Coat of arms of Egypt
|Coat of arms of Egypt|
|Armiger||Arab Republic of Egypt|
|Escutcheon||Tierced per pale gules, argent, and sable|
|Supporters||The Eagle of Saladin inverted and displayed|
|Motto||Arabic: جمهورية مصر العربية
(Gumhūriyyat Miṣr al-ʿArabiyyah, "Arab Republic of Egypt")
The "Eagle of Saladin" holds a scroll on which the name of the state appears in Arabic script, Gumhūriyyat Miṣr al-ʿArabiyyah ("Arab Republic of Egypt"). The eagle carries on its breast a shield with the flag's colors — but with a vertical instead of a horizontal configuration. When appearing on the national flag, the eagle is rendered entirely in gold and white. During the union with Syria in the United Arab Republic (1958–1961), and in the ten years afterwards when Egypt retained the union's official name, the two green stars of the union's flag appeared in the white band of the eagle's shield. Between 1972–1984 the eagle was replaced by the golden Hawk of Quraish, as part of the symbolism of the Federation of Arab Republics.
The eagle as a symbol of Saladin is disputed by archeologists. The symbol of an eagle was found on the west wall of the Cairo Citadel (constructed by Saladin), and so is assumed by many to be his personal symbol. There is, however, little proof to defend this. It was subsequently adopted as a symbol of Arab nationalism by Iraq, Palestine, and Yemen (and formerly by Libya).
Coat of arms of the Sultanate of Egypt (1914–1922)
Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Egypt (1922–1953)
Coat of arms of the United Arab Republic (1958–1971)
Coat of arms of Egypt within the Federation of Arab Republics, and during the seven years after the Federation's dissolution (1972–1984)
A version of the coat of arms as it appears on the Flag of Egypt
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Coats of arms of Egypt.|
- el Ansary, Nasser (2001). "L'emblème de l'État égyptien" [The emblem of the Egyptian State]. L'Encyclopédie des souverains d'Égypte des pharaons à nos jours [The Encyclopedia of rulers of Egypt from the Pharaohs until today] (in French). Alleur: Éditions du Perron. pp. 138–141. ISBN 978-2-87114-173-0. OCLC 48965345.
- "Historical coats of arms of Egypt" (PDF, 7.63 MB) (in Arabic). Egypt State Information Service. Retrieved 2010-07-13.