Coat of arms of the King of Spain

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Coat of arms of the King of Spain
Coat of Arms of Spanish Monarch.svg
Details
Armiger Juan Carlos I
Adopted 22 November 1975 (unofficially)
21 January 1977 (officially)
Crest Spanish Royal Crown
Escutcheon Quarterly: Castile, León, Aragon, and Navarre; enté en point: Granada; inescutcheon Bourbon (Anjou Branch)
Supporters Cross of Burgundy
Orders Order of the Golden Fleece
Other elements Base point, the yoke with ribbons and the sheaf of five arrows.
Earlier versions See below

The blazoning of the coat of arms of the King of Spain is set out in Title II, Rule 1, of Spanish Royal Decree 1511 of 21 January 1977, by which the Rules for Flags, Standards, Guidons, Banners, and Badges were adopted.

Official blazon[edit]

The shield is divided into four quarters, blazoned as follows:

  • 1st, gules a castle or, triple-embattled and voided gate and windows, with three towers each triple-turreted, of the field, masoned sable and ajoure azure, which is for Castile;
  • 2nd, argent a lion rampant purpure crowned or, langued and armed, of the second, which is for León;
  • 3rd, or, four pallets gules, which is for Aragon;
  • 4th, gules a cross, saltire and orle of chains linked together or, a centre point vert, which is for Navarre;

Argent enté en point, with a pomegranate proper seeded gules, supported, sculpted and leafed in two leaves vert, which is for Granada.

Inescutcheon azure bordure gules, three fleurs-de-lys or, which is for Bourbon-Anjou.

Joined to the shield, the red saltire of Burgundy and, to the dexter and sinister of the base point, the yoke gules in its natural position with ribbons, of the field, and the sheaf of five arrows gules with the arrowheads inverted and ribbons, of the field, which used to be the symbol of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain.

All surrounded by the chain of the Golden Fleece and crowned with a crown of the same metal and precious stones, with eight rosettes, five visible, and eight pearls interspersed, closed at the top by eight diadems also adorned with pearls and surmounted by a cross on a globe, which is the royal crown of Spain.[1]

In 1969, General Francisco Franco appointed Juan Carlos I as his "successor to the Headship of the Spanish state with the title of King" but gave him the new title of Prince of Spain instead of the traditional title of Prince of Asturias. From 1971 to 1975, Juan Carlos as Prince of Spain used a coat of arms which was virtually identical to the one later adopted when he was became King in 1975. The earlier coat of arms differed only that it featured the royal crown of a Crown Prince of Spain, the King's royal crown has eight half-arches of which five are visible, while the Prince's one has only four half-arches of which three are visible.[2]

Variants[edit]

Variants of the coat of arms of the King of Spain
Coat of Arms of Spanish Monarch-Variant as Grand Master of the Order of Charles III.svg
Coat of Arms of Spanish Monarch-Variant as Grand Master of the Order of Saint Ferdinand.svg
Coat of Arms of Spanish Monarch-Variant as Grand Master of the Order of Saint Hermenegild.svg
Variant as Grand Master of the
Order of Charles III
Surrounded by the collar of this order
Variant as Grand Master of the
Order of Saint Ferdinand

Surrounded by the grand master's collar
of this order

Variant as Grand Master of the
Order of Saint Hermenegild
Surrounded by the grand master's collar
of this order

Ornamented versions of the historical royal coats of arms[edit]

For common versions and the changes of the heraldic charges and the divisions of the field, see Coat of arms of Spain.
Royal Arms Monarch Supporters Other ornaments Motto
House of Trastamara (1475–1506)
Ornamented Coat of Arms of Queen Isabella of Castile (1474-1492).svg

The Catholic Monarchs
(1474–1492)

  • The former royal crown
Ornamented Coat of Arms of Queen Isabella of Castile (1492-1504).svg

The Catholic Monarchs
(1492–1504)

  • Two lions
  • The Eagle of St John
    (as displayed at the Church of St Paul in Valladolid)
  • The crown of the Catholic Monarchs
  • A yoke
  • A sheaf of five arrows

Tanto monta
(Spanish: They amount to the same)

Coat of Arms of Ferdinand II of Aragon with supporters (1513-1516).svg

Ferdinand II of Aragon
(1504–1516)
(After the death of queen Isabella)

  • The former royal crown of Aragon
Ornamented Coat of Arms of Queen Joanna of Castile.svg

Joanna of Castile
(1504–1506)

  • The former royal crown
  • A yoke
  • A sheaf of five arrows
Full Ornamented Coat of Arms of Philip I of Castile.svg

Philip I of Castile
(1504–1506)
(with Joanna)

  • The Eagle of St John and one lion
    (as displayed on his seal)
  • The royal crest of Castile
  • The former royal crown
  • A helmet
  • Gold and ermine mantling
  • The Order of the Golden Fleece

Qui voudra
(Old French: Whoever will accept)

House of Habsburg (1506–1700)
Full Ornamented Coat of Arms of Charles I of Spain (1516-1520).svg

