Cochise County, Arizona
|Cochise County, Arizona|
Location in the state of Arizona
Arizona's location in the U.S.
|Founded||February 1, 1881|
|Largest city||Sierra Vista|
|• Total||6,218.77 sq mi (16,107 km2)|
|• Land||6,169.45 sq mi (15,979 km2)|
|• Water||49.32 sq mi (128 km2), 0.79%|
|• Density||21/sq mi (8.2/km²)|
|Time zone||Mountain: UTC-7|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Politics
- 4 Transportation
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Communities
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Cochise County was created on February 1, 1881, out of the eastern portion of Pima County. It took its name from the legendary Chiricahua Apache war chief Cochise. The county seat was Tombstone until 1929 when it moved to Bisbee. Notable men who once held the position of County Sheriff were Johnny Behan, who served as the first sheriff of the new county, and who was one of the main characters during the events leading to and following the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral. Later, in 1886, Texas John Slaughter became sheriff. Lawman Jeff Milton and lawman/outlaw Burt Alvord both served as deputies under Slaughter.
A syndicated television series which aired from 1956 to 1958, Sheriff of Cochise starring John Bromfield, was filmed in Bisbee. The Jimmy Stewart movie Broken Arrow and subsequent television show of the same name starring John Lupton, which also aired from 1956 to 1958, took place (but was not filmed) in Cochise County.
Beginning in the late 1950's, the small community of Miracle Valley was the site of a series of bible colleges and similar religious organizations, originally founded by television evangelist A. A. Allen. In 1982, Miracle Valley and neighboring Palominas were the site of a series of escalating conflicts between a newly-arrived religious community and the county sheriff and deputies that culminated in the Miracle Valley shootout.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 6,219 square miles (16,110 km2), of which 6,166 square miles (15,970 km2) is land and 53 square miles (140 km2) (0.9%) is water. Cochise County is closely the size of the States of Rhode Island and Connecticut combined.
Adjacent counties and municipios
- Santa Cruz County, Arizona - southwest
- Pima County, Arizona - west
- Graham County, Arizona - north
- Greenlee County, Arizona - northeast
- Hidalgo County, New Mexico - east
- Agua Prieta, Sonora, Mexico - south
- Cananea, Sonora, Mexico - south
- Naco, Sonora, Mexico - south
- Santa Cruz, Sonora, Mexico - south
- Chiricahua National Monument
- Coronado National Forest (part)
- Coronado National Memorial
- Fort Bowie National Historic Site
- Kartchner Caverns State Park
- Leslie Canyon National Wildlife Refuge
- San Pedro Riparian National Conservation Area
Cochise County leans strongly towards the Republican Party in Presidential elections. Although Bill Clinton carried the county narrowly in 1992, it has supported the Republican candidate by large margins in each of the subsequent elections. Although the county includes the relatively liberal town of Bisbee, as well as the city of Douglas, which has a large Latino population, this is outweighed by the heavily Republican tilt of the more populous Sierra Vista, which is adjacent to Fort Huachuca and thus has a heavy military presence.
In the United States House of Representatives, the county is part of Arizona's 2nd congressional district, which is represented by Democrat Martha McSally; the majority of the district's population is in Tucson and its suburbs, which tend to be more moderate than Cochise County. In the Arizona Legislature, the county is part of the 14th district and is represented by Republican Gail Griffin in the State Senate and Republicans David Gowan and David Stevens in the State House of Representatives. This district also includes the entirety of Graham County and Greenlee County, as well as portions of Pima County.
- Interstate 10
- U.S. Route 191
- State Route 80
- State Route 82
- State Route 90
- State Route 92
- State Route 186
Sierra Vista Municipal Airport (IATA: FHU, ICAO: KFHU, FAA LID: FHU), a joint-use civil-military airport which shares facilities with Libby Army Airfield, is located on Fort Huachuca in Sierra Vista, a city and U.S. Army installation in Cochise County, Arizona, United States. The airport has three runways and one helipad. It is mostly used for military aviation for the surrounding military base.
The percent of ethnic groups as tallied by the 2010 U.S. Census:
- 78.5% White
- 32.4% Hispanic or Latino (of any race)
- 9.6% Other races
- 4.2% Black
- 4.0% Two or more races
- 1.9% Asian
- 1.2% Native American
- 0.3% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
As of the 2000 census, there were 117,755 people, 43,893 households, and 30,768 families residing in the county. The population density was 19 people per square mile (7/km²). There were 51,126 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 76.66% White, 4.52% Black or African American, 1.15% Native American, 1.65% Asian, 0.26% Pacific Islander, 12.05% from other races, and 3.72% from two or more races. 30.69% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.35% reported speaking Spanish at home, while 1.31% speak German .
There were 43,893 households out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.10% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.90% were non-families. 25.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the county the population was spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 14.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 101.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $32,105, and the median income for a family was $38,005. Males had a median income of $30,533 versus $22,252 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,988. About 13.50% of families and 17.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.80% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over.
In 2000, the largest denominational group was the Catholics (with 25,837 adherents) and Evangelical Protestants (with 12,548 adherents). The largest religious bodies were The Catholic Church (with 25,837 members) and The Southern Baptist Convention (with 5,999 members).
County Population Ranking
† county seat
|Rank||City/Town/etc.||Population (2010 Census)||Municipal type||Incorporated|
|3||Sierra Vista Southeast||14,797||CDP|
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Arizona Cultural Inventory Project". Retrieved 29 December 2014.
- "Cochise County Arizona". County Website. Cochise County. 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-25.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- FAA Airport Master Record for P04 ( PDF)
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- "County Membership Reports". thearda.com. Retrieved 2011-08-22.
- Center for New Media and Promotions(C2PO). "2010 Census". Retrieved 29 December 2014.
- Geographic Products Branch. "2010 Census Block Maps - Geography - U.S. Census Bureau". Retrieved 29 December 2014.
||Graham County||Greenlee County|
|Pima County||Hidalgo County, New Mexico|
|Santa Cruz County, Arizona||Agua Prieta, Sonora, Mexico, Cananea, Sonora, Mexico, Naco, Sonora, Mexico, and Santa Cruz, Sonora, Mexico|