and Climate Change|
It was established under the Coal Industry Act 1994 to manage certain functions previously undertaken by the British Coal Corporation (formerly the National Coal Board), including ownership of unworked coal. It is situated in the south of Mansfield, in Berry Hill. It was funded by the Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform, and is now funded by the Department of Energy and Climate Change.
It is responsible for licensing coal mining operations and for providing information on coal reserves and past and future coal mining. It settles subsidence claims not falling on coal mining operators. It deals with the management and disposal of property, and with surface hazards such as abandoned coal mine shafts. It operates a 24-hour call-out service for surface hazards.