Aq Bars (or Ak Bars) (Cyrillic: Ак Барс) is the emblem of Tatarstan. It is an ancient Turkic and Bolgar symbol translated as White Leopard or Snow Leopard, and has been in use since 1991 as the official symbol of Tatarstan.
Historically, this symbol was used in Volga Bulgaria and the Khanate of Kazan (Qazan) - predecessors of Tatarstan - as a state symbol. The snow leopard symbol comes from the totems of one of the Bulgar tribes - the Barsil. According to legend, the Barsils founded Bilär in Volga Bulgaria.
The creator of the current emblem is the artist Rif Zägri ulı Fäxretdinev.
The Russian coat of arms of Volga Bulgaria: a green shield with a silver walking lamb, holding a red gonfalone, divided by a silver cross, with a golden staff.
The Russian coat of Arms of Volga Bulgaria.
A Russian seal, featuring the Coat of Arms of the Bulgarian king.
The emblem of the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.