Codex Zouche-Nuttall

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Codex Zouche-Nuttall
Codex Zouche-Nuttall, page 20.jpg
Detail of page 20 from the codex
Material Animal skin
Size 11.35 metres in length
Created 14th-15th Centuries AD
Present location British Museum, London
Registration Add.Mss. 39671

The Codex Zouche-Nuttall is an accordion-folded pre-Columbian document of Mixtec pictography, now in the collections of the British Museum. It is one of about 16 manuscripts from Mexico that are Pre-columbian in origin. The codex derives its name from Zelia Nuttall, who first published it in 1902, and Baroness Zouche, its donor.[1][2]

Description[edit]

The Codex Zouche-Nuttall was probably made in the 14th century and is composed of fourteen sections of animal skin with dimensions of 19 cm by 23.5 cm. The codex folds together like a screen and is vividly painted on both sides, the condition of the document is by and large excellent. It is one of three codices that record the genealogies, alliances and conquests of several 11th and 12th century rulers of a small Mixtec city-state in highland Oaxaca, the Tilantongo kingdom, especially under the leadership of the warrior Lord Eight Deer Jaguar Claw (who died in the early twelfth century at the age of fifty-two).

Provenance[edit]

A facsimile of the Codex Zouche-Nuttall on display in the British Museum.

The codex probably reached Spain in the 16th century. It was first identified at the Monastery of San Marco, Florence, in 1854 and was sold in 1859 to J Temple Leader who sent it to his friend Robert Curzon, 14th Baron Zouche. A facsimile was published while it was in the collection of Baron Zouche by the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard in 1902, with an introduction by Zelia Nuttall (1857–1933). The British Museum was loaned the manuscript in 1876 and acquired it in 1917.

Ballcourt in the Codex Nuttall. Drawing by Lacambalam.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ British Museum Highlights [1]
  2. ^ British Museum Collection [2]

Bibliography[edit]

  • E.H. Boone, Stories in red and black: pict (Austin, University of Texas Press, 2000)
  • Z. Nuttall, Codex Nuttall: facsimile of an (Cambridge, Mass., Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, 1902)
  • G. Brotherstone, Painted books of Mexico (London, The British Museum Press, 1995)
  • C. McEwan, Ancient Mexico in the British (London, The British Museum Press, 1994)
  • F. Anders, M. Jansen and G. A. Pérez Jiménez, Códice Zouche-Nuttall, facsimile with commentary and line drawing (Madrid, Sociedad Estatal Quinto Centenario; Graz, Akademische Druck-u. Verlagsanstalt; Mexico City, Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1992)
Fewkes, J. Walter (April–June 1902). "Codex Nuttall. Facsimile of an Ancient Mexican Codex Belonging to Lord Zouche of Harynworth,[sic] England [review]" (online text reproduction). American Anthropologist New Series (Washington, DC: Anthropological Society of Washington, American Ethnological Society) 4 (2): pp.298–301. doi:10.1525/aa.1902.4.2.02a00100. ISSN 0002-7294. OCLC 1479294. 
Tozzer, Alfred M. (July–September 1933). "Zelia Nuttall" (PDF online reproduction). American Anthropologist New Series (Arlington, VA: American Anthropological Association and affiliated societies) 35 (3): pp.475–482. doi:10.1525/aa.1933.35.3.02a00070. ISSN 0002-7294. OCLC 1479294.