Coast Daylight

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Daylight Limited
Coast Daylight
4449idle.jpg
SP 4449 standing idle under steam, waiting to start Christmas excursion, December 13, 2005
Overview
First service April 28, 1922
Last service May 19, 1974
Successor Coast Starlight
Former operator(s) Southern Pacific
Amtrak

The Coast Daylight, originally known as the Daylight Limited, was a passenger train on the Southern Pacific Railroad (SP) between Los Angeles and San Francisco, California, via SP's Coast Line. In the eyes of many the "most beautiful passenger train in the world," it carried a stunning red, orange, and black color scheme. The train operated from 1937 until 1974, one of the few passenger trains retained by Amtrak in 1971. Amtrak merged it with the Coast Starlight in 1974.

History[edit]

Southern Pacific[edit]

The Daylight on Horseshoe Curve

The Southern Pacific introduced the Daylight Limited on April 28, 1922. The train operated on a 13-hour schedule between San Francisco and Los Angeles, running on Fridays and Saturdays only. In 1922 and 1923 the train ran seasonally, beginning in April and ending in November. Daily operation began in July, 1923. The SP shortened the running time to 12 hours for the 1924 season. Until the late 1920s it made no intermediate stops (except for servicing), the longest nonstop run in the world at that time. Its 12-hour schedule was two hours better than any other train on its route.[1]

The streamlined Daylight began on March 21, 1937, pulled by GS-2 steam locomotives on a 9 34-hour schedule. It was the first of the Daylight series that later included the San Joaquin Daylight, Shasta Daylight, Sacramento Daylight, and Sunbeam.

By 30 June 1939 the streamlined Daylights had carried 268.6 million passenger-miles on 781,141 train-miles for an average occupancy of 344 passengers.

The Coast Daylight ran behind steam until January 7, 1955, long after most streamliners had been powered by diesel.

A second train, the Noon Daylight, ran the same route 1940-42 and 1946-49 with a suspension during World War II. The original Coast Daylight became the Morning Daylight during this time.

In 1949 the Noon Daylight was replaced by the overnight Starlight using the same equipment. In 1956 coaches from the Starlight were added to the all-Pullman Lark and the Starlight was discontinued in 1957. Amtrak later revived the name for its Los Angeles to Seattle service known as the Coast Starlight.

Amtrak[edit]

The Coast Starlight at Alviso in 1972.
Main article: Coast Starlight

The Coast Daylight was one of the trains retained by Amtrak when it commenced operation of most intercity passenger trains in the United States on May 1, 1971. It changed the northern terminus from San Francisco to Oakland, ending intercity service to San Francisco. The train ran quad-weekly. The other three days of the week an extended Cascade, soon to be renamed the Coast Starlight, operated between San Diego and Seattle via Oakland. Amtrak marketed this dual operation as Coast Daylight-Starlight. On November 14, 1971, Amtrak extended the Coast Daylight '​s southern terminus from Los Angeles to San Diego. The Los Angeles–San Diego through-running ended the following April, replaced by a third San Diegan. In June 1973 Amtrak began running the combined Coast Daylight-Starlight daily. Positive response led to Amtrak to retain this service, and the Coast Daylight name was dropped on May 19, 1974.[2]

Amtrak has worked on plans for resuming Coast Daylight service from San Francisco to Los Angeles since the late 1990s. It may be merged with the existing Pacific Surfliner route, thus extending the line to San Diego. More specific plans have been made in the last few years.[1] The latest review of the possibility of service restoration as made on August 14, 2014, the San Luis Obispo Council of Governments (SLOCOG) organized and hosted a meeting between the Los Angeles – San Diego – San Luis Obispo (LOSSAN) Rail Corridor Agency and the Coast Rail Coordinating Council (CRCC), where substantial progress was made toward identifying which specific policy initiatives would be given priority so that restoration of the Coast Daylight service might be effectuated before the end of the decade.[2]

Legacy[edit]

On August 26, 1999 the United States Postal Service issued 33¢ All Aboard! 20th Century American Trains commemorative stamps showing five celebrated American passenger trains from the 1930s and 1940s. One of the stamps showed a GS-4 steam locomotive pulling the red-and-orange train along the coast.

