Coat of arms of Berlin
|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. (March 2009)|
|Coat of arms of Berlin|
|Armiger||City of Berlin|
|Crest||A city coronet Or with five leaves and a gate|
|Escutcheon||Argent a bear rampant Sable langued and armed Gules|
|Use||The state logo may be used by the general public while the coat of arms proper is only eligible for use with authorities.|
The coat of arms of Berlin is used by the German city state as well as the city itself. On top of the shield is a special crown, created by the amalgamation of the mural crown of a city with the so called people's crown (Volkskrone), used in Germany to denote a republic. Berlin's various boroughs use their own emblems.
The bear was for many centuries only the charge in one out of three fields in the shield, the others displaying the eagles of Brandenburg and Prussia, respectively.
When more and more cities were being founded in the 12th and 13th centuries, cities wanted official seals to seal official documents such as covenants or orders. Often, the seals incorporated heraldic charges, which soon led to coats of arms being adopted for cities. A seal or coat of arms was usually awarded by the sovereign.
Medieval Berlin and neighbouring Cölln (not to be confused with Cologne) as well as the surrounding cities of the Margraviate of Brandenburg were governed by the Brandenburg Margraves, whose symbol was the red eagle. The oldest preserved and known seal of Berlin is from 1253. It depicts the Brandenburg Eagle spreading its wings in a clover-shaped archway. The text on the seal is SIGILLVM DE BERLIN BVRGENSIVM (seal of Berlin's citizens). It supposedly was the seal of Berlin's first mayor Marsilius.
The usual coat of arms, in use in different styles until the year 1920, showed the Prussian eagle in the first field, the eagle of Brandenburg in the second field and the bear in the third field.
Berlin’s citizens, however, wanted their own symbol and coat of arms. How or why they chose the bear remains unknown. Most likely they were thinking of Albrecht I, nicknamed "the bear", who is considered to have been the conqueror and founder of the Margraviate of Brandenburg. Another possibility is that Berliners decided on canting arms since the first syllable of Berlin sounds like "Bär" (bear), although the two are not etymologically related. In medieval times canting arms, arms which displayed a charge correspondent to the name, were a favorite; people tried to depict names by use of phonetically similar symbols or rebuses. The real connection between the name and the charge didn't matter much. The name "Berlin" was created when Slavic tribes settled in the area and is an old Slavic name meaning "place at the swamp" or "in a swampy area". Actually, a pearl may have been a more likely choice for canting arms given that the Middle High German word for pearl is "berle". Middle High German was the language spoken at the time and, indeed, pearls were often used in coats of arms.
To enable civilians and non-governmental institutions to express their affinity with Berlin, the Senate of the Interior and Sports provided a logo which features the arms' shield without the crown in black and white or coloured versions.
The coat of arms was laid down in a law of 1954:
§ 1 (1) The coat of arms shows on a silver (white) shield, a black bear rampant with tongue and claws in red. On the shield rests a golden five leaved crest coronet, whose tiara of brickwork is provided with a gate in the center. ... § 4 Decisive for the design of the state’s coat of arms, the state’s flag... are the patterns, added to this law. According to the state’s coat of arms, an artistic design is reserved to special purposes.—Federal Government, Law on the State Symbols of the State of Berlin of 13 May 1954 (GVBl. S. 289) 
Symbol of Berlin
|This section requires expansion. (September 2013)|
The bear has become the symbol of Berlin.
- Flag of Berlin
- Berolina, personification of Berlin
- Origin of the coats of arms of German federal states
- Senatsverwaltung für Inneres und Sport. "Der Bär im Berliner Wappen - ein geschichtlicher Abriss". Retrieved 2007-10-11.
- Gesetz über die Hoheitszeichen des Landes Berlin
-  "Berlin: A Divided City"
- This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.
Media related to Coats of arms of Berlin at Wikimedia Commons