The aerobic cobalt chelatase (aerobic cobalamin biosynthesis pathway) consists of three subunits, CobT, CobN (IPR003672) and CobS (IPR006537).
Cobalamin (vitamin B12) can be complexed with metal via the ATP-dependent reactions (aerobic pathway) (e.g., in Pseudomonas denitrificans) or via ATP-independent reactions (anaerobic pathway) (e.g., in Salmonella typhimurium). The corresponding cobalt chelatases are not homologous. However, aerobic cobalt chelatase subunits CobN and CobS are homologous to Mg-chelatase subunits BchH and BchI, respectively. CobT, too, has been found to be remotely related to the third subunit of Mg-chelatase, BchD (involved in bacteriochlorophyll synthesis, e.g., in Rhodobacter capsulatus).
This enzyme belongs to the family of ligases, specifically those forming nitrogen-D-metal bonds in coordination complexes. The systematic name of this enzyme class is hydrogenobyrinic-acid-a,c-diamide:cobalt cobalt-ligase (ADP-forming). Other names in common use include hydrogenobyrinic acid a,c-diamide cobaltochelatase, CobNST, and CobNCobST. This enzyme participates in porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism.
^ abcWillows RD, Al-Karadaghi S, Hansson M, Fodje MN, Hansson A, Olsen JG, Gough S (2001). "Interplay between an AAA module and an integrin I domain may regulate the function of magnesium chelatase". J. Mol. Biol.311 (1): 111–122. doi:10.1006/jmbi.2001.4834. PMID11469861.