Coalville, Utah

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Coalville, Utah
City
Coalville Main Street, 2008
Coalville Main Street, 2008
Location of Coalville, Utah
Location of Coalville, Utah
Coordinates: 40°55′2″N 111°23′54″W / 40.91722°N 111.39833°W / 40.91722; -111.39833Coordinates: 40°55′2″N 111°23′54″W / 40.91722°N 111.39833°W / 40.91722; -111.39833
Country United States
State Utah
County Summit
Founded 1859
Named for Coal
Area
 • Total 3.3 sq mi (8.4 km2)
 • Land 2.9 sq mi (7.4 km2)
 • Water 0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2)
Elevation 5,577 ft (1,700 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total 1,398
 • Density 483.9/sq mi (186.8/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 84017
Area code(s) 435
FIPS code 49-14840[1]
GNIS feature ID 1426770[2]

Coalville is a city in Summit County, Utah, United States. It is part of the Salt Lake City, Utah Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 1,382 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Summit County.[3] Interstate 80 runs through the town, as well as the Weber River which runs into the Echo Reservoir just north of Coalville.

History[edit]

Coalville circa 1879

Coalville was founded in 1859 by William Henderson Smith, an early Mormon freighter. He noticed that wheat spilled by other wagons moving through the area would grow to maturity. He subsequently convinced four families to settle in the area with him.[4] The settlement was originally called Chalk Creek.

Early life in Chalk Creek was difficult, and during winters the settlers dealt with a constant scarcity of food. When food ran out, they would travel to Salt Lake City for supplies. The local Native Americans were also hostile for a time, and the settlers built a fort on advice of Brigham Young.[5]

In 1854 the territorial government in Utah offered a $1000 reward to anyone who could find coal within 40 miles of Salt Lake City. Four years later, Thomas Rhodes found a coal vein in the Chalk Creek area, and coal mining began in earnest.[6] Hundreds of tons of coal were shipped to Salt Lake City, and soon a narrow gauge railroad was built.[7] The settlement was renamed Coalville as a result of this early success mining coal.

The Thomas L. Allen House in Coalville is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography and climate[edit]

Coalville City Hall

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.3 square miles (8.5 km2), of which 2.9 square miles (7.5 km2) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) (12.27%) is water.

Coalville has a high-altitude humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb), characterised by extreme diurnal temperature ranges that range from extremely cold winter nights to hot afternoons in the summer. However, the high altitude and low humidity means that mornings in summer remain very cool, and frosts have occasionally occurred even in July. Precipitation is moderate throughout the year, though with a minimum in summer, and snowfall is generally heavy due to the very cold nights between November and March, with a median of 60.1 inches (1.53 m) for the year.

Climate data for Coalville, Utah (1971 to 2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 60
(16)
68
(20)
76
(24)
84
(29)
91
(33)
99
(37)
100
(38)
100
(38)
95
(35)
86
(30)
77
(25)
65
(18)
100
(38)
Average high °F (°C) 36.0
(2.2)
41.7
(5.4)
50.5
(10.3)
59.2
(15.1)
69.0
(20.6)
78.9
(26.1)
86.0
(30)
84.3
(29.1)
76.1
(24.5)
64.6
(18.1)
48.1
(8.9)
37.2
(2.9)
60.97
(16.1)
Average low °F (°C) 11.2
(−11.6)
14.4
(−9.8)
22.4
(−5.3)
27.5
(−2.5)
34.3
(1.3)
40.3
(4.6)
45.9
(7.7)
44.3
(6.8)
36.5
(2.5)
27.3
(−2.6)
19.7
(−6.8)
12.1
(−11.1)
27.99
(−2.23)
Record low °F (°C) −30
(−34)
−33
(−36)
−20
(−29)
10
(−12)
15
(−9)
26
(−3)
31
(−1)
24
(−4)
14
(−10)
5
(−15)
−17
(−27)
−27
(−33)
−33
(−36)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.31
(33.3)
1.07
(27.2)
1.62
(41.1)
1.84
(46.7)
2.02
(51.3)
1.13
(28.7)
1.00
(25.4)
1.08
(27.4)
1.37
(34.8)
1.61
(40.9)
1.62
(41.1)
1.15
(29.2)
16.82
(427.1)
Snowfall inches (cm) 14.4
(36.6)
14.6
(37.1)
11.1
(28.2)
4.9
(12.4)
2.3
(5.8)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.4
(1)
1.8
(4.6)
9.4
(23.9)
11.7
(29.7)
70.7
(179.6)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 9.9 8.6 10.4 9.5 10.5 5.8 6.4 6.7 7.0 7.1 8.8 8.4 99.1
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 inch) 5.0 4.3 3.7 1.7 0.5 0 0 0 0.1 0.6 3.0 4.1 23
Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 626
1880 911 45.5%
1890 1,166 28.0%
1900 808 −30.7%
1910 976 20.8%
1920 771 −21.0%
1930 938 21.7%
1940 949 1.2%
1950 850 −10.4%
1960 907 6.7%
1970 864 −4.7%
1980 1,031 19.3%
1990 1,065 3.3%
2000 1,382 29.8%
2010 1,363 −1.4%
Est. 2012 1,398 2.6%

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,382 people, 465 households, and 371 families residing in the city. The population density was 483.9 people per square mile (186.8/km2). There were 495 housing units at an average density of 173.3 per square mile (66.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.13% White, 0.07% African American, 0.80% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 4.92% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.87% of the population.

There were 465 households out of which 47.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.6% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.2% were non-families. 18.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.41.

In the city the population was spread out with 33.8% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 15.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 104.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,342, and the median income for a family was $43,929. Males had a median income of $32,727 versus $20,833 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,830. About 5.9% of families and 8.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.9% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Coalville is home to North Summit School District which consists of North Summit High School, Middle School, and Elementary School. The North Summit High School's mascot is the Brave and the school colors are Purple and Gold. The Brave came from the large population of Shoshone Indians that lived in the North Summit valley.

Economy[edit]

Most residents of the Coalville area pursue careers in farming, construction, small local business, or commute to the Wasatch Front. Primarily farmers in the area have raised cattle (beef and dairy cows), sheep, and mink. Farmers also raise a variety of crops such as alfalfa and wheat.

Locally small businesses serve the population. There are two primary grocery stores with small gas/grocery stores serving the peripheral areas. The primary source of local jobs come in the form of construction with local construction companies.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Utah Guide to the State - American Guide Series, Hastings House Publishers 1941, pg 367 - as quoted at http://www.co.summit.ut.us/history/coalville/coalville.html
  5. ^ Thompson, Norma Eileen Pyper, A Community Study of Coalville, Utah 1859-1914, pg 18 - as quoted at http://www.co.summit.ut.us/history/coalville/coalville.html
  6. ^ Thompson, Norma Eileen Pyper, A Community Study of Coalville, Utah 1859-1914, pg 42 and 47 - as quoted at http://www.co.summit.ut.us/history/coalville/coalville.html
  7. ^ Peterson, Marie Ross and Pearson, Mary M. , Echoes of Yesterday, Daughters of Utah Pioneers of Summit County 1947, pg 89 - as quoted at http://www.co.summit.ut.us/history/coalville/coalville.html
  8. ^ "Climatic Averages for the United States 1971–2000: COALVILLE, UT". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-04-06. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Coalville, Utah at Wikimedia Commons