Cochrane, Chile

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Cochrane
Town and Commune
The town of Cochrane
The town of Cochrane
Flag
Flag
Map of Cochrane commune in Aisén Region
Map of Cochrane commune in Aisén Region
Location in Chile
Location in Chile
Cochrane
Location in Chile
Coordinates (town): 47°15′17″S 72°34′30″W / 47.25472°S 72.57500°W / -47.25472; -72.57500Coordinates: 47°15′17″S 72°34′30″W / 47.25472°S 72.57500°W / -47.25472; -72.57500
Country Chile
Region Aisén
Province Capitán Prat
Founded 1954
Founded as Pueblo Nuevo ("New Town")
Government[1]
 • Type Municipality
 • Alcalde Patricio Ulloa Georgia (UDI)
Area[2]
 • Total 8,930.5 km2 (3,448.1 sq mi)
Elevation 199 m (653 ft)
Population (2012 Census)[2]
 • Total 2,976
 • Density 0.33/km2 (0.86/sq mi)
 • Urban 2,217
 • Rural 650
Sex[2]
 • Men 1,555
 • Women 1,312
Time zone CLT (UTC−4)
 • Summer (DST) CLST (UTC−3)
Area code(s) 56 + 67
Website Official website (Spanish)

Cochrane is a Chilean town and commune in Capitán Prat Province of the Aisén Region. According to the 2002 census it has a population of 2,867. The urban population in 2002 was 2,217 and the rural population was 650.

Cochrane was founded in 1954 (as Pueblo Nuevo), but didn't have road access to the rest of Chile until 1988, when the Carretera Austral was opened. The town was later named Cochrane in honour of Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, a British naval captain and radical politician who was appointed the first Admiral of the Chilean Navy in 1818 and made a major contribution to winning independence for the young nation from Spain. Cochrane remains the southernmost town along the highway, with only a few villages south of it.

Nearby is the prominent peak of Monte San Lorenzo, also known as Cerro Cochrane.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Cochrane spans an area of 8,930.5 km2 (3,448 sq mi) and has 2,867 inhabitants (1,555 men and 1,312 women). Of these, 2,217 (77.3%) lived in urban areas and 650 (22.7%) in rural areas. The population fell by 4.3% (129 persons) between the 1992 and 2002 censuses.[2]

Administration[edit]

Cochrane

As a commune, Cochrane is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2008-2012 alcalde is Patricio Ulloa Georgia (UDI). The council has the following members:[1]

  • María Quijanes Millao (PRSD)
  • Lindor Lopez Cruces (RN)
  • Jorge Patricio Abello Moll (ILC)
  • Patricia Quintana Cruces (ILE)
  • Tatiana Aguilera Lopez (ILC)
  • Andres Chavarria Alarcon (ILE)

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Cochrane is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by René Alinco (PDC) and David Sandoval (UDI) as part of the 59th electoral district, which includes the entire Aisén Region. The commune is represented in the Senate by Antonio Horvath Kiss (RN) and Patricio Walker Prieto (PDC) as part of the 18th senatorial constituency (18).

Climate[edit]

Cochrane has an oceanic climate (Köppen Cfb) with drying trend in summer. Owing to its location in a valley behind the Northern Patagonian Ice Field, it is shielded from the heavy rainfall caused by the Humboldt Current, but the precipitation is still relatively abundant and able to support forest, unlike further east in Argentinian Patagonia.

Climate data for Cochrane
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.8
(91)
31.0
(87.8)
31.2
(88.2)
24.4
(75.9)
33.3
(91.9)
15.8
(60.4)
23.0
(73.4)
23.6
(74.5)
24.0
(75.2)
24.8
(76.6)
27.8
(82)
31.4
(88.5)
33.3
(91.9)
Average high °C (°F) 19.3
(66.7)
19.4
(66.9)
16.9
(62.4)
12.7
(54.9)
7.8
(46)
4.1
(39.4)
4.2
(39.6)
7.3
(45.1)
11.2
(52.2)
14.2
(57.6)
16.4
(61.5)
18.1
(64.6)
12.6
(54.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 15.8
(60.4)
15.3
(59.5)
13.1
(55.6)
9.3
(48.7)
5.2
(41.4)
1.9
(35.4)
1.8
(35.2)
4.5
(40.1)
7.9
(46.2)
10.8
(51.4)
13.0
(55.4)
14.7
(58.5)
9.4
(48.9)
Average low °C (°F) 9.4
(48.9)
8.8
(47.8)
6.8
(44.2)
4.2
(39.6)
1.8
(35.2)
−0.7
(30.7)
−1
(30)
0.4
(32.7)
2.7
(36.9)
5.0
(41)
7.3
(45.1)
8.8
(47.8)
4.5
(40.1)
Record low °C (°F) 0.0
(32)
0.8
(33.4)
−2.2
(28)
−4.1
(24.6)
−7.6
(18.3)
−12.5
(9.5)
−13.2
(8.2)
−11.5
(11.3)
−5.8
(21.6)
−2.8
(27)
−1.2
(29.8)
0.0
(32)
−13.2
(8.2)
Precipitation mm (inches) 42.6
(1.677)
32.6
(1.283)
47.0
(1.85)
63.7
(2.508)
83.5
(3.287)
79.5
(3.13)
84.5
(3.327)
86.5
(3.406)
56.7
(2.232)
47.0
(1.85)
43.8
(1.724)
47.1
(1.854)
714.5
(28.13)
Avg. precipitation days 9 8 9 10 13 11 12 12 9 8 9 9 119
Source: Dirección Meteorológica de Chile [3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b (Spanish) "Municipality of Cochrane". Retrieved 17 January 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d (Spanish) "National Statistics Institute". Retrieved 16 January 2010. 
  3. ^ "Estadisca Climatologica Tomo III" (in Spanish). Dirección General de Aeronáutica Civil. March 2001. Retrieved May 3, 2013. 

External links[edit]