Coda (album)

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Coda
The title of the album and the artist written in a stylised font
Studio album by Led Zeppelin
Released 19 November 1982 (1982-11-19)
Recorded 9 January 1970 – 21 November 1978, overdubs 1982 at SOL
Genre Hard rock, blues rock, folk rock
Length 33:04
Label Swan Song
Producer Jimmy Page
Led Zeppelin chronology
In Through the Out Door
(1979)
Coda
(1982)
Led Zeppelin Boxed Set
(1990)

Coda is the ninth and final studio album[1] by the English rock band Led Zeppelin, released in 1982. The album is a collection of unused tracks from various sessions during Led Zeppelin's twelve-year career. It was released two years after the group had officially disbanded following the death of drummer John Bonham. The word coda, meaning a passage that ends a musical piece following the main body, was therefore chosen as a title.

Overview[edit]

Jimmy Page explained that part of the reasoning for the album's release related to the popularity of unofficial Led Zeppelin recordings which continued to be circulated by fans:

"Coda was released, basically, because there was so much bootleg stuff out. We thought, "Well, if there's that much interest, then we may as well put the rest of our studio stuff out".

John Paul Jones recalled:

"They were good tracks. A lot of it was recorded around the time punk was really happening... basically there wasn't a lot of Zeppelin tracks that didn't go out. We used everything.[2]

According to the Led Zeppelin biography Hammer of the Gods, the band also owed Atlantic Records one more album from the five-album deal that created Swan Song Records in 1974. As such, Coda can be seen as a contractual fulfilment.

"We're Gonna Groove" opens the album and, according to the album notes, was recorded at Morgan Studios in June 1969. It was later acknowledged to have come from a January 1970 concert at the Royal Albert Hall, with the guitar parts overdubbed and the original guitar part removed—this can be heard in the original Royal Albert Hall show on 9 January 1970. This song was used to open a number of concerts on their 1969 tours and was originally intended to be recorded for inclusion in Led Zeppelin II.

"Poor Tom" is from sessions for Led Zeppelin III, having been recorded at Olympic Studios in June 1970.

"I Can't Quit You Baby" is taken from the same concert as "We're Gonna Groove" but was listed as a rehearsal in the original liner notes. The recording was edited to remove the overall "live" feel: the crowd noise as well as the beginning and ending of the song were deleted. Crowd tracks were muted on the multitrack mixdown on this recording as with "We're Gonna Groove".

The 1993 compact disc edition includes additional tracks, added from the boxed set series.

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 3/5 stars[3]
Robert Christgau B+[4]
Rolling Stone 4/5 stars[5]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide 2/5 stars[6]

Track listing[edit]

Side one
No. Title Writer(s) Length
1. "We're Gonna Groove" (live on 9 January 1970 in London, The United Kingdom) (edit with guitar overdubs) Ben E. King, James A. Bethea 2:38
2. "Poor Tom" (outtake from Led Zeppelin III) Jimmy Page, Robert Plant 2:59
3. "I Can't Quit You Baby" (Otis Rush cover) (live on 9 January 1970 in London, The United Kingdom) (edit) Willie Dixon 4:14
4. "Walter's Walk" (outtake from Houses of the Holy, possibly with later overdubs) Page, Plant 4:26
Side two
No. Title Writer(s) Length
1. "Ozone Baby" (outtake from In Through the Out Door) Page, Plant 3:25
2. "Darlene" (outtake from In Through the Out Door) John Bonham, John Paul Jones, Page, Plant 4:56
3. "Bonzo's Montreux"   Bonham 4:16
4. "Wearing and Tearing" (outtake from In Through the Out Door) Page, Plant 5:26
1993 compact disc edition
Four bonus tracks were added to the remastered compact disc edition included in the career-spanning boxed set Complete Studio Recordings (disc ten), and the subsequent Led Zeppelin Definitive Collection (disc twelve). The bonus tracks were not included on any other versions of the album.
No. Title Writer(s) Length
9. "Baby Come On Home" (recorded 1968, appeared on Boxed Set 2, 1993) Bert Berns, Page, Plant 4:30
10. "Travelling Riverside Blues" (recorded live on 24 June 1969 in London, The United Kingdom, appeared on Led Zeppelin Boxed Set, 1990) Robert Johnson, Page, Plant 5:11
11. "White Summer/Black Mountain Side" (recorded live on 27 June 1969 in London, The United Kingdom, appeared on Led Zeppelin Boxed Set, 1990) Page 8:01
12. "Hey Hey What Can I Do" (recorded 1970, appeared on B-side to "Immigrant Song" single, 1970) Bonham, Jones, Page, Plant 3:55

