Coat of arms of Syria

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The national symbol or coat of arms of Syria (Arabic: شعار سوريا‎) includes the Hawk of Quraish [1] which holds a shield of the national flag (in vertical form), and a scroll.

Syrian Arab Republic[edit]

Coat of arms of the Syrian Arab Republic
Coat of arms of Syria.svg
Details
Armiger Syrian Arab Republic
Adopted 1980
Escutcheon Per pale Gules, Argent and Sable, two Mullets of five points palewise Vert
Supporters A Hawk of Quraish

The coat of arms of the Syrian Government is the Hawk of Quraish featuring a shield with the Ba'athist Pan Arab flag, and a scroll with the words "Syrian Arab Republic" (in Arabic الجمهورية العربية السورية).

Syrian National Coalition[edit]

Coat of arms of the Syrian Interim Government
Syrian Interim Government coat of arms.svg
Details
Armiger Syrian Interim Government
Adopted 2012
Escutcheon Per pale Sable, Argent and Vert, three Mullets of five points palewise Gules
Supporters A Hawk of Quraish

The Syrian National Coalition, an interim provisional government for Opposition-held parts of Syria, recognized by the GCC states, Turkey, United Kingdom, France, United States, Arab League, and some European Union states, uses the Pan-Arab colors of a five-pointed star with the words in Arabic on the bottom: National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces. (Arabic: الائتلاف الوطني لقوى الثورة والمعارضة السورية).

The interim government uses a modified version of the Hawk of Quraish with the colors of the Syrian independence flag.

History[edit]

During Syria's union with Egypt in the United Arab Republic (UAR) between 1958 and 1961, the pan-Arab Eagle of Saladin was used as the basis of the coat of arms. Though Syria withdrew from the union in 1961, Egypt continued to use the official name, flag, and coat of arms of the UAR until 1971.

During the period of the Federation of Arab Republics between 1972 and 1977, a loose association of Egypt, Libya, and Syria, the Hawk of Qureish was used as the coat of arms.

After the end of the union, all three former member states retained the Hawk of Qureish. Egypt finally reverted to the Eagle of Saladin in 1984, which had served as the coat of arms of both Egypt, and Libya prior to the abortive union, and still serves as the basis of the arms of Egypt, Iraq, and Palestine. Syria continued to use the Hawk of Qureish, as did Libya under Gaddafi (although the Libyan version faced to the dexter rather than to the sinister, as in the Syrian version).

See also[edit]

References[edit]