Cobb County, Georgia

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For the city in Georgia, see Cobb, Georgia. For other uses, see Cobb (disambiguation).
Cobb County, Georgia
CobbCountyCourthouse.jpg
Cobb County Courthouse
Seal of Cobb County, Georgia
Seal
Map of Georgia highlighting Cobb County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded December 2, 1832
Named for Thomas W. Cobb
Seat Marietta
Largest city Marietta
Area
 • Total 345 sq mi (894 km2)
 • Land 340 sq mi (881 km2)
 • Water 5.0 sq mi (13 km2), 1.4%
Population
 • (2010) 688,078
 • Density 2,026/sq mi (782/km²)
Congressional districts 6th, 11th, 13th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.cobbcounty.org

Cobb County is a suburban county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 688,078,[1] making it the fourth-most populous county in Georgia. Its county seat and largest city is Marietta.[2]

Cobb, along with several adjoining counties, was created on December 3, 1832, by the Georgia General Assembly from the huge Cherokee "county" territory—land northwest of the Chattahoochee River which the state confiscated from the Cherokee Nation and redistributed to settlers via lottery, following the passage of the federal Indian Removal Act.[3] The county was named for Thomas Willis Cobb, a United States representative and senator from Georgia. It is believed that Marietta was named for his wife, Mary.[4]

Cobb County is included in the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is situated immediately to the northwest of the city limits of Atlanta.

Its Cumberland District, an edge city, encompasses over 24,000,000 square feet (2,200,000 m2) of office space.

The U.S. Census Bureau ranks Cobb County as the most-educated in the state of Georgia and 12th among all counties in the United States.[5] It has ranked among the top 100 wealthiest counties in the United States.[6]

History[edit]

F-47 Thunderbolt - 128th Fighter Squadron - Marietta Army Airfield 1946

Cobb County was one of nine Georgia counties carved out of the disputed territory of the Cherokee Nation in 1832.[7] It was the 81st county in Georgia and named for Judge Thomas Willis Cobb, who served as a U.S. Senator, state congressman and Superior Court Judge. It is believed that the county seat of Marietta was named for Judge Cobb's wife, Mary.[8]

Painting of the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain

[clarification needed]

The state started acquiring right-of-way for a railroad in 1836. At train began running between Marietta and Marthasville (now Atlanta) in 1845.[9]

In the antebellum era, Marietta was a summer resort for residents of Savannah and Charleston fleeing Yellow Fever.

During the American Civil War, some confederate troops were trained at a camp in Kennesaw.[9]

There were battles of New Hope Church May 25, Pickett's Mill May 27, and Dallas May 28. The Battle of Allatoona Pass on October 28 occurred as Sherman was starting his March through Georgia. Union forces burnt most houses and confiscated or burnt crops.[10]

The Battle of Kennesaw Mountain June 27, 1864, was the site of the only major Confederate victory in General William T. Sherman's invasion of Georgia. Despite the victory, Union forces outflanked the Confederates.

In 1915, Leo Frank, the Jewish supervisor of an Atlanta pencil factory who was convicted of murdering one of his workers, thirteen-year-old Mary Phagan, was kidnapped from his jail cell and brought to Frey's Gin, two miles (3 km) east of Marietta. There he was lynched. The case was widely perceived as a miscarriage of justice.

F-22 Raptor assembled at Lockheed Martin in Marietta

Cotton farming in the area peaked from the 1890s through the 1920s. Low prices during the Great Depression resulted in the cessation of cotton farming throughout Cobb County.[11] The price of Cotton went from 16 cents a pound in 1920 to 9.5 cents in 1930. This resulted in a Cotton Bust for the county, which had stopped growing the product but was milling it. This bust was in turn, followed by the Great Depression.[9][12][clarification needed] To help combat the bust, the state started work on a road in 1922 that would later become US 41.

