Coalition Avenir Québec
|Coalition Avenir Québec|
|Founded||November 4, 2011|
|Headquarters||4020, rue Saint-Ambroise Bureau 499, Montreal, Quebec|
|Political position||Centre to Centre-right|
|Seats in the National Assembly|
|Politics of Quebec
The Coalition Avenir Québec (CAQ; pronounced: [kɔ.a.li.sjɔ̃ av.niʁ ke.bɛk], "Coalition for Quebec's Future"), is a political party in the Canadian province of Quebec. Its politics have been described in the press as centre-right, but the party describes itself as of neither the left nor the right. It also describes itself as of centre-right on economic issues, while left of centre on social ones.
It was founded by former cabinet minister François Legault and businessman Charles Sirois; Legault also serves as its leader. The party membership includes both sovereigntists and federalists (i.e., supporters and opponents of Quebec sovereignty); however it has called for a ten-year moratorium on any new sovereignty referendum.
Not long after its formation, the party gained nine sitting members in the National Assembly who had originally been elected as members of the Parti Québécois and of the Action démocratique du Québec (ADQ); the latter party merged with the CAQ in January 2012. The formal name used by the party in contesting the September 2012 general election is Coalition avenir Québec - L'équipe François Legault.
Members and supporters of the party are referred to as "caquistes", although the party originally requested that the term "coalisés" be used instead.
In February 2011, François Legault and Charles Sirois held a press conference to announce the formation of a movement to be known as the "Coalition pour l'avenir du Québec", literally Coalition for the Future of Quebec.
In September 2011, the Coalition began discussions with the ADQ on the possibility of a merger between the two groups.
On November 14, 2011, François Legault held a press conference to launch the movement as an official party under the slightly modified name of Coalition Avenir Québec, unveiling a new logo at the same time. The actual registration of the party with the Chief Electoral Officer of Quebec had already taken place on 4 November.
On December 13, 2011, the Coalition and the ADQ announced an agreement in principle to merge, pending final approval with the ADQ membership.
On December 19, 2011, two former PQ MNAs (Benoit Charette, Daniel Ratthé) and two former ADQ MNAs (Éric Caire and Marc Picard) who had earlier left their respective parties to sit as independents announced that they were joining the CAQ.
On January 21, 2012, the results of the ADQ's mail-in vote were announced: of the 54% of members who voted, 70% approved the merger with the CAQ. The four sitting ADQ MNAs joining the CAQ were: Sylvie Roy of Lotbinière, Janvier Grondin of Beauce-Nord, François Bonnardel of Shefford, and leader Gérard Deltell of Chauveau.
On January 23, 2012, the CAQ announced its first president, Dominique Anglade, who will also be a candidate for the party in the next election.
On August 5, 2012 Jacques Duchesneau, the whistleblower behind Quebec's anti-corruption unit, announced his candiacy for the riding of Saint-Jérôme in the 2012 Quebec general election. He won the MNA seat.
The party proposes government investment in education and partial decentralisation of the healthcare system. They promise "to further develop the entrepreneurial culture in Québec" and provide government resources for the private sector. The party also support austerity "to provide the government with the flexibility it needs to adapt to the ongoing changes in the economy"; one measure specifically mentioned is leaving 6,000 open Hydro-Québec employment positions unfilled. Although the party does not support independence, it advocates Quebec nationalism. This includes limiting immigration and decreasing the use of languages other than French, especially in Montreal. The party supports multiculturalism insofar as to "integrate newcomers".
According to the party, Quebec is defined by "its historical heritage, the French language, its democratic ideals and the principles of the secularity of the State, and equality among men and women".
|Election||Seats won||Seats available||Popular vote||Popular vote (%)||Legislative role||Party leader|
|2012||19||125||1,180,261||27.06%||Balance of Power||François Legault|
Members of the National Assembly
The CAQ caucus now consists of the following members:
- François Bonnardel - Granby, also member of the party executive
- Éric Caire - La Peltrie
- Hélène Daneault - Groulx
- Gérard Deltell - Chauveau
- Christian Dubé - Lévis
- Jacques Duchesneau - Saint-Jérôme
- Stéphane Le Bouyonnec - La Prairie
- François Legault - L'Assomption
- Sylvain Lévesque - Vanier-Les Rivières
- Jacques Marcotte - Portneuf
- Donald Martel - Nicolet-Bécancour
- Marc Picard - Chutes-de-la-Chaudière
- Nathalie Roy - Montarville
- Sylvie Roy - Arthabaska
- Sébastien Schneeberger - Drummond–Bois-Francs
- André Spénard - Beauce-Nord
- Michelyne St-Laurent - Montmorency
- Denise Trudel - Charlesbourg
- "Coalition avenir Québec". Directeur général des élections du Québec. Retrieved 2012-02-04.
- "Quebec unites its right". Cnews.canoe.ca. QMI Agency. January 22, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-04.
- "Legault's Coalition Avenir Quebec absorbs ADQ". CTV Montreal. 2012-01-22. Retrieved 2012-08-04.
- "Jean Charest: Quebec Premier Eyeing 2013 Election". Huffingtonpost.ca. 2012-01-09. Retrieved 2012-08-04.
- "Francois Legault unveils Coalition for the Future". CTV Montreal. 21 February 2011. Retrieved 9 March 2011.
- Ljunggren, David (14 November 2011). "New Quebec party could marginalize separatists". Reuters. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
- Ljunggren, David (14 June 2011). "The PQ falls on its separatist message". National Post. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
- Alexander Panetta The Canadian Press (14 November 2011). "New Quebec political party makes statement with logo". thestar.com. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
- Gilbert Lavoie (3 November 2011). "Coquetterie caquiste...". Le Soleil (Cyberpresse.ca). Retrieved 2012-08-04.
- "Francois Legault unveils Coalition for the Future". CTV. 20 February 2011. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- Lessard, Denis (7 September 2011). "Fusion de l'ADQ et de la CAQ: Deltell pressé par son parti". La Presse (in French) (Québec). Retrieved 7 September 2011.
- "New Quebec political party makes statement with logo". CTV. 14 November 2011. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- "CAQ officially merging with ADQ". CTV. 13 December 2011. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- "Quatre élus indépendants se rallient à la CAQ". Radio-Canada (in French). 19 December 2011. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- White, Marianne (19 December 2011). "New party boots its ranks with four new members". canada.com.
- Philip Authier (13 January 2012). "Pauline Marois blasts former PQ MNA Francois Rebello". Montreal Gazette. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- Canadian Press (22 January 2012). "Coalition for Quebec's Future, ADQ finalize merger". CTV News. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- Biggs, XiBit (22 January 2012). "Merger uniting new Coalition for Quebec's Future with ADQ a done deal". Global News. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- Kevin Dougherty (23 January 2012). "CAQ leader François Legault shows off party executive, 'ideal candidate'". Montreal Gazette. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- Canadian Press (5 August 2012). "Quebec anti-corruption crusader Duchesneau confirms run for CAQ". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 5 August 2012.
- TAKING ACTION FOR THE FUTURE — Action plan presented by the Coalition pour l’avenir du Québec. November 14, 2011.