Codex Veronensis

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Codex Veronensis

The Codex Veronensis, designated by siglum b or 4 (in the Beuron system), is a 4th or 5th century Latin Gospel Book. The text, written on purple dyed vellum in silver and occasionally gold ink, is a version of the old Latin. The Gospels follow in the Western order.[1]

Description[edit]

The manuscript contains the Latin text of the four Gospels. It has several lacunae (Matthew 1:1-11; 15:12-23; 23:18-27; John 7:44-8:12; Luke 19:26-21:29; Mark 13:9-19; 13:24-16:20).[2] In this codex, several pages are missing, including, notably, the pages which contained John 7:44-8:11. Space-considerations show that the missing pages included John 7:53-8:11, the passage known as the Pericope Adulterae.

In Luke 8:21 it reads αυτον instead of αυτους; the reading αυτον is supported by Papyrus 75, and Minuscule 705.[3]

In John 1:34 reads ὁ ἐκλεκτός together with the manuscripts \mathfrak{P}5, \mathfrak{P}106, א, e, ff2, syrc, s.

In John 14:14 the entire verse is omitted along with manuscripts X f1 565 1009 1365 76 253 vgmss syrs, pal arm geo Diatessaron.[4]

The Latin text of the codex is a representative of the Western text-type in European recension.[5] In Francis Crawford Burkitt's opinion (the Divinity scholar who worked in the early 20th century), it represents the type of text that Jerome used as the basis of the Vulgate.[6]

The manuscript was examined by Giuseppe Bianchini in the mid-18th century. The text was edited by Bianchini, Belsheim,[7] and Jülicher.[1]

It was named Veronensis after Verona, where it was located.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bruce M. Metzger, The Early Versions of the New Testament, Oxford University Press, 1977, p. 296.
  2. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, Vol. 2 (fourth ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 45. 
  3. ^ NA26, p. 181
  4. ^ UBS3, p. 390.
  5. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1902). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments 2. Leipzig. p. 601. 
  6. ^ Bruce M. Metzger, The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption, and Restoration, Oxford University Press 2005, p. 102.
  7. ^ J. Belsheim, Codex Veronensis. Quattuor Evangelia (Prague, 1904).

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]