In 1942, Bell Aircraft opened a Marietta plant to manufacture B-29 bombers and Marietta Army Airfield was founded. Both were closed after World War II, but reopened during the Korean War, when the air field was acquired by the Air Force, renamed Dobbins AFB, and the plant by Lockheed. During the Korean and Vietnam Wars, Lockheed Marietta was the leading manufacturer of military transport planes, including the C-130 Hercules and the C-5 Galaxy. "In Cobb County and other sprawling Cold War suburbs from Orange County to Norfolk/Hampton Roads, the direct link between federal defense spending and local economic prosperity structured a bipartisan political culture of hawkish conservatism and material self-interest on issues of national security."[13]

Kennesaw State University

When home rule was enacted statewide by amendment to the Georgia state constitution in the early 1960s, Ernest W. Barrett became the first chairman of the new county commission. The county courthouse, built in 1888, was demolished.

In the 1960s and 1970s, Cobb transformed from rural to suburban, as integration spurred white flight from the city of Atlanta, which by 1970 was majority-African-American. Real estate booms drew rural white southerners and Rustbelt transplants, both groups mostly first-generation white-collar. Cobb County was the home of former segregationist and Georgia governor Lester Maddox (1966–71). In 1975, Cobb voters elected John Birch Society leader Larry McDonald to Congress, running in opposition to desegregation busing. A conservative Democrat, McDonald called for investigations into alleged plots by the Rockefellers and the Soviet Union to impose 'socialist-one-world-government' and co-founded the Western Goals Foundation. In 1983, McDonald died aboard Korean airlines flight 007, shot down by a Soviet fighter over restricted airspace.

Glover Park Bell - On the square in Marietta

In 1990, Republican Congressmen Newt Gingrich became Representative of a new district centered around Cobb County. In 1994, as Republicans took control of the House of Representatives for the first time in almost fifty years, Gingrich became Speaker of the House, thrusting Cobb County into the national spotlight. In 1993, county commissioners passed a resolution condemning homosexuality and cut off funding for the arts after complaints about a community theater.[14] After protests from gay rights organizations, organizers of the 1996 Summer Olympics pulled events out of Cobb County. The county's inns are nevertheless filled at 100% of capacity for two months during the event.[9]

In the 1990s and 2000s, Cobb's demographics changed. As Atlanta's gentrification reversed decades of white flight, middle-class African-Americans and Russian, Bosnian, Chinese, Indian, Brazilian, Mexican and Central American immigrants moved to older suburbs in South and West Cobb. In 2010, African-American Democrat David Scott was elected to Georgia's 13th congressional district, which included many of those suburbs. Cobb became the first Georgia county to participate in the Immigration and Nationality Act Section 287(g) enabling local law officers to enforce immigration law.

Geography[edit]

Union Trenches at Kennesaw Mountain 1864
Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 345 square miles (890 km2), of which 340 square miles (880 km2) is land and 4.0 square miles (10 km2) (1.4%) is water.[15]

The county is divided between two major basins. Most runoff flows into the Chattahoochee River along the southeastern border, directly via Willeo Creek, Sope Creek (Sewell Creek), Rottenwood Creek (Powers Creek), and others. The large Sweetwater Creek is the other major stream, carrying the waters of Noses Creek (Ward Creek, Olley Creek, and Mud Creek), Nickajack Creek, Powder Springs Creek (Rakestraw Creek, Mill Creek) and others into the Chattahoochee. A ridge from Lost Mountain in the west, to Kennesaw Mountain in the north-central, to Sweat Mountain in the extreme northeast, divides the far north-northwest of the county into the Etowah River basin, which includes Lake Allatoona. Noonday Creek (Little Noonday Creek) flows northward into the lake, as does Allatoona Creek, which forms a major arm of the lake. Proctor Creek forms the much older Lake Acworth, which in turn empties directly into Lake Allatoona under the Lake Acworth Drive (Georgia 92) bridge.

There are several high points in Cobb County.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Metro Atlanta

Addressing[edit]

Despite the lack of a grid system of city blocks though the county, all street addresses have their numeric origin at the southwest corner of the town square in Marietta.

