Coal Oil Point seep field
The Coal Oil Point seep field offshore from Santa Barbara, California is a petroleum seep area of about three square kilometres, adjacent to the Ellwood Oil Field, and releases about 40 tons of methane per day and about 19 tons of reactive organic gas (ethane, propane, butane and higher hydrocarbons), about twice the hydrocarbon air pollution released by all the cars and trucks in Santa Barbara County in 1990. The liquid petroleum produces a slick that is many kilometres long and when degraded by evaporation and weathering, produces tar balls which wash up on the beaches for miles around.
This seep also releases on the order of 100 to 150 barrels (16 to 24 m3) of liquid petroleum per day. The field produces about 9 cubic meters of natural gas per barrel of petroleum.
- J. Scott Hornafius and others, "The world's most spectacular marine hydrocarbon seeps (Coal Oil Point, California): quantification of emissions," Journal of Geophysical Research, v.104, n.C9, 15 September 1999, p.20,709, PDF file, downloaded 28 January 2009.
- http://seeps.geol.ucsb.edu/ Hornafius et al.
- Luyendyk, Bruce; James Kennett, Jordan F. Clark (2005). "Hypothesis for increased atmospheric methane input from hydrocarbon seeps on exposed continental shelves during glacial low sea level". Marine and Petroleum Geology (Elsevier) 22 (4): 591–596. doi:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2004.08.005. Retrieved 2009-01-17.
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