Cocos Malay

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Cocos Islands Malay)
Jump to: navigation, search
Cocos Islands Malay
Native to Australia, Malaysia
Region Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Sabah
Ethnicity 4,000 in Malaysia (2000)[1]
Native speakers
unknown (1,100 in Australia cited 1987)[1]
Creole
Language codes
ISO 639-3 coa
Glottolog coco1260[2]

Cocos Malay is a post-creolized variety of Malay, spoken by the Cocos Malays of Home Island, Christmas Island, and those originally from the Cocos Islands currently living in Sabah.[1]

Cocos Malay derives from the Malay trade languages of the 19th century, specifically the Betawi language,[3] with a strong additional Javanese influence. Malay is offered as a second language in schools, and Malaysian has prestige status; both are influencing the language, bringing it more in line with standard Malay.[4]

Characteristic[edit]

  • Javanese influence: cucut "shark", kates "papaya", walikat "shoulderblade" etc.
  • First-person and second-person singular "gua" "lu" from Hokkien.
  • Causative verb "kasi".
  • "Ada" not only mean to "there is ...", but also is progressive particle.
  • Possessive marker "punya".
  • Third person indefinite "ong" from orang "person"[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Cocos Islands Malay at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Cocos Islands Malay". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Wurm, Mühlhäusler, & Tryon, Atlas of languages of intercultural communication in the Pacific, Asia and the Americas, 1996:686
  4. ^ Ansaldo, 2006. "Cocos (Keeling) Islands: Language Situation". In Keith Brown, ed. (2005). Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics (2 ed.). Elsevier. ISBN 0-08-044299-4. 
  5. ^ Alexander Adelaar, 1996. "Malay in the Cocos (Keeling) Islands 1996".