Codex Petropolitanus Purpureus

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For the similarly named manuscript, see Codex Petropolitanus (New Testament).
New Testament manuscripts
papyriuncialsminusculeslectionaries
Uncial 022
Matthew 10:10-17
Matthew 10:10-17
Name Petropolitanus Purpureus
Sign N
Text Gospels
Date 6th century
Script Greek
Found Sarmisahly (or Sarumsahly)
Now at National Library of Russia
Size 32 cm x 27 cm
Type Byzantine
Category V
Note purple codex

Codex Petropolitanus Purpureus, designated by N or 022 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 19 (Soden), is a 6th-century Greek New Testament codex gospel book. Written in majuscules (capital letters), on 231 parchment leaves, measuring 32 x 27 cm. Paleographically it has been assigned to the 6th century.[1]

Codex Petropolitanus Purpureus, along with the manuscripts Φ, O, and Σ, belongs to the group of the Purple Uncials. The manuscript is very lacunose.[1]

Description[edit]

It contains text of the four Gospels with a large number of lacunae.[1] The manuscript text is in two columns, 16 lines, 12 letters in line, in large uncial letters. The lettering is in silver ink on vellum dyed purple, with gold ink for nomina sacra (ΙΣ, ΘΣ, ΚΣ, ΥΣ, and ΣΩΤΗΡ). It has errors of iotacisms, as the change of ι and ει, αι and ε.[2]

It can be calculated that the original codex contained 462 leaves.[3]

Before each Gospel, the tables of κεφάλαια (tables of contents) were placed. The text is divided according to the κεφάλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin. At the top of the pages τίτλοι (titles of chapters) are preserved. The Ammonian sections and the Eusebian Canons are presented in the margin.[2]

Lacunae[edit]

Gospel of Matthew 1:1-24, 2:7-20, 3:4-6:24, 7:15-8:1, 8:24-31, 10:28-11:3, 12:40-13:4, 13:33-41, 14:6-22, 15:14-31, 16:7-18:5, 18:26-19:6, 19:13-20:6, 21:19-26:57, 26:65-27:26, 26:34-end;

Gospel of Mark 1:1-5:20. 7:4-20, 8:32-9:1, 10:43-11:7, 12:19-24:25, 15:23-33, 15:42-16:20;

Gospel of Luke 1:1-2:23, 4:3-19, 4:26-35, 4:42-5:12, 5:33-9:7, 9:21-28, 9:36-58, 10:4-12, 10:35-11:14, 11:23-12:12, 12:21-29, 18:32-19:17, 20:30-21:22, 22:49-57, 23:41-24:13, 24:21-39, 24:49-end;

Gospel of John 1:1-21, 1:39-2:6, 3:30-4:5, 5:3-10, 5:19-26, 6:49-57, 9:33-14:2, 14:11-15:14, 15:22-16:15, 20:23-25, 20:28-30, 21:20-end.[4]

Text[edit]

The text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type, with numerous pre-Byzantine readings.[5] According to Scrivener "it exhibits strong Alexandrian forms."[6] According to Streeter in some parts it has the Caesarean readings. Aland placed it in Category V,[1] and it is certain that it is more Byzantine than anything else.

The texts of Luke 22:43-44, and John 7:53–8:11 are omitted.

In John 1:27 it has the addition εκεινος υμας Βαπτιζει εν πνευματι αγιω και πυρι.[7]

History[edit]

Text of John 14:6 in facsimile edition

It is understood that the manuscript originated in the imperial scriptorium of Constantinople and was dismembered by crusaders in the 12th century. In 1896 Nicholas II of Russia commissioned Fyodor Uspensky's Russian Archaeological Institute of Constantinople to buy the greater part of it for the Imperial Public Library in St. Petersburg.[2]

The codex was examined by Lambeck, Montfaucon, Hermann Treschow, Alter, Hartel, Wickholf, Bianchini, H.S. Cronin, and Duchesne.

Wettstein in 1715 examined 4 leaves housed at London (Cotton Titus C. XV) and marked them by I.[8] Wettstein cited only 5 of its readings. According to Scrivener it has 57 various readings.[9][10] Bianchini described portions housed at the Vatican Library. The same portions examined and collated for Scholz Gaetano Luigi Marini.

Vienna fragments, Codex Vindobonensis, were examined by Wettstein, who marked them by siglum N.[11] Treschow in 1773 and Alter in 1787 had given imperfect collations of Vienna fragments.[12] Peter Lambeck gave the wrong suggestion that Vienna fragments and Vienna Genesis originally belonged to the same codex.[2][13]

Tischendorf published fragments of this manuscript in 1846 in his Monumenta sacra et profana. Tischendorf considered it as a fragment of the same codex as 6 leaves from Vatican, and 2 leaves from Vienna.[14]

Louis Duchesne described the Patmos portions (1876).[15] Athens and New York portions were edited by Stanley Rypins in 1956.

A facsimile of all fragments was published 2002 in Athens.[16]

Present location[edit]

The 231 extant folios of the manuscript are kept in different libraries:[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 113. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  2. ^ a b c d Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs’sche Buchhandlung. pp. 56–58. 
  3. ^ Frederic G. Kenyon, "Handbook to the Textual Criticism of the New Testament", London2, 1912, pp. 110.
  4. ^ NA26, p. 691.
  5. ^ Metzger, Bruce M.; Ehrman, Bart D. (2005). The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption and Restoration (4 ed.). New York – Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 79. ISBN 978-0-19-516122-9. 
  6. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1 (4th ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 141. 
  7. ^ NA26, p. 249
  8. ^ Wettstein, Johann Jakob (1751). Novum Testamentum Graecum editionis receptae cum lectionibus variantibus codicum manuscripts (in Latin) 1. Amsterdam: Ex Officina Dommeriana. p. 40. Retrieved November 14, 2010. 
  9. ^ Scrivener, F. H. A., A Full and Exact Collation of About 20 Greek Manuscripts of the Holy Gospels (Cambridge and London, 1852), p. XL.
  10. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. pp. 139–140. 
  11. ^ Wettstein, Johann Jakob (1751). Novum Testamentum Graecum editionis receptae cum lectionibus variantibus codicum manuscripts (in Latin) 1. Amsterdam: Ex Officina Dommeriana. p. 41. Retrieved November 14, 2010. 
  12. ^ F. K. Alter, Novum Testamentum Graecum, ad Codicem Vindobonensem Graece expressum: Varietam Lectionis addidit Franciscus Carolus Alter, 1 vol., Vienna, 999-1001.
  13. ^ P. Lambeck, Commentarii De Augustissima Bibliotheca Caesarea Vindobonensi ed. alt. opera et studio Adami Franc. Kollarii, Wien, Bd. (Buch) 3 (1776), col. 30-32.
  14. ^ F. H. A. Scrivener, A Full and Exact Collation of About 20 Greek Manuscripts of the Holy Gospels (Cambridge and London, 1852), p. XL.
  15. ^ L. Duchesne, Archives des missions scientifiques et littéraires (Paris, 1876), vol. 3, pp. 386-419.
  16. ^ The purple codex of the Gospels of Patmos and Petroupolis, Athens 2002.
  17. ^ "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 16 March 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]