Geocodes & World's largest toll-free calling area[edit]

Originally in area code 404, the county was moved into area code 770 in 1995, and overlaid by area code 678 in 1998. Prior to 1995, those with phones tied to the Woodstock telephone exchange (prefixes 924, 926, 928, later 516 and 591) could also call the Canton exchange (479, later 445, then 704) as a local call. This became moot, along with other dual-zone exchanges in metro Atlanta, when the exurban exchanges (including Canton) were fully made a part of what was already the world's largest toll-free calling zone. It is a zone spanning 7,162 square miles (18,549 km2),[16] with four active telephone area codes, and local calling extending into portions of two others.

Cobb's FIPS county code is 13067. Because the National Weather Service has not subdivided the county, its WRSAME code is 013067, for receiving targeted weather warnings from NOAA Weather Radio. The county is primarily within the broadcast range of one weather radio station: KEC80, on 162.550 MHz,[17] transmitted to all of metro Atlanta and broadcast from NWSFO Peachtree City. The secondary station is the much newer WWH23 on 162.425 from Buchanan, which also transmits warnings for Cobb but has reception mainly in the western part of the county.[18]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 7,539
1850 13,843 83.6%
1860 14,242 2.9%
1870 13,814 −3.0%
1880 20,748 50.2%
1890 22,286 7.4%
1900 24,664 10.7%
1910 28,397 15.1%
1920 30,437 7.2%
1930 35,408 16.3%
1940 38,272 8.1%
1950 61,830 61.6%
1960 114,174 84.7%
1970 196,793 72.4%
1980 297,718 51.3%
1990 447,745 50.4%
2000 607,751 35.7%
2010 688,078 13.2%
Est. 2013 717,190 4.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[19]
1790-1960[20] 1900-1990[21]
1990-2000[22] 2010-2013[1]

As of 2011, there were 697,553 people, 248,303 households, and 169,178 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,998 people per square mile (763/km²). There were 261,659 housing units at an average density of 770 per square mile (301/km²). The racial makeup of the county in 2006 was 56.0% White, 29.6% Black, 0.5% Native American, 4.1% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 8.8% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. 11.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 248,303 households out of which 35.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.30% were married couples living together, 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.20% were non-families. 23.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.25.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.10% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 36.50% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 6.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 98.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.90 males.

As of 2007, the median income was $70,472. The per capita income for the county was $32,740. About 6.0% of families and 9.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.1% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Private schools[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Libraries[edit]

Cobb County maintains the Cobb County Public Library System.[25] The libraries provide resources such as books, videos, internet access, printing, and computer classes. The libraries in the CCPLS are:

  • Acworth Library
  • Central Library
  • East Cobb Library
  • East Marietta Library
  • Gritters Library
  • Hattie G. Wilson Library
  • Kemp Memorial Library
  • Kennesaw Library
  • Lewis A. Ray Library
  • Mountain View Regional Library
  • Powder Springs Library
  • Sibley Library
  • South Cobb Regional Library
  • Stratton Library
  • Sweetwater Valley Library
  • Vinings Library
  • West Cobb Regional Library

The Smyrna Public Library is a city-owned library in Smyrna.

Government and elections[edit]

Cobb Energy Performing Arts Center

Under Georgia's home rule provision, county governments have free rein to legislate on all matters within the county, provided that such legislation does not conflict with state or federal laws or constitutions.

Cobb County is governed by a five-member board of commissioners, which has both legislative and executive authority within the county. The chairman of the board is elected county-wide. The other four commissioners are elected from single-member districts. The board hires a county manager who oversees day-to-day operations of the county's executive departments.

County residents also elect a sheriff, district attorney, probate court judge, clerk of superior court, clerk of the state court, state court solicitor, chief magistrate judge (who then appoints other magistrate court judges), superior court judges, state court judges, tax commissioner, surveyor, and a seven-member board of education. In addition to the county sheriff, the constitutional chief law enforcement officer of the county, Cobb County has a separate police department under the authority of the Board of Commissioners. The sheriff oversees the jail, to which everyone arrested under state law is taken, regardless of the city or other area of the county where it happens, or what police department makes the arrest.

