Cockle Creek Power Station
|Cockle Creek Power Station|
|Location||Teralba, New South Wales|
|Commission date||11 March 1927|
|Decommission date||March 1976|
|Owner(s)||Caledonian Collieries Ltd (Coal & Allied from 1960)|
|Operator(s)||Caledonian Collieries Ltd (Coal & Allied from 1960)|
The Cockle Creek power station was built by Caledonian Collieries Limited between 1925 and 1927 to use low grade coal to provide power to Caledonian Collieries mines and the surrounding townships in both the Lake Macquarie and Cessnock areas. A weir at Barnsley along Cockle Creek was constructed to supply cooling water for the power station.
The initial plant installed at the power station consisted of 2 Brown Boveri 5,000 kW turbo alternators with 2 Babock & Wilcox cross type marine water tube boilers. The two water tube boilers ran at a steam pressure of 215 psi with a capacity of 55,000 lbs of steam per hour each & were each fed by 2 Babock & Wilcox chain grate stokers. The power station building was constructed of brick except for one end wall which was clad in galvanised sheeting to allow for future expansion.
By 1936 with an increase in load requiring extra steam generating plant, a third boiler was ordered. This boiler was also built by Babcock & Wilcox and was a single drum cross type water tube boiler & ran at a steam pressure of 215 psi with a capacity of 38,000 lbs of steam per hour & was fed by a single chain grate stoker. By 1938 the load on the power station had increased to the stage where a third generator set was required. An order was placed with British-Thomson Houston for a 3,222 kW turbo alternator which was then numbered No.3 & was placed into service in March 1939.
Due to a failure at the Department of Railways New South Wales power station at Zaara Street in Newcastle in July 1941 the Department of Railways constructed a transmission line to join with the overland transmission line to Cessnock to allow Cockle Creek to supply power to the Railway's transmission grid.
With increased demand for power during the 1950s a fourth boiler was ordered. This boiler was also built by Babcock & Wilcox and was a bi-drum radiant type water tube boiler & ran at a steam pressure of 415 psi with a capacity of 50,000 lbs of steam per hour & was fed by a single Babcock "Detroit" Rotograte stocker.
In May 1960 Caledonian Collieries amalgamated with J & A Brown and Abermain Seaham Collieries Ltd, with the new company being named Coal & Allied Industries Ltd. Soon afterwards a connection with the J & A Brown Richmond Main to Hexham transmission line was made to interconnect the output of the two power stations.
The power station was closed in March 1976 and was soon demolished.
- Lake Macquarie Heritage Study 1993
- Lake Macquarie City Council (1985). Lake Macquarie : past and present. ISBN 0-9599891-6-1.
- Fetscher, Mark (2008). The Colliery Power Stations. Self Published. ISBN 978-0-646-50740-8.