Coat of arms of British Columbia

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The Arms of British Columbia
Coat of Arms of British Columbia.png
Versions
Crest of the Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia.svg
Great Seal of BC.jpg
The Great Seal of British Columbia
Details
Armiger Elizabeth II in Right of British Columbia
Adopted 1906, augmented 1987
Crest Upon a helm with a wreath argent and gules the royal crest of general purpose of our royal predecessor Queen Victoria differenced for us and our successors in right of British Columbia with the lion thereof garlanded about the neck with the provincial flower that is to say the pacific dogwood (Cornus nuttalli) with leaves all proper mantled gules doubled argent.
Escutcheon Argent, 3 bars wavy azure, issuant from the base a demi-sun in splendour proper, on a chief, the Union Device charged in the centre point with an antique crown Or
Supporters On the dexter side, a wapiti stag (Cervus canadensis) proper and on the sinister side a bighorn sheep ram (Ovis canadensis) argent armed and unguled Or.
Compartment Beneath the shield a scroll entwined with pacific dogwood flowers slipped and leaved proper inscribed with the motto assigned by the said warrant of our royal predecessor King Edward VII that is to say "Splendor sine occasu".
Motto SPLENDOR SINE OCCASU
Splendour without diminishment

The original coat of arms of British Columbia, also known as the Arms of Her Majesty in right of British Columbia,[1] was granted to British Columbia by a Royal Warrant of King Edward VII on 31 March 1906.[2] A banner of arms comprises the provincial flag.

History[edit]

The royal crest of British Columbia.

The first heraldic provincial symbol was the Great Seal of the province, being the royal crest of the crowned lion upon the imperial crown as was the usual practice for British colonies, but with the letters "BC" added. This was used upon British Columbia joining Confederation.[1]

The first coat of arms of the province was created by Canon Arthur Beanlands of Victoria, whose version was similar to the modern one: "The union device of Great Britain and Ireland: on a chief barry undée argent and azure, a setting sun in base Or."[3] This coat was adopted by Order-in-Council 268 July 19, 1895, as the Arms and Great Seal of the Province per the authority inferred from Section 136 of the British North America Act. Upon the Order in Council, the motto of the province is typeset incorrectly as "Spendor Sine Occasu" which is one of several hand-made corrections and deletions upon the instrument.

While the design of the Great Seal was a provincial prerogative, coats of arms were (and are) honours granted by the Sovereign. The province attempted to register the design with the English College of Arms in 1897, but was unable to do so for several reasons. First among them was the use of the royal crest, which is the exclusive right of the sovereign and could not be granted to another entity even as a sign of utmost loyalty to the Queen. The heralds objected to the placement of the Union Flag in an inferior position on the shield (conflicting with the popular slogan, "The sun never sets on the British Empire"). The use of supporters, a high honour, was considered presumptuous, as no other province had been granted such a privilege.[1]

The shield only (with the positions of the Union Flag and setting sun reversed, and with the antique crown added), along with the motto, was granted in 1906. The achievement of arms was augmented with a crest, supporters, and compartment granted by Queen Elizabeth II, on 15 October 1987.[1][2]

The arms rendered in stained glass in the provincial parliament building in Victoria

Symbolism[edit]

Coat of arms with motto Splendor Sine Occasu posted on wall inside legislature building

Crest

The crest is the Queen's royal crest (a gold lion statant gardant—standing on all fours and facing the viewer—wearing the royal crown), differenced with a garland of Pacific Dogwood, the provincial flower.

Shield

The shield features a Union Flag in chief, with a crown (known heraldically as an antique crown) at its centre. In base it has the sun setting into the ocean, representing the province's location on the Pacific.

Compartment

The compartment is a garland of Pacific Dogwood.

Supporters

The supporters are an wapiti (also known as elk) stag and a bighorn sheep. The wapiti of Vancouver Island and the bighorn sheep of the mainland of the province symbolize the union of the two colonies which united to form British Columbia in 1866.

Motto

The motto Splendor Sine Occasu, is Latin and refers to the idea of the sun never setting over the British Empire. "Occasus" (the form 'occasu' is the ablative, required after the preposition "sine") literally means a "setting" or a "going down", such as of the sun, and by extension can refer to "the west". While one can translate the phrase to mean "splendour without diminishment", in combination with the geographical position of British Columbia (in the far west of the former British Empire), the setting sun shown on the shield, and the old concept of the sun never setting over the Empire, the motto should be understood to express the idea "a shining without a sunset".[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Watt, Robert D. "Ministries > Intergovernmental Relations Secretariat > Official Symbols > The Coat of Arms of British Columbia: A Brief History". Queen's Printer for British Columbia. Retrieved 8 January 2011. 
  2. ^ a b Canada Heritage (March 2003). "Ceremonial and Canadian Symbols across Canada". Retrieved 2 September 2008. 
  3. ^ BC Order in Council 268/1895

External links[edit]