Charles I
King of Castile
(1506–1516)
Spanish Monarch
(1516–1520)

  • The Eagle of St John and one lion
    (as displayed on his seal)
  • The royal crest of Castile
  • The former royal crown
  • A helmet
  • Gold and ermine mantling
  • The Order of the Golden Fleece

Plus oultre
Later Plus ultra
(Latin: Further beyond)

Full Ornamented Coat of Arms of Charles I of Spain (1520-1530).svg

Charles I
(1520-1530)

  • The Eagle of St John and one lion
  • The royal crest of Castile
  • The former royal crown
  • A helmet
  • Gold and ermine mantling
  • The Order of the Golden Fleece

Plus ultra

Ornamented Coat of Arms of Charles I of Spain, Charles V as Holy Roman Emperor (1530-1556).svg

Charles I
Charles V
as Holy Roman Emperor
(1530-1556)

  • The imperial crest
  • The imperial crown
  • A helmet
  • Gold and ermine mantling
  • The Order of the Golden Fleece

Plus ultra

Full Ornamented Coat of Arms of Philip II of Spain (1580-1598).svg

Philip II
(1556-1598)

  • Two lions
  • The royal crest of Aragon
  • The royal crest of Castile
  • The royal crest of Portugal
  • The former royals crowns of Aragon, Castile and Portugal
  • Three helmets
  • Gold and ermine mantling
  • The Order of the Golden Fleece

Dominus mihi adjutor
(Latin: Lord, give me counsel) V. 6, Psalm 117

Full Ornamented Coat of Arms of Philip III of Spain.svg

Philip III
(1598-1621)

  • Two lions
  • The royal crest of Aragon
  • The royal crest of Castile
  • The royal crest of Portugal
  • The former royals crowns of Aragon, Castile and Portugal
  • Three helmets
  • Gold and ermine mantling
  • The Order of the Golden Fleece

Ad utrumque
(Latin: Ready for either alternative)

Full Ornamented Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1621-1668).svg

Philip IV
(1621-1665)
Charles II
(1665-1700)

  • Two lions
  • The royal crest of Castile
  • The former royal crown
  • A helmet
  • Gold and ermine mantling
  • The Order of the Golden Fleece

Ad utrumque

House of Bourbon (1700–1808 / 1813-1868 / 1874-1931)
Full Ornamented Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1761).svg

Philip V
(First reign)
(1700-1724)
Louis
(1724)
Philip V
(Second reign)
(1724-1746)
Ferdinand VI
(1746-1759)
Charles III
(1759-1761)

  • The sun
  • The royal crest of Castile
  • The former royal crown
  • The royal mantle
  • The modern royal crown
    (with eight half-arches)
  • A helmet
  • Gold and ermine mantling
  • The Order of the Golden Fleece
  • The Order of the Holy Spirit
  • A solis ortu usque ad occasum
    (Latin: From the rising up of the sun unto the going down of the same) V. 3, Psalm 112
  • Plus ultra
  • Santiago
Full Ornamented Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1761-1868 and 1874-1931).svg

Charles III
(1761-1788)
Charles IV
(1788-1808)
Ferdinand VII
(1808)
Ferdinand VII
(Restored)
(1808-1833)
Isabella II
(1833-1868)
Alfonso XII
(1874-1885)
Alfonso XIII
(1886-1931)

  • Two angels
    (as well as a lance with two royal standards)
  • The Pillars of Hercules
  • The sun
  • The royal crest of Castile
  • The former royal crown
  • The royal mantle
  • The modern royal crown
    (with eight half-arches)
  • A helmet
  • Gold and ermine mantling
  • The Order of the Golden Fleece
  • The Order of Charles III
  • A solis ortu usque ad occasum
  • Plus ultra
  • Santiago
French occupation (1808–1813)
Grand Coat of Arms of Joseph Bonaparte as King of Spain.svg

Joseph Bonaparte
(1808–1813)

  • Two sceptres
  • The modern royal crown
    (with eight half-arches)
  • The royal mantle
  • The Order of the Golden Fleece
  • The Legion of Honour
House of Savoy (1870–1873)
Coat of Arms of King Amadeo of Spain (1871-1873).svg

Amadeus
(1870–1873)

  • The modern royal crown
    (with eight half-arches)
  • The royal mantle
  • The Order of the Golden Fleece
House of Bourbon (1931)
Full Ornamented Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1931).svg

Alfonso XIII
(1931)

  • Two angels
    (as well as a lance with two royal standards)
  • The Pillars of Hercules
  • The modern royal crown
    (with eight half-arches)
  • A helmet
  • Gold and ermine mantling
  • The Order of the Golden Fleece
  • The Order of Charles III
  • Plus ultra

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Coat of arms of His Majesty the King of Spain. The Royal Household of the King of Spain. Retrieved 19 October 2011.
  2. ^ (Spanish) Spanish Decree 814 of 22nd April 1971. Boletín Oficial del Estado, Official Gazette of the Spanish Government, no. 99. Retrieved 19 October 2011.

External links[edit]