Each city has a separate police department, answerable to its governing council. Marietta, Smyrna, and Austell have separate fire departments, with the Cobb County Fire Department being the authority having jurisdiction over Kennesaw, Acworth, Powder Springs, and unincorporated areas. Cobb 911 covers unincorporated areas and the cities of Marietta and Powder Springs. Kennesaw and Acworth jointly operate a small 911 call center (PSAP) upstairs in Kennesaw city hall, dispatching the police departments in both cities, and forwarding fire calls to Cobb. Austell and Smyrna operate their own separate 911 systems.

The county retails potable water to much of the county, and wholesales it to various cities.[26]

Taxes[edit]

In addition to the 4% statewide sales tax, Cobb County levies an additional 2% for special projects, each 1% subject to separate renewal every few years by countywide referendum (including within its cities). This funds mainly transportation and parks. Cobb levies a 1% tax to lower property taxes, but only for the public school budget, and not the additional 1% HOST homestead exemption for general funds. It has also voted not to pay the extra 1% to join MARTA.

At the beginning of 2006, Cobb County became the last county in the state to raise the tax to 6%, which also doubled the tax on food to 2%. The SPLOST barely passed by a 114 vote margin, or less than one-quarter of a percent, in a September 2005 referendum. The revenue will go to a new county courthouse, expanded jail, various transportation projects, and the purchasing of property for parks and green space.[27] In 2008, the school tax was renewed for a third term, funding the Marietta and Cobb school systems.

Economy[edit]

The Cobb County School District is Cobb County's largest employer, employing over 15,000 people.[28] Private corporations include:

Diplomatic missions[edit]

The Consulate-General of Costa Rica in Atlanta is located in Suite 100 at 1870 The Exchange in an unincorporated section of Cobb County.[34]

Transportation[edit]

Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Rail[edit]

Bus[edit]

Recreation[edit]

The Atlanta Braves have announced that they are building a new stadium in Cobb County to replace Turner Field. It will be built off of the exchange between Interstate 75 and Interstate 285.[35]


Silver Comet Trail and bike path

Venues[edit]

Communities[edit]

Cobb County landmark and reference point "The Big Chicken"
Historic Downtown Marietta

