Coats of arms of Spanish Monarchs in Italy

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The Spanish monarchs of the House of Habsburg and Philip V used separate versions of their royal arms as sovereigns of the Kingdom of Naples-Sicily and the Duchy of Milan with the arms of these territories.

The Kingdom of Sicily was ruled as an independent kingdom by relatives or cadet branch of the house of Aragon until 1409 and thence as part of the Crown of Aragon.The Kingdom of Naples was ruled by the Angevin ruler René of Anjou until the two thrones were reunited by Alfonso V of Aragon, after the successful siege of Naples and the defeat of René on June 6, 1443.[1] Eventually, Alfonso of Aragon divided the two kingdoms during his rule. He gave the rule of Naples to his illegitimate son Ferdinand I of Naples, who ruled from 1458 to 1494, and Aragon and Sicily to Alfonso's brother John II of Aragon. Eventually the Kingdom of Naples was reunited with the Aragonese Kingdom.The titles were held by the Aragonese kings of the Aragonese Crown until 1516, followed by the Kings of Spain until the end of the Spanish branch of the House of Habsburg in 1700.

When Francesco II Sforza, duke of Milan died without heirs in 1535, emperor Charles V got the Duchy. The Emperor held the Duchy throughout, eventually investing it on his son prince Philip. The possession of the Duchy by Spain was finally recognized by the French in the Treaty of Cateau-Cambrésis in 1559.

The Kingdom of Naples-Sicily and the Duchy of Milan remained in Spanish hands until the War of the Spanish Succession in the early 18th century, when Milan was conquered by the Austrians and Naples-Sicily passed to the House of Savoy.

Italian version of the arms of Charles I of Spain (Charles V as Holy Roman Emperor)
Coat of Arms Dates Details
Coat of Arms of Charles V Holy Roman Emperor, Charles I as King of Spain (In Italy).svg Arms of Charles V Holy Roman Emperor, Charles I as King of Spain (In Italy).svg
Charles I
Charles V
as Holy Roman Emperor

1520–1556
Heraldic Divisions

Other elements
The double-headed eagle of the Holy Roman Empire, the heraldic imperial crown

Versions of the Spanish Royal Arms used by the Monarch as Sovereign of Naples and Sicily
Coat of Arms Dates and Monarch Details
Coat of Arms of Philip II of Spain as Monarch of Naples and Sicily.svg Arms of Philip II of Spain as Monarch of Naples and Sicily.svg
Philip of Spain
Prince of Asturias and Girona
1554–1556
Philip II
1556–1598
Heraldic Divisions
  • Crown of Castile
    (Arms of Castile and León,
    Granada enté en point)
  • Crown of Aragon
  • Kingdom of Jerusalem
  • Kingdom of Hungary
  • Kingdom of Sicily
  • Archduchy of Austria
  • Duchy of Burgundy (Modern arms)
  • Duchy of Burgundy (Ancient arms)
  • Duchy of Brabant
  • Duchy of Flanders and Tirol
    (Lower inescutcheon)

Heraldic Ornaments
The open royal crown of Naples and Sicily, the collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece

Coat of Arms of the King of Spain as Monarch of Naples and Sicily (1598-1665).svg Arms of the King of Spain as Monarch of Naples and Sicily (1598-1665).svg
Philip III
1598–1621
Philip IV
1621–1665
Heraldic Divisions
  • Crown of Castile
    (Arms of Castile and León)
  • Crown of Aragon
  • Kingdom of Jerusalem
  • Archduchy of Austria
  • Duchy of Burgundy (Modern arms)
  • Duchy of Burgundy (Ancient arms)
  • Duchy of Brabant
  • Kingdom of Sicily
  • Kingdom of Hungary

Heraldic Ornaments
Open royal crown of Naples and Sicily

Coat of Arms of Charles II of Spain as Monarch of Naples and Sicily.svg Arms of Charles II of Spain as Monarch of Naples and Sicily.svg

