Coat of arms of Nova Scotia

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The Coat of Arms of Nova Scotia
Coat of arms of Nova Scotia.svg
Versions
Arms of Nova Scotia.svg
Shield
Crest of the Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia.svg
Arms of the Nova Scotia House of Assembly.svg
Arms of the House of Assembly
Details
Armiger Elizabeth II in Right of Nova Scotia
Adopted 1625, readopted 1929
Crest On a wreath of the colours, a branch of laurel and a thistle issuing from two hands conjoined the one being armed and the other naked all proper.
Escutcheon Argent a cross of St. Andrew Azure charged with an escutcheon of the Royal Arms of Scotland.
Supporters On the dexter an Unicorn Argent armed crined and unguled Or, and gorged with a Coronet composed of crosses patee and fleurs-de-lis, a chain affixed thereto passing through the forelegs and reflexed over the back Gold. And on the sinister a Savage holding in the exterior hand an arrow.
Compartment Grass with the trailing arbutus or mayflower, the floral emblem of Nova Scotia.
Motto MUNIT HAEC ET ALTERA VINCIT
One defends and the other conquers
Earlier versions Or, on a fess wavy azure a salmon between three thistles slipped and leaved proper. (In use from 1867 to 1929)

The coat of arms of the province of Nova Scotia is the oldest provincial achievement of arms in Canada, and the oldest British coat of arms outside Great Britain. It was granted in 1625 by King Charles I for the first Scottish colony on the Canadian mainland. The arms were also borne by the Baronets of Nova Scotia, a chivalric order.

They fell out of use when Nova Scotia joined the Confederation in 1867, but were restored in 1929.

History[edit]

Old coat of arms of Nova Scotia

The arms were originally granted in 1625 by King Charles I[1] as part of a Scottish settlement attempt in Nova Scotia led by Sir William Alexander.[2] The arms of Nova Scotia were in use until the mid 19th century. The old arms having been overlooked by Confederation in 1867, a new coat of arms was prepared the following year. This had a salmon on a blue band between three thistles, on a gold field. When the old coat of arms was rediscovered, pressure to restore it grew, and it was reassumed in 1929, with the newer coat being abandoned. The original coat of arms was augmented with a compartment upon the issue of the new Warrant in 1929.[3]

The 1867–1929 shield may be blazoned Or, on a fess wavy azure between three thistles slipped and leaved a salmon proper.

Symbolism[edit]

Crest
Shield of 1867–1929

Crest

Two hands, one naked and the other clad in armour, holding a thistle, representing Scotland, and laurel, representing peace.[2]

Shield

The shield, a blue saltire on a white field, is a simple reversal of the Scottish flag (a white saltire, Saint Andrew's cross, on a blue field). It is also charged with an inescutcheon bearing the Royal arms of Scotland; a gold shield with a red rampant lion in a double border decorated with fleurs de lis.

Compartment

The compartment includes thistles as well as the trailing arbutus or mayflower, the floral emblem of Nova Scotia, added when the arms were reassumed in 1929.

Supporters

The supporters are the unicorn from the royal arms of Scotland which is now borne by the British monarchy, and a member of the Mi'kmaq First Nation indigenous to Nova Scotia, who in the heraldic language of the 17th century was blazoned a "savage."

Motto

Munit haec et altera vincit: One [hand] defends and the other conquers, placed above the shield in the Scottish tradition.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nova Scotia". Patrimoine canadien / Canadian Heritage. Retrieved 2 December 2008. 
  2. ^ a b "Nova Scotia/Nouvelle-Ecosse – Coat-of-Arms/Le blason". Government of Nova Scotia. Retrieved 31 October 2008. 
  3. ^ a b "Arms of Canada's Provinces and Territories". Royal Heraldry Society of Canada. Retrieved 31 October 2008. 

External links[edit]