Coat of arms of Iceland

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Coat of arms of Iceland
Skjaldarmerki Íslands
Coat of arms of Iceland.svg
Details
Armiger Republic of Iceland
Adopted 1 July 1944
Escutcheon Azure, a cross gules fimbriated argent
Supporters Landvættir: A bull (Griðungur), a rock giant (Bergrisi), a griffin (Gammur), and a dragon (Dreki)
Compartment Pahoehoe lava block
Coat of arms of the President of Iceland
Forsetaskjaldarmerki
Coat of arms of the President of Iceland.svg
Details
Armiger President of Iceland
Adopted 1944
Escutcheon Azure, a cross gules fimbriated argent, charged with a white square with the full achievement of the national coat of arms.

The coat of arms of Iceland displays a silver-edged, red cross on blue shield (blazoned: Azure, on a cross argent a cross gules.). This alludes to the design of the Icelandic flag. The supporters are the four protectors of Iceland (landvættir) standing on a pahoehoe lava block.[citation needed] The bull (Griðungur) is the protector of southwestern Iceland, the eagle or griffin (Gammur) protects northwestern Iceland, the dragon (Dreki) protects the northeastern part, and the rock-giant (Bergrisi) is the protector of southeastern Iceland. Great respect was given to these creatures of Iceland, so much that there was a law during the time of the Vikings that no ship should bear grimacing symbols (most often dragonheads on the bow of the ship) when approaching Iceland. This was so the protectors would not be provoked unnecessarily.[1]

The landvættir (“land wights”) also decorate the obverse (front) of the Icelandic króna coins, but animals of the ocean (fish, crabs, and dolphins) appear on the reverse (back). The Icelandic presidency uses a swallowtailed Icelandic flag with the coat of arms. The National Commissioner of the Icelandic Police uses a white flag with the coat of arms, when the use of the State flag is not warranted, and some other state services do as well.

History[edit]

Iceland has historically had various distinct coats of arms:

  • The first one is believed to have been a shield with six blue stripes and six silver stripes, possibly signifying the 12 þings of the Icelandic Commonwealth.
  • The second one is believed to be the one that was given to Earl Gissur Þorvaldsson by the King of Norway, Hákon Hákonarson, in 1258. It was patterned on the King's own coat of arms, exchanging the colors of the shield with the color of the lion and adding the blue and silver stripes of the previous coat of arms.
  • Circa 1500, the Icelandic coat of arms became a crowned stockfish on a red shield. It is known as the Þorskmerkið (“the cod markings”) and the fish was depicted occasionally in a variant form.
  • On October 3, 1903, the coat of arms of Iceland was changed to a white falcon on a blue shield. It remained in use until the first version of the coat of arms with the landvættir became official on February 12, 1919, representing the Kingdom of Iceland under Danish rule. This lasted until Iceland declared independence.[2]
  • When independence was declared on June 17, 1944, the coat of arms was redesigned; removing the Danish crown and improving upon the earlier design of the landvættir.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History". Icelandic Coat of Arms. Reykjavik: Prime Minister's Office. Retrieved 2009-05-22
  2. ^ Prime Ministry of Iceland. "Ágrip af sögu skjaldarmerkis Íslands (en. History of Iceland's Coat of Arms)". Prime Ministry of Iceland. Retrieved 2012-01-04. 

External links[edit]