Charles II
1665–1700
Heraldic Divisions
  • Crown of Castile
    (Arms of Castile and León)
  • Crown of Aragon
  • Kingdom of Jerusalem
  • Archduchy of Austria
  • Duchy of Burgundy (Modern arms)
  • Duchy of Burgundy (Ancient arms)
  • Duchy of Brabant
  • Kingdom of Sicily
  • Kingdom of Hungary
Inescutcheon
  • Duchy of Flanders
  • Tirol

Heraldic Ornaments
The closed royal crown of Naples and Sicily, the collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece

Coat of Arms of Philip V of Spain as Monarch of Naples.svg Arms of Philip V of Spain as Monarch of Naples.svg

Philip V
1700–1713
Heraldic Divisions
  • Kingdom of Castile
  • Crown of Aragon
  • Kingdom of León
  • Duchy of Burgundy (Modern arms)
  • Kingdom of Sicily
Inescutcheon
  • Kingdom of Jerusalem[3]

Heraldic Ornaments
The closed royal crown of Naples and Sicily, the collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece

Version of the Spanish Royal Arms used by the Monarch as Sovereign of Sicily
Coat of Arms Dates Details
Royal Coat of Arms of Sicily (1580-1700).svg Royal Arms of Sicily (1580-1700).svg

Philip II
1580–1598
Philip I,
as King of Portugal

1580–1598
Philip III/II
1598–1621
Philip IV
1621–1665
Philip III
as King of Portugal

1621–1640
Charles II
1665–1700
Heraldic Divisions
  • Crown of Castile
    (Arms of Castile and León)
  • Crown of Aragon
  • Kingdom of Sicily
  • Kingdom of Jerusalem
  • Kingdom of Granada
    (enté en point)
  • Kingdom of Portugal
    (Upper inescutcheon)
  • Archduchy of Austria
  • Duchy of Burgundy (Modern arms)
  • Duchy of Burgundy (Ancient arms)
  • Duchy of Brabant
  • Duchy of Flanders and Tirol
    (Lower inescutcheon)

Other elements
An heraldic eagle as supporter, the open royal crown of Naples and Sicily and the collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece

Coat of Arms of Philip IV of Sicily.svg Arms of Phlip IV of Sicily.svg

Philip V
1700–1713
Heraldic Divisions
  • Crown of Castile
    (Arms of Castile and León)
  • Crown of Aragon
  • Kingdom of Sicily
  • Archduchy of Austria
  • Duchy of Burgundy (Modern arms)
  • Duchy of Burgundy (Ancient arms)
  • Duchy of Brabant
  • Duchy of Flanders and Tirol
    (enté en point)
Inescutcheon

Other elements
An heraldic eagle as supporter, the open royal crown of Naples and Sicily, the collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece and the badge of the Order of the Holy Spirit

Versions of the Spanish Royal Arms used by the Monarch as Sovereign of Milan
Coat of Arms Dates and Monarch Details
Coat of Arms of Philip II of Spain as Monarch of Milan (1554-1558).svg Arms of Philip II of Spain as Monarch of Milan (1554-1558).svg

Philip of Spain
Prince of Asturias and Girona
1554–1556
Philip II
1556–1558
King Consort of England and Ireland
1554–1558
Heraldic Divisions

Dexter (To viewer's left)

  • Crown of Castile
    (Arms of Castile and León)
  • Crown of Aragon and Kingdom of Sicily
  • Kingdom of Granada
    (enté en point)
  • Archduchy of Austria
  • Duchy of Burgundy (Modern arms)
  • Duchy of Burgundy (Ancient arms)
  • Duchy of Brabant
  • Duchy of Flanders and Tirol
    (Lower inescutcheon)

Sinister (To viewer's right)

Inescutcheon
  • Duchy of Milan

Heraldic Ornaments
The open ducal crown of Milan, the collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece

