Emblem of Mozambique

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Emblem of Mozambique
Emblem of Mozambique.svg
Details
Armiger Republic of Mozambique
Adopted 1990
Crest Red star
Escutcheon The emblem of the Republic of Mozambique shall contain as its central elements a book, a gun and a hoe, superimposed on a map of Mozambique. Below the map the ocean shall be represented. In the center shall be the rising sun. Enclosing all this shall be a toothed wheel. Surrounding the toothed wheel there shall be, to the right and left respectively, an ear of maize and a piece of sugar cane. At the bottom there shall be a red strip with the inscription bearing the name of the country in Portuguese.
Motto República de Moçambique
"Republic of Mozambique"

The national emblem of Mozambique, which was adopted in 1990 in the Constitution of Mozambique article 194. The Article clearly states the design and meaning of the device. It shows a gear wheel, bordered by corn stalks and sugarcane. In the middle there is a red sun over a map of Mozambique in green, and blue waves, an AK-47 crossed with a hoe, and a book. The wreath is tied with a ribbon bearing the name of the country.

As described in the Mozambican constitution article 194,[1] the various parts of the emblem have a special symbolism, i.e.

  • the corn stalk and the sugar cane represent agricultural wealth
  • the cog wheel represents labor and industry
  • the book represents education
  • the hoe for "peasantry and agriculture production"
  • the AK-47 for "defense and vigilance"
  • the red star represents socialism, but is quoted in the Mozambican constitution to "symbolize the spirit of international solidarity of the Mozambican people".
  • the red sun symbolizes the building of a new life

Historical coats of arms[edit]

References[edit]

Article 194 The emblem of the Republic of Mozambique shall contain as its central elements a book, a gun and a hoe, superimposed on a map of Mozambique, representing, respectively, education, defense and vigilance, and the peasantry and agricultural production. Below the map the ocean shall be represented. In the center shall be the rising sun, symbol of the building of a new life. Enclosing all this shall be a toothed wheel, symbolizing labor and industry. Surrounding the toothed wheel there shall be, to the right and left respectively, an ear of maize and a piece of sugar cane, symbolizing agricultural wealth. At the bottom there shall be a red strip with the inscription "Republic of Mozambique."