Coda is the ninth and final studio album by the English rock band Led Zeppelin, released in 1982. The album is a collection of unused tracks from various sessions during Led Zeppelin's twelve-year career. It was released two years after the group had officially disbanded following the death of drummer John Bonham. The word coda, meaning a passage that ends a musical piece following the main body, was therefore chosen as a title.
Led Zeppelin guitarist and producer Jimmy Page explained that part of the reasoning for the album's release related to the popularity of unofficial Led Zeppelin recordings which continued to be circulated by fans:
"Coda was released, basically, because there was so much bootleg stuff out. We thought, "Well, if there's that much interest, then we may as well put the rest of our studio stuff out".
Led Zeppelin bass player John Paul Jones recalled:
"They were good tracks. A lot of it was recorded around the time punk was really happening... basically there wasn't a lot of Zeppelin tracks that didn't go out. We used everything.
According to the Led Zeppelin biography Hammer of the Gods, the band also owed Atlantic Records one more album from the five-album deal that created Swan Song Records in 1974. As such, Coda can be seen as a contractual fulfilment.
"We're Gonna Groove" opens the album and, according to the album notes, was recorded at Morgan Studios in June, 1969. It was later acknowledged to have come from a January, 1970 concert at the Royal Albert Hall, with the guitar parts overdubbed and the original guitar part removed—this can be heard in the original Royal Albert Hall show on 9 January 1970. This song was used to open a number of concerts on their 1969 tours, and was originally intended to be recorded for inclusion in Led Zeppelin II.
"Poor Tom" is from sessions for Led Zeppelin III, having been recorded at Olympic Studios in June 1970.
"I Can't Quit You Baby" is taken from the same concert as "We're Gonna Groove" but was listed as a rehearsal in the original liner notes. The recording was edited to remove overall "live" feel: the crowd noise as well as the beginning and ending of the song were deleted. Crowd tracks were muted on the multitrack mixdown on this recording as with "We're Gonna Groove".
The 1993 compact disc edition includes additional tracks, added from the box set series.
Track listing 
||"Baby Come On Home" (recorded 1968, appeared on Boxed Set 2, 1993)
||Bert Berns, Page, Plant
||"Travelling Riverside Blues" (recorded live on 24th June 1969 in London, The United Kingdom, appeared on Boxed Set, 1990)
||Robert Johnson, Page, Plant
||"White Summer/Black Mountain Side" (recorded live on 24th June 1969 in London, The United Kingdom, appeared on Boxed Set, 1990)
||"Hey Hey What Can I Do" (recorded 1970, appeared on B-side to "Immigrant Song" single, 1970)
||Bonham, Jones, Page, Plant
Sales chart performance 
|Norwegian Albums Chart
|UK Albums Chart
|Japanese Albums Chart
|US Cash Box Top 100 Albums Chart
|Canadian RPM Top 100 Albums Chart
|New Zealand Top 50 Albums Chart
|German Albums Chart
|French Albums Chart
|US Billboard The 200 Albums Chart
|Australian Kent Music Report Albums Chart
No commercial or promotional singles were issued, although three tracks received independent radio airplay. These songs were Led Zeppelin's debut on the Billboard Mainstream Rock Tracks chart, as the chart did not exist prior to 21 March 1981.
||Billboard Mainstream Rock
||Billboard Mainstream Rock
||Billboard Mainstream Rock
Sales certifications 
- Led Zeppelin
- Additional personnel
- ^ While some external sources categorise Coda as a compilation album, Led Zeppelin's official album label, Atlantic Records, categorises it as studio album. See for example the liner notes for the Led Zeppelin Box Set, Vol. 2 and the label attached to the Complete Studio Recordings boxed set.
- ^ Liner notes for the Led Zeppelin boxed set".
- ^ a b c d Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. Coda - Led Zeppelin at Allmusic. Retrieved 18 May 2012.
- ^ Christgau, Robert (15 June 1972). "Led Zeppelin". Consumer Guide. Robert Christgau. Retrieved 1 January 2012.
- ^ Loder, Kurt (20 January 1983). "Coda". Album Reviews. Rolling Stone. Retrieved 1 January 2012.
- ^ http://www.rollingstone.com/music/artists/led-zeppelin/albumguide
- ^ "Top 20 Albums – 28 November 1982". norwegiancharts.com. Retrieved 19 January 2009.
- ^ "Top 100 Albums – 4 December 1982". chartstats.com. Retrieved 19 January 2009.
- ^ "Top 100 Albums – 18 December 1982". Oricon. Retrieved 19 January 2009.
- ^ "Top 100 Albums – 25 December 1982". Cash Box. Retrieved 19 January 2009.
- ^ "RPM Albums Chart – 25 December 1982". RPM. Retrieved 19 January 2009.
- ^ Scapolo, Dean (2007). "Top 50 Albums – December 1982". The Complete New Zealand Music Charts (1st ed.). Wellington: Transpress. ISBN 978-1-877443-00-8.
- ^ "Top 100 Albums – December 1982". charts-surfer.de. Retrieved 19 January 2009.
- ^ "Top 100 Albums – 1 January 1983". infodisc.fr. Retrieved 19 January 2009.
- ^ "The Billboard 200 – 15 January 1983". Billboard. Retrieved 19 January 2009.
- ^ "British album certifications – Led Zeppelin – Coda". British Phonographic Industry. Enter Coda in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Click Go
- ^ "American album certifications – Led Zeppelin – Coda". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
External links