Ellis Park Stadium

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Ellis Park
FIFA World Cup 2010 Slovakia Italy.jpg
Former names Coca-Cola Park (2008–12)
Location 47 N. Park Lane Doornfontein, Johannesburg, 2028
Coordinates 26°11′51″S 28°3′39″E / 26.19750°S 28.06083°E / -26.19750; 28.06083Coordinates: 26°11′51″S 28°3′39″E / 26.19750°S 28.06083°E / -26.19750; 28.06083
Owner City of Johannesburg
Operator Ellis Park World of Sport
Capacity 62,567 (Rugby union and Soccer)
55,686 (2010 FIFA World Cup)
Surface Grass
Construction
Broke ground 1927
Opened 1928 [1]
Renovated 2009
Expanded 2009
Construction cost R40 Million
Tenants
Lions
Golden Lions
Orlando Pirates
2010 FIFA World Cup
South African Rugby Union

Ellis Park Stadium is a rugby union and association football stadium in the city of Johannesburg, Gauteng Province, South Africa. It hosted the final of the 1995 Rugby World Cup, which was won by the country's national team, the Springboks. The large stadium was the country's most modern when it was upgraded in 1982 to accommodate almost 60,000 people. Today, the stadium hosts both football and rugby, and is also used as a venue for other large events, such as open-air concerts. It has become synonymous with rugby as the only time when rugby was not played at Ellis Park was during 1980 and 1981 when the stadium was under construction during an upgrade.

The stadium was originally named after Mr J.D. Ellis, who made the area for the stadium available. A five-year ZAR 450 million (USD 58 million/£30 million) naming rights deal was signed in 2008 with The Coca-Cola Company, resulting in the stadium being renamed to Coca-Cola Park between 2008 and 2012.[2]

League, provincial, and international football games have all been played at the stadium, and it has seen such teams as Brazil, Manchester United and Arsenal play. Ellis Park Stadium is the centerpiece of a sporting sector in the south-east of Johannesburg, where it neighbours Johannesburg Stadium (athletics), Standard Bank Arena,[3] Ellis Park Tennis Stadium,[4] and an Olympic-class swimming pool.

Ellis Park is home to the following teams:

Cricket matches were held at the stadium in the past. It hosted six Test matches between 1948 and 1954,[7] but it has not been used for first-class cricket since New Wanderers Stadium opened in 1956 and is now used only for rugby and soccer.

History[edit]

In 1889 when after a long and hard fought battle the Transvaal Rugby Football Union (now the Golden Lions Rugby Union) was formed and established a domain. The first games were played at the Wanderers Club’s stadium whose grounds were situated where Johannesburg Park Station is today. Rows between the different rugby clubs as well as the Wanderers Club's claim of the field for the use of cricket games, forced the Transvaal Rugby Football Union to look for an alternative.

An area with a quarry and garbage dumps in Doornfontein was identified in, 1927 as the possible alternative. The Transvaal Rugby Football Union negotiated with the Johannesburg City Council's, Mr JD Ellis, (after whom Ellis Park was named) for the availability of these grounds and 13 acres (53,000 m2) was made available. On 10 October 1927 the final rental agreement was signed. A quote of £600 was accepted for the grass and with a loan from the city council to the amount of £5,000, the building of the new stadium could commence. The stadium was built in eight months and in June 1928 the first test was played against the All Blacks. Thus was born Ellis Park which became internationally renowned and synonymous with rugby. Crowds of between 38,000 and a record crowd of 100,000 against the British and Irish Lions (in 1955) attended the matches.

Ellis Park played the host for cricket matches after an agreement was reached between Transvaal Rugby Football Union and The Transvaal Cricket Union. From 1947 when the cricket pitch was laid until 1956, Ellis Park was host to various cricket matches with the final games played in the 1953/54 series against New Zealand. Cricket then moved to its new venue where the current Wanderers still is today.

On 28 April 1969 the Transvaal Rugby Football Union formed a stadium committee to investigate the possibilities of a new stadium since the one in use did not meet all the modern requirements. Only fifteen years later, after the game between Transvaal and the World Team on 31 March 1979, the old Ellis Park was demolished. Games were played at the Wanderers while the stadium was being rebuilt.

A new Transvaal Rugby Football Union management was elected in 1984 with Dr Louis Luyt as Chairman and Prof Joe Poolman as his deputy. The decision was taken to place Ellis Park Stadium under the management of a trust. In 1987 after the Ellis Park Stadium was listed on the stock exchange and due to sound financial management by Dr Luyt, Ellis Park could announce that the debt to the amount of R53 million was fully paid and a further 86 suites could be erected.

Today the Golden Lions Rugby Union (Transvaal Rugby Union before) and Ellis Park Stadium (Pty) Ltd are debt free and have cash resources of more than all the other Unions and South African Rugby Union combined as well as borrowing powers of a similar amount.

In 2005 Ellis Park made history by becoming the first black-owned stadium in South Africa. The Golden Lions Rugby Football Union passed the management of the Ellis Park Precinct to a company with 51% black ownership. Interza Lesego, Orlando Pirates F.C. and Ellis Park Stadium (Pty) Ltd make up the new management of the Ellis Park Precinct.[6]

The stadium was also witness to a bizarre event during a Premier Soccer League football match between Orlando Pirates and Black Leopards on 17 January 2007 when high winds blew several sideline advertising boards onto the pitch, striking a linesman and three players. Play resumed 7 minutes later, but the match was ultimately abandoned 6 minutes from full-time due to sudden torrential rains and lightning. The game's kickoff previously had been delayed 15 minutes by a power failure.[8]

Disaster of 11 April 2001[edit]

In 2001 a stampede occurred during a soccer game between Orlando Pirates and Kaizer Chiefs. With 43 people killed, the Ellis Park Stadium disaster is to date the biggest of its kind in South Africa.[9]

Concerts[edit]

The Whitney Houston´s concert was recorded and released as a home video titled: Whitney: The Concert for a New South Africa). A year later also Roxette's concert during the Crash! Boom! Bang! World Tour was recorded and released on VHS home video.

