Coburg Badge

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The Coburg Badge (Coburger Abzeichen) was the first badge recognized as a national award of the NSDAP (Nazi Party).

History[edit]

On October 14, 1922, Adolf Hitler led 800 SA stormtroopers and a band by train to Coburg for a weekend rally. Once there, numerous pitched street battles with leftists and communists occurred. In the end, the final victory belonged to the Nazis. Later, the day was known as the Deutscher Tag in Coburg (German Day in Coburg).[1]

Award and status[edit]

Hitler ordered the Coburg Badge to be struck on October 14, 1932 to memorialize the event which took place ten years earlier, on Saturday, October 14, 1922, and to honor the participants.[1] This was before Hitler came to power in January 1933. The badge was 40mm wide and 54mm high. It was made out of bronze and featured a sword placed tip downward across the face of a swastika within an oval wreath. At the top of the wreath was Coburg Castle and village. The wreath contains the words, MIT HITLER IN COBURG 1922-1932 (With Hitler in Coburg 1922-1932).[1][2]

In November 1936, Hitler gave new "orders" for the "Orders and Awards" of the Third Reich. The top NSDAP awards are listed in this order: 1. Coburg Badge; 2. Nürnberg Party Badge of 1929; 3. SA Treffen at Brunswick 1931; 4. Golden Party Badge; 5. The Blood Order; followed by the Gau badges and the Golden HJ Badge.[1][3]

On August 1, 1939, Reichsfuhrer-SS Heinrich Himmler decreed that any SS member (whether enlisted or officer) who wore the Coburg Badge was eligible to wear the Totenkopf ring. Note: Because the Coburg Badge was not normally recorded in an NCO record dossier, the order required enlisted personnel to provide proof of their being awarded the Coburg Badge.[4]

An image of the badge: http://media.liveauctiongroup.net/i/11663/11978550_1.jpg?v=8CEB5D1DA5D7990

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Angolia 1989, p. 197.
  2. ^ Robin Lumsden, Medals and Decorations of Hitler's Germany 
  3. ^ Dombrowski, Hanns (1940), Orders, Ehrenzeichen und Titel.
  4. ^ Gottlieb, Craig, The SS TOTENKOPF RING: An Illustrated History from Munich to Nuremberg.

References[edit]

  • Angolia, John (1989). For Führer and Fatherland: Political & Civil Awards of the Third Reich. R. James Bender Publishing. ISBN 0912138165. 
  • Gottlieb, Craig. The SS TOTENKOPF RING: An Illustrated History from Munich to Nuremberg. ISBN 978-0-7643-3094-0