Coat of Arms of Philip II of Spain as Monarch of Milan (1558-1580).svg Arms of Philip II of Spain as Monarch of Milan (1558-1580).svg

Philip II
1558–1580
Heraldic Divisions

Dexter (To viewer's left)

  • Crown of Castile
    (Arms of Castile and León)
  • Crown of Aragon
  • Kingdom of Jerusalem
  • Kingdom of Hungary
  • Kingdom of Sicily
  • Archduchy of Austria
  • Duchy of Burgundy (Modern arms)
  • Duchy of Burgundy (Ancient arms)
  • Duchy of Brabant
  • Duchy of Flanders and Tirol
    (Lower inescutcheon)

Sinister (To viewer's right)

  • Duchy of Milan


Heraldic Ornaments
The open ducal crown of Milan, the collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece

Coat of Arms of the King of Spain as Monarch of Milan (1580-1700).svg Arms of the King of Spain as Monarch of Milan (1580-1700).svg

Philip II
1580–1598
Philip I,
as King of Portugal

1580–1598
Philip III/II
1598–1621
Philip IV
1621–1665
Philip III
as King of Portugal

1621–1640
Charles II
1665–1700
Heraldic Divisions
  • Crown of Castile
    (Arms of Castile and León)
  • Crown of Aragon
  • Kingdom of Sicily
  • Kingdom of Granada
    (enté en point)
  • Kingdom of Portugal
    (Upper inescutcheon)
  • Archduchy of Austria
  • Duchy of Burgundy (Modern arms)
  • Duchy of Burgundy (Ancient arms)
  • Duchy of Brabant
  • Duchy of Flanders and Tirol
    (Lower inescutcheon)
Inescutcheon (Central)
  • Duchy of Milan

Heraldic Ornaments
The closed ducal crown of Milan, the collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece

Coat of Arms of the King of Spain as Monarch of Milan (1700-1714).svg Arms of the King of Spain as Monarch of Milan Philip V (1700).svg
Philip V
1700–1706/1713
Heraldic Divisions
  • Crown of Castile
    (Arms of Castile and León)
  • Crown of Aragon
  • Kingdom of Sicily
  • Kingdom of Granada
    (enté en point)
  • Duchy of Anjou
    (Upper inescutcheon)
  • Archduchy of Austria
  • Duchy of Burgundy (Modern arms)
  • Duchy of Burgundy (Ancient arms)
  • Duchy of Brabant
  • Duchy of Flanders and Tirol
    (Enté en point)
Inescutcheon (Central)
  • Duchy of Milan[6]

Heraldic Ornaments
The closed ducal crown of Milan, the collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Allan W. Atlas (1985). Music at the Aragonese court of Naples. Cambridge University Press. p. 1. ISBN 0-521-24828-0. 
  2. ^ (Spanish) Francisco Olmos, José María de. «La moneda napolitana de Fernando el Católico, documento propagandístico de la unidad de las coronas», pp.141–162. Revista General de Información y Documentación, 3 (2001). Madrid, Universidad Complutense. PP. 155–186, ISSN 1132-1873.
  3. ^ Rauso, Francesco di. "Le monete delle due Sicilie: Coniate nella zecca di Napoli" [The coin of the Two Sicilies, Mint of Naples coins]. Brigantino - Il Portale del Sud (in Italian). Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "Sicily-Trinacria". hubert-herald.nl. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 
  5. ^ The order in what are presented the English and French arms is altered respect the usual in England.
  6. ^ "Filippo V di Borbone, 1700-1713" [Philip V of Bourbon, 1700-1713]. Rhinocoin. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 

References[edit]

  • Menéndez-Pidal De Navascués, Faustino; «El escudo»; Menéndez Pidal y Navascués, Faustino; O´Donnell, Hugo; Lolo, Begoña (1999). Símbolos de España. Madrid: Centro de Estudios Políticos y Constitucionales. ISBN 84-259-1074-9.