Cobaltite

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Cobaltite
Koboltglans.jpg
Cobaltite from Sweden
General
Category Sulfide mineral
Formula
(repeating unit)
CoAsS
Strunz classification 02.EB.25
Crystal symmetry Orthorhombic mm2
Unit cell a = 5.582 Å, b = 5.582 Å, c = 5.582 Å; Z = 4
Identification
Color Reddish silver white, violet steel gray to black
Crystal habit Granular to massive, rarely as striated crystals
Crystal system Orthorhombic, pseudocubic.
Twinning About [111] creating pseudo-cubic forms and striations
Cleavage Perfect on {001}
Fracture Uneven
Tenacity Brittle
Mohs scale hardness 5.5
Luster Metallic
Streak Grayish-black
Diaphaneity Opaque
Density 6.33 g/cm³
References [1][2]

Cobaltite is a sulfide mineral composed of cobalt, arsenic and sulfur, CoAsS. It contains up to 10 percent iron and variable amounts of nickel.[3] Structurally it resembles pyrite (FeS2) with one of the sulfur atoms replaced by an arsenic atom.

Although rare it is mined as a significant source of the strategically important metal cobalt. Secondary weathering incrustations of erythrite, hydrated cobalt arsenate, are common.

The name is from the German, Kobold, "underground spirit" in allusion to the "refusal" of cobaltiferous ores to smelt as they are expected to.[4]

It occurs in high temperature hydrothermal deposits and contact metamorphic rocks. It occurs in association with magnetite, sphalerite, chalcopyrite, skutterudite, allanite, zoisite, scapolite, titanite, calcite along with numerous other Co–Ni sulfides and arsenides.[1] It was described as early as 1832.[2]

It is found chiefly in Sweden, Norway, Germany, Cornwall, England, Canada, Australia, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Morocco.[1][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/cobaltite.pdf Mineral Handbook
  2. ^ a b http://webmineral.com/data/Cobaltite.shtml Webmineral data
  3. ^ a b Klein, Cornelus and Cornrlius Hurlbut, 1996, Manual of Mineralogy, 20th ed., Wiley, p.288, ISBN 0-471-80580-7
  4. ^ http://www.mindat.org/min-1093.html Mindat

External links[edit]