Coat of arms of Bremen
|Coat of arms of Bremen|
Middle coat of arms of Bremen
Lesser arms of Bremen
|Armiger||Free Hanseatic City of Bremen|
|Crest||A leaf coronet of five.|
|Escutcheon||Gules, a key Argent|
|Supporters||Two lions rampant reguardant Or, langued Gules|
|Compartment||A postament Or|
From the Bremen Official Website:
- The Coat-of-Arms of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen shows a silver key on a red shield. The key is the attribute of Simon Petrus, patron saint of the Bremen Cathedral, and it was first represented in the seal of the City of Bremen in 1366, after its liberation from the occupation by Prince-Archbishop Albert II, and later became the main element of the city's coat-of-arms.
Officially, the coat of arms was confirmed by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1811. This is the only coat of arms featuring the historical colours of Bremen, and the three bees, symbols of the Napoleonic Empire as part of the tradition of the Franks. Representations of bees were 1653 in the grave of Erich I. They are meant to act as a symbol of France's oldest and stand for immortality and rebirth. It was therefore a great honor when Napoleon gave the bees to the city, in the red and gold colours of his family.
Before and after the Napoleonic era, the red and white colours of the Hanseatic cities were more important, starting in the 16th century. At this time, the shield was supported by angels, but from 1568, however, they were replaced by lions. In 1617 a helmet was added, but it was never officially part of the coat of arms. The crown on the coat of arms dates from the late 16th century.