The train is the subject of the documentary, Daylight: The Most Beautiful Train in the World hosted by Michael Gross. The documentary shows early color images and color films from within the train and as it travels along its route. Passengers reminisce about their travels, about the coastal scenery, and about the amenities. The narrative is accompanied by collection of contemporaneous photographs and films, including personal black-and-white films showing life aboard the train.

The documentary covers 1937 to 1971, the period when the trains were run by the Southern Pacific. It begins with the train being ordered in 1935 in spite of the depression, entering service in 1937, operating through World War II, replacing steam locomotives with diesel power in the 1950s, and finally the demise of the train. After World War II declining revenues forced SP to cut costs.

One change was the elimination of the dining cars in the 1960s, replaced by Automat cars that offered food from vending machines instead of made-to-order meals in the dining cars, cutting the cost of the train's dining crew. This continued until 1971 when Amtrak took over and extended the route north to Portland and Seattle.

Equipment used[edit]

Passenger cars[edit]

A typical 1946 train:

  • Baggage Chair Car Combine
  • Articulated Chair Car (Pair)
  • Articulated Chair Car (Pair)
  • Articulated Chair Car (Pair)
  • Articulated Dining Car (Triple Unit, consisting of a Coffee Shop car, Kitchen car, and Dining Room car)
  • Chair Car
  • Articulated Chair Car (Pair)
  • Articulated Chair Car (Pair)
  • Chair Car
  • Tavern Car
  • Parlor Car
  • Parlor Observation Car

20 cars was the maximum consist.

A typical 1970 train:

  • Baggage Car
  • Chair Car
  • Chair Car
  • Chair Car
  • Automat Car
  • Chair Car
  • Observation Chair Car

Gallery[edit]

Locomotives[edit]

Two Coast Daylight locomotives survive: Southern Pacific 4449, a GS-4 steam locomotive which was a Bicentennial American Freedom Train engine in 1975-76, and Southern Pacific 6051, an EMD E9 diesel locomotive.

Steam Locomotives
Class Wheel arrangement
(Whyte notation)
Locomotive Numbers Years of Daylight Service Retired Current Disposition
GS-2 4-8-4 4410–4415 1937–1941 1956 No survivors
GS-3 4-8-4 4416–4429 1938–1942 1957 No survivors
GS-4 4-8-4 4430–4457 1941–1955 1958 One survives; 4449
GS-5 4-8-4 4458 & 4459 1942–1955 1958 No survivors
Diesel Locomotives
Builder Model Locomotive Numbers Years of Daylight Service Retired Current Disposition
ALCO PA 6005–6016, 6019–6045, 6055–6068 (A units);

5910–5915, 5918–5924 (B units)

1953–1968 1968 No survivors
EMD E7 6000–6004, 6017 (A units);

5900–5909, 5916 & 5917 (B units)

1953–1968 1968 6002 on The California Limited in 1991, & 93
EMD E8 6018 1954–1968 1968 6018 on The New/Improved California Limited in 1991, & 93!
EMD E9 6046–6054 1954–1971 1971 One survives; 6051
EMD FP7 6446–6462 1953–1971; All but 6462 sold to Amtrak in 1971 Early 1980s (with Amtrak) 6462 on The California Limited in 1991, & 1993 like Santa Fe FP45 #95 was once and will be again and also to be assigned to pull the returning super chief
EMD SDP45 3200–3209 1967–1971; leased by Amtrak until 1974 Early 1990s No survivors

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Solomon 2005, pp. 32-33
  2. ^ Goldberg 1981, pp. 16-17

References[edit]

  • DeNevi, Don (1996). America's Fighting Railroads: A World War II Pictorial History. Pictorial Histories Publishing Company, Inc., Missoula, MT. ISBN 1-57510-001-0. 
  • Goldberg, Bruce (1981). Amtrak--the first decade. Silver Spring, MD: Alan Books. OCLC 7925036. 
  • Solomon, Brian (2005). Southern Pacific Passenger Trains. St. Paul, MN: MBI. ISBN 0-7603-1795-X. OCLC 56924935. 
  • Wright, Richard K. (1970). Southern Pacific Daylight: Train 98-99. RKW Publications, Sparks, NV. 

External links[edit]