Cocos Malay

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Cocos Islands Malay
Native to Australia, Malaysia
Region Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Sabah
Native speakers
unknown (1,100 in Australia; unknown number in Sabah cited 1987)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 coa
Glottolog coco1260[2]

Cocos Malay is a post-creolized variety of Malay, spoken by the Cocos Malays of Home Island, Christmas Island, and those originally from the Cocos Islands currently living in Sabah.[1]

Cocos Malay derives from the Malay trade languages of the 19th century, specifically Betawi Malay,[3] with a strong additional Javanese influence. Malay is offered as a second language in schools, and Malaysian has prestige status; both are influencing the language, bringing it more in line with standard Malay.[4]


  1. ^ a b Cocos Islands Malay at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Cocos Islands Malay". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Wurm, Mühlhäusler, & Tryon, Atlas of languages of intercultural communication in the Pacific, Asia and the Americas, 1996:686
  4. ^ Ansaldo, 2006. "Cocos (Keeling) Islands: Language Situation". In Keith Brown, ed. (2005). Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics (2 ed.). Elsevier. ISBN 0-08-044299-4.