|Region of origin||Western Scotland, Ireland|
|Language(s) of origin||Scottish Gaelic|
|Related names||Corcoran, Cochran, Cocrane, Cocran, Cochren, Cockram, Cockran, Cockren, Cochern, Colqueran, Coughran|
|Clan affiliations||Clan Cochrane|
|Footnotes: Frequency Comparisons|
Cochrane is a surname with multiple independent origins, two Scottish and one Irish. One Scottish version originates from a place in Scotland, and both the Irish surname and the other Scottish surname are anglicisations for a Gaelic language surname.
The name Cochrane originates from a habitational name derived from the "Lowlands of Cochrane", near Paisley in Renfrewshire. The derivation of the place name is uncertain. One possibility is that it is derived from the Welsh coch meaning "red"; however this theory is not supported by the early spelling of the name Coueran. Early recorded bearers of the surname are Waldeve de Coueran in 1262; William de Coughran in 1296; and Robert de Cochrane in about 1360.
The surname is especially concentrated in England in the counties of Durham in the North of England and Kent in the south. In Scotland, Cochrane is found in high frequency in the counties of South Lanarkshire, West Lothian and in Renfrewshire. The surname is the 784th most common last name in the United Kingdom. There are a number of spelling variations including Cochran, Cockren, and Coughran.
Together Scotland and England have the highest percentage of the Cochrane surname anywhere in the world. In Ireland, the surname Cochrane is especially concentrated in the northern province of Ulster where it was introduced by Protestant Scots settlers during the Plantation period of the 17th century. It was also adopted as an anglicisation by some Corcoran families.
In Northern Ireland, the surname Cochrane is concentrated in the counties of Antrim, Londonderry, Down and Tyrone. James Cochrane, an Ulsterman, was a 19th-century entrepreneur who helped the Northern Irish whiskey Bushmills and the Old Bushmills Distillery gain world wide popularity.
In the United States of America, the first Cochranes arrived amongst the Ulster-Scots immigrants to the British North American colonies of New Hampshire and Pennsylvania. Some of the earliest Cochranes in the United States came from County Antrim, Northern Ireland, in the early 18th century after obtaining a land grant from the Governor of Massachusetts. Later Cochranes would arrive from Scotland and England.
Virtute et Laboure, translated as being by valour and exertion.
- Sir Alexander Inglis Cochrane, British 18th/19th century seaman
- Alexander Baillie-Cochrane, British Conservative Party (UK) politician
- Alun Cochrane, Scottish comedian
- Archibald Cochrane, 9th Earl of Dundonald, Scottish nobleman and inventor.
- Archibald Cochrane, Rear admiral in the Royal Navy
- Sir Archibald Douglas Cochrane, Unionist-Conservative and British Governor of Burma.
- Archie Cochrane, British physician and researcher, after whom the Cochrane Collaboration is named.
- Sir Arthur Cochrane, long-serving officer of arms at the College of Arms in London.
- Aaron Van Schaick Cochrane (1858–1943), U.S. Representative from New York, nephew of Isaac Whitbeck Van Schaick
- Basil Cochrane
- Dennis Cochrane, Canadian politician and civil servant.
- Sir Desmond Cochrane (1918–79)
- Donald Cochrane, Australian politician
- Douglas Cochrane, 12th Earl of Dundonald, Scottish representative peer and a British Army general.
- Elizabeth Jane Cochrane (1864 – 1922), American journalist, writer and inventor.
- Ethel Cochrane, Canadian Progressive Conservative senator.
- Francis Cochrane, Canadian Unionist-Conservative Politician.
- Gordon Cochrane (1916–1994), RNZAF pilot during WWII.
- Henry Clay Cochrane, US Marine Corps
- Lieutenant Hugh Stewart Cochrane. 86th (Royal County Down) Regiment of Foot. 1858. Recipient of Victoria Cross after Battle of Jhansi during the Indian Mutiny.
- Ian Cochrane, British novelist
- John Cochrane (disambiguation), several people.
- John Cochrane (chess player) (1798–1878), Scottish chess player
- John Cochrane (general) (1813–1898), Civil War Union general and New York State Attorney General, 1864–1865
- John Dundas Cochrane, British explorer and cousin of Admiral Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald
- John M. Cochrane (1859–1904), Justice of the North Dakota Supreme Court
- Josephine Cochrane, American inventor
- Justin Cochrane, British football player
- Michael Cochrane, British Actor
- Michael Cochrane (musician), jazz pianist
- Mickey Cochrane, Hall of Fame baseball player.
- Nathaniel Day Cochrane, British naval officer
- Nathan Cochrane, Australian journalist
- Ralph Cochrane, British RAF Air Chief Marshal WW2
- Robert Cochrane (disambiguation), architect to the court of King James III of Scotland
- Robert Cochrane, Wiccan
- Rory Cochrane, American Actor
- Ryan Cochrane (soccer), American soccer player
- Ryan Cochrane (swimmer), Canadian swimmer
- Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, 19th century Royal Navy Admiral and British Whig Party politician
- Thomas Cochrane, 1st Baron Cochrane of Cults, Scottish Conservative-Unionist. British Army General.
- Thomas John Cochrane 19th century governor of Newfoundland
- Tom Cochrane, Canadian musician
- William Cochrane, Scottish MP in the British Parliament
- William Arthur Cochrane, Canadian physician, pediatrician, academic, and medical executive
- William Cochran (physicist) Scottish Physicist
- Zefram Cochrane (fiction), inventor of the warp drive in the Star Trek universe
- British Surnames
- "Cochrane Name Meaning and History". Ancestry.com. Retrieved 15 February 2009.
- Reaney, Percy Hilde; Wilson, Richard Middlewood (1991). A Dictionary of English Surnames (PDFISBN 0-203-99355-1.) (3rd ed.). London: Routledge. p. 695.
- Reaney, Percy Hilde; Wilson, Richard Middlewood (1991). A Dictionary of English Surnames (PDFISBN 0-203-99355-1.) (3rd ed.). London: Routledge. p. xlix.
- Neafsey, Edward (2002). The Surnames of Ireland: Origins and Numbers of Selected Irish Surnames. Irish Root Cafe. p. 36. ISBN 0-940134-97-7.
- Frequency of Cochrane surname in the UK