Date Artist Tour
12 November 1994 Whitney Houston The Bodyguard World Tour
15 January 1995 Roxette Crash! Boom! Bang! World Tour
24 & 25 February 1995 Rolling Stones Voodoo Lounge Tour
1 March 2014 Eminem Rapture Tour

Sporting events[edit]

1995 Rugby World Cup[edit]

Main article: 1995 Rugby World Cup

In 1995, South Africa hosted the Rugby World Cup, and the final was held at Ellis Park on 24 June in front of 65,000 spectators. South Africa beat New Zealand 15–12 in extra time.

Date Team 1 Res. Team 2 Round Attendance
27 May 1995  Ireland 19–43  New Zealand Pool C 38,000
31 May 1995  New Zealand 34–9  Wales Pool C 38,000
4 June 1995  Ireland 24–23  Wales Pool C 35,000
10 June 1995  South Africa 42–14  Western Samoa Quarter Final 52,000
24 June 1995  South Africa 15–12 (aet)  New Zealand Final 65,000

2009 FIFA Confederations Cup[edit]

Ellis Park was one of the host venues for the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup.

Date Time (UTC+2) Team 1 Res. Team 2 Round Attendance
14 June 2009 16.00 South Africa South Africa 0–0 Iraq Iraq Group A 48,837
18 June 2009 20.30 Egypt Egypt 1–0 Italy Italy Group B 52,150
20 June 2009 20.30 Iraq Iraq 0–0 New Zealand New Zealand Group A 23,295
25 June 2009 20.30 Brazil Brazil 1–0 South Africa South Africa Semi Final 48,049
28 June 2009 20.30 United States USA 2–3 Brazil Brazil Final 52,291

2010 FIFA World Cup[edit]

Brazil vs North Korea match

Ellis Park hosted five group games, one second round game and one quarter-final of the 2010 FIFA World Cup, for which its capacity was increased by 5,000 seats on the northern side only, to 62,000.[1] Areas like the Presidential suite also received a facelift. There was also a hospitality room and new changing rooms. The total cost of renovations was R500 million and were completed in June 2008, two years before the World Cup.

Date Time (UTC+2) Team 1 Res. Team 2 Round Attendance
12 June 2010 16.00 Argentina Argentina 1–0 Nigeria Nigeria Group B 55,686
15 June 2010 20.30 Brazil Brazil 2–1 North Korea North Korea Group G 54,331
18 June 2010 16.00 Slovenia Slovenia 2–2 United States United States Group C 45,573
21 June 2010 20.30 Spain Spain 2–0 Honduras Honduras Group H 54,386
24 June 2010 16.00 Slovakia Slovakia 3–2 Italy Italy Group F 53,412
28 June 2010 20.30 Brazil Brazil 3–0 Chile Chile Round of 16 54,096
3 July 2010 20.30 Paraguay Paraguay 0–1 Spain Spain Quarter Finals 55,359

Construction[edit]

  • More than 30,000 square metres of concrete was poured into the structure's shutters.
  • More than 4,500 tons of reinforcement was used in the floor area of 48,000 square metres – and this does not include the seating areas.
  • Nearly 500,000 pockets of cement went into the work done over 3.2 million man hours.
  • There are about 3.1 million bricks laid at the stadium, 1,372 windows of various sizes, more than 4.1 km of handrails and a total of 70 km piping for chairs.
  • There are fifty 200-watt speakers, thirty 30-watt speakers and 245 speakers clustered around the stadium.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Ellis Park". FIFA. Retrieved 9 October 2008. 
  2. ^ "Ellis Park Stadium renamed to Coca-Cola Park" (Microsoft Word). Ellis Park Stadium (Pty) Limited. 4 July 2008. Retrieved 9 October 2008. [dead link]
  3. ^ http://www.ellispark.co.za/StandardBankArena.aspx
  4. ^ http://www.ellispark.co.za/JohanesburgStadium.aspx
  5. ^ "Ellis Park Stadium". Orlando Pirates. Retrieved 9 October 2008. 
  6. ^ a b "The History of Ellis Park". Ellis Park Stadium (Pty) Limited. Archived from the original on 2 August 2008. Retrieved 9 October 2008. 
  7. ^ "Ellis Park: Test Matches". ESPN Cricinfo. 17 June 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2011. 
  8. ^ "Strong wind causes chaos at Ellis Park". The Mercury. 18 January 2007. Retrieved 9 October 2008. 
  9. ^ "Final Report" (PDF). Commission of Inquiry into the Ellis Park Stadium Soccer Disaster of 11 April 2001. Government of South Africa. 29 August 2002. Retrieved 9 October 2008. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Royal King's Park T.C.
Perth
Fed Cup
Final Venue

1972
Succeeded by
Bad Homburg T.C.
Bad Homburg
Preceded by
Twickenham
London
Rugby World Cup
Final venue

1995
Succeeded by
Millennium Stadium
Cardiff
Preceded by
Waldstadion
Frankfurt
FIFA Confederations Cup
Final venue

2009
Succeeded by
Estádio do Maracanã
Rio de Janeiro