Sales chart performance[edit]

Album
Chart (1982) Peak Position
Norwegian Albums Chart[7] 18
UK Albums Chart[8] 4
Japanese Albums Chart[9] 16
US Cash Box Top 100 Albums Chart[10] 6
Canadian RPM Top 100 Albums Chart[11] 3
New Zealand Top 50 Albums Chart[12] 7
German Albums Chart[13] 43
French Albums Chart[14] 18
US Billboard The 200 Albums Chart[15] 6
Australian Kent Music Report Albums Chart 9
Singles

No commercial or promotional singles were issued, although three tracks received independent radio airplay. These songs were Led Zeppelin's debut on the Billboard Mainstream Rock Tracks chart, as the chart did not exist prior to 21 March 1981.

Year Single Chart Position
1982 "Darlene" Billboard Mainstream Rock 4[3]
1982 "Ozone Baby" Billboard Mainstream Rock 14[3]
1982 "Poor Tom" Billboard Mainstream Rock 18[3]

Sales certifications[edit]

Region Certification Sales/shipments
United Kingdom (BPI)[16] Silver 60,000^
United States (RIAA)[17] Platinum 1,000,000^

^shipments figures based on certification alone

Personnel[edit]

Led Zeppelin
Production

References[edit]

  1. ^ While some external sources categorise Coda as a compilation album, Led Zeppelin's official album label, Atlantic Records, categorises it as studio album. See for example the liner notes for Led Zeppelin Boxed Set 2 and the label attached to The Complete Studio Recordings boxed set.
  2. ^ Liner notes for the Led Zeppelin Led Zeppelin Boxed Set".
  3. ^ a b c d Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. Coda - Led Zeppelin at AllMusic. Retrieved 18 May 2012.
  4. ^ Christgau, Robert (15 June 1972). "Led Zeppelin". Consumer Guide. Robert Christgau. Retrieved 1 January 2012. 
  5. ^ Loder, Kurt (20 January 1983). "Coda". Album Reviews. Rolling Stone. Retrieved 1 January 2012. 
  6. ^ http://www.rollingstone.com/music/artists/led-zeppelin/albumguide
  7. ^ "Top 20 Albums – 28 November 1982". norwegiancharts.com. Retrieved 19 January 2009. 
  8. ^ "Top 100 Albums – 4 December 1982". chartstats.com. Retrieved 19 January 2009. 
  9. ^ "Top 100 Albums – 18 December 1982". Oricon. Retrieved 19 January 2009. 
  10. ^ "Top 100 Albums – 25 December 1982". Cash Box. Retrieved 19 January 2009. [dead link]
  11. ^ "RPM Albums Chart – 25 December 1982". RPM. Retrieved 19 January 2009. 
  12. ^ Scapolo, Dean (2007). "Top 50 Albums – December 1982". The Complete New Zealand Music Charts (1st ed.). Wellington: Transpress. ISBN 978-1-877443-00-8. 
  13. ^ "Top 100 Albums – December 1982". charts-surfer.de. Retrieved 19 January 2009. [dead link]
  14. ^ "Top 100 Albums – 1 January 1983". infodisc.fr. Retrieved 19 January 2009. 
  15. ^ "The Billboard 200 – 15 January 1983". Billboard. Retrieved 19 January 2009. [dead link]
  16. ^ "British album certifications – Led Zeppelin – Coda". British Phonographic Industry.  Enter Coda in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Click Go
  17. ^ "American album certifications – Led Zeppelin – Coda". Recording Industry Association of America.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH

External links[edit]