Cities[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Sister county[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 15, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Cobb County, Georgia
  4. ^ "New Georgia Encyclopedia: Marietta". Georgiaencyclopedia.org. 2003-09-30. Retrieved 2010-07-22. 
  5. ^ ACS: Ranking Table – Percent of People 25 Years and Over Who Have Completed a Bachelor's Degree[dead link]
  6. ^ bizjournals: How 100 counties ranked in wealth
  7. ^ "New Georgia Encyclopedia: Cobb County". Georgiaencyclopedia.org. 2011-11-15. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 
  8. ^ "Marietta | Georgia.gov". Marietta.georgia.gov. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  9. ^ a b c d [1]
  10. ^ Images of Acworth. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. 2006. p. 7. ISBN 0-7385-1479-9. 
  11. ^ Images of Acworth. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. 2006. p. 56. ISBN 0-7385-1479-9. 
  12. ^ [2]
  13. ^ Matthew Lassiter, "Big Government and Family Values: Political Culture in the Metropolitan Sunbelt" Pg. 90 in Sunbelt Rising: The Politics of Place, Space and Region ed. Michelle Nickerson, Darren Dochuck
  14. ^ Applebome, Peter (1993-08-29). "County's Anti-Gay Move Catches Few by Surprise". The New York Times. 
  15. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  16. ^ "A Look at Atlanta" (PDF). Metro Atlanta Chamber of Commerce. May 2006. p. 11. Archived from the original on 2008-06-25. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  17. ^ "NOAA Weather Radio KEC80". Nws.noaa.gov. 2009-05-14. Retrieved 2010-07-22. 
  18. ^ "NOAA Weather Radio WWH23". Nws.noaa.gov. 2009-05-14. Retrieved 2010-07-22. 
  19. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 20, 2014. 
  20. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 20, 2014. 
  21. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 20, 2014. 
  22. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 20, 2014. 
  23. ^ Creative Montessori School
  24. ^ Mt. Bethel Christian Academy
  25. ^ Cobb County Public Library System
  26. ^ "Cobb County Government". Water.cobbcountyga.gov. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 
  27. ^ "Cobb Local Sales Tax for Public Safety and Transportation". Cobbcip.org. 2005-09-20. Retrieved 2010-07-22. 
  28. ^ "[3]." Cobb County School District. Retrieved on July 28, 2009.
  29. ^ "Corporate and Financial Overview." The Home Depot. Retrieved on April 24, 2009.
  30. ^ "Video Submission Agreement." The Weather Channel. Retrieved on November 18, 2009.
  31. ^ "Low Weekly Rates!." InTown Suites. Retrieved on November 18, 2009.
  32. ^ "New Georgia Encyclopedia: Lockheed Martin". Georgiaencyclopedia.org. Retrieved 2012-12-26. 
  33. ^ "Kool Smiles Main Contacts." Kool Smiles. Retrieved on January 1, 2011. "Kool Smiles Patient Support Center 1090 Northchase Pkwy SE, Ste 290 Marietta, GA 30067-6407"
  34. ^ "Consulates in the United States." Embassy of Costa Rica. Retrieved October 26, 2008.
  35. ^ "Atlanta Braves announce plans to move to new stadium". USA Today. 
  36. ^ "Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area - Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area". Nps.gov. 2012-12-11. Retrieved 2012-12-26. 
  37. ^ "Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park - Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park". Nps.gov. 2012-08-07. Retrieved 2012-12-26. 
  38. ^ "Acworth Beach | Cauble Park, Acworth, Georgia". Allatoonalake.org. 2008-01-20. Retrieved 2012-12-26. 
  39. ^ "recreation area details - Allatoona Lake". Recreation.gov. Retrieved 2012-12-26. 
  40. ^ a b "Arts Center". The Mable House. Retrieved 2012-12-26. 
  41. ^ "Confederate Cemetery, Marietta, Georgia". Roadsidegeorgia.com. Retrieved 2012-12-26. 
  42. ^ Home. "Marietta Museum of History » Preserving the history of Marietta and Cobb County". Mariettahistory.org. Retrieved 2012-12-26. 
  43. ^ "MariettaCobb Museum of Art - Marietta/Cobb Museum of Art". Mariettacobbartmuseum.org. Retrieved 2012-12-26. 
  44. ^ National Cemetery Administration. "Cemeteries - Marietta National Cemetery - Burial and Memorial Benefits". Cem.va.gov. Retrieved 2012-12-26. 
  45. ^ "Cobb County Parks, Recreation, Cultural Affairs". Prca.cobbcountyga.gov. Retrieved 2012-12-26. 
  46. ^ "The Southern Museum of Civil War and Locomotive History". Southernmuseum.org. Retrieved 2012-12-26. 
  47. ^ "civic center". Prca.cobbcountyga.gov. Retrieved 2012-12-26. 
  48. ^ "Cobb Energy Performing Arts Centre | Cobb Energy Performing Arts Centre Atlanta, GA". Cobbenergycentre.com. Retrieved 2012-12-26. 
  49. ^ Cook, James F. (2005). The Governors of Georgia, 1754-2004, 3rd Edition, Revised and Expanded. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press.
  50. ^ "New Georgia Encyclopedia: Roy Barnes (b. 1948)". Georgiaencyclopedia.org. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  51. ^ http://realestate.aol.com/blog/2010/08/23/tyler-perry-buys-40m-atlanta-mansion-as-7-6m-teardown/
  52. ^ "Cobb County Delegation Visits South Korea". Global Atlanta Works. Atlanta Regional Commission. Retrieved 2008-10-26. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°56′N 84°35′W / 33.94°N 84.58°W / 33.94; -84.58