Coat of arms of New York
|Coat of arms of the State of New York|
Great Seal of the State of New York
|Armiger||State of New York|
|Adopted||1778 (Seal and CoA)|
|Supporters||Liberty and Justice|
|Use||Civil and state flag|
|Variant flag of Flag of the State of New York|
|Name||Flag of the Governor of New York|
The coat of arms of New York is the coat of arms used by the State of New York. The flag of the State of New York is the coat of arms on a solid-blue background. The state seal of New York is the coat of arms surrounded by the words "The Great Seal of the State of New York."
The coat of arms was officially adopted in 1778. It depicts two supporters:
- Left: Liberty, with the Revolutionary imagery of a Phrygian cap raised on a pole. Her left foot treads upon a crown that represents freedom from the British monarchy that once ruled what is now New York as a colony.
- Right: blindfolded Justice, with scales and sword.
The unheraldic nature of the Hudson River landscape reveals the modern origin of the coat-of-arms. The crest is an eagle surmounting a world globe. The two ships represent inland and foreign commerce, both of which are important for the state of New York.
The motto Excelsior is a Latin word meaning “higher”, “superior”, “lordly”, and is commonly translated as “Ever Upward.”
A banner below shows the New York State motto (Excelsior, Latin for Ever Upward).
The center shield displays a masted ship and a sloop on the Hudson River river (symbols of inland and foreign commerce), bordered by a grassy shore and a mountain range in the background with the sun rising behind it.
Liberty and Justice support the shield and an American eagle spreads its wings above on a world globe. Liberty's left foot treads on a crown (a symbol of freedom from the Kingdom of Great Britain). Justice is blindfolded and holds a sword in one hand and a scale in the other, symbolizing impartiality and fairness.
The official blazon for the coat of arms is:
- Supporters. On a quasi compartment formed by the extension of the scroll.
- Dexter. The figure of Liberty proper, her hair disheveled and decorated with pearls, vested azure, sandaled gules, about the waist a cincture or, fringed gules, a mantle of the last depending from the shoulders behind to the feet, in the dexter hand a staff ensigned with a Phrygian cap or, the sinister arm embowed, the hand supporting the shield at the dexter chief point, a royal crown by her sinister foot dejected.
- Sinister. The figure of Justice proper, her hair disheveled and decorated with pearls, vested or, about the waist a cincture azure, fringed gules, sandaled and mantled as Liberty, bound about the eyes with a fillet proper, in the dexter hand a straight sword hilted or, erect, resting on the sinister chief point of the shield, the sinister arm embowed, holding before her her scales proper.
The coat of arms of the state flag was adopted in 1778 and the present flag is a modern version of a Revolutionary War flag. The original is at the Albany Institute of History & Art.
In 2001, the North American Vexillological Association surveyed its members on the designs of the 72 U.S. state, U.S. territorial, and Canadian provincial flags. After the survey was completed, NAVA members chose the flag of New York to be ranked 53rd out of the 72.
See also