Codford

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Codford
Codford is located in Wiltshire
Codford
Codford
 Codford shown within Wiltshire
Population 821 (in 2001)[1]
OS grid reference ST970397
Civil parish Codford
Unitary authority Wiltshire
Ceremonial county Wiltshire
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Warminster
Postcode district BA12
Dialling code 01985
Police Wiltshire
Fire Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament South West Wiltshire
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire

Coordinates: 51°09′24″N 2°02′39″W / 51.15655°N 2.04428°W / 51.15655; -2.04428

Codford is a village and civil parish south of Salisbury Plain in the Wylye Valley in Wiltshire, England.

Location[edit]

The village is on the A36 road between Salisbury and Warminster. The A36 previously ran along the whole length of the Codford High Street, but a bypass was built in the 1990s which has removed the through traffic.

History[edit]

The village was formed from the two parishes of Codford St Mary and Codford St Peter. The two adjacent villages grew together and their union was formalised in 1928[citation needed] with the approval of the union of the benefice of the two Codfords. Six years later the two parishes became one. Both churches however are still in use today. The village also incorporates the Tything of Ashton Gifford, a settlement that was cleared to make way for the principle house of the village in the early 19th century.

A possible neolithic hillfort or enclosure lies to the north east of the village, Codford Circle.

Anglo-Saxon records show that in the year 906 the area was known as 'Codan Ford'[2] probably meaning 'the ford of Coda' (a man's name). The river which is forded is called the Wylye, which may mean winding, treacherous or tricky stream.

The Codford area has had a long history with Anzac soldiersTemplate:Commonwealth War Graves Commission/ 'Warriors For The Working Day- Codford During Two World Wars' Romy Wyeth, The Hobnob Press, Salisbury/ The Men of St Mary's & the ANZAC War Graves/ Romy Wyeth, Gemini/, during World War I large training and transfer camps were established for the tens of thousands of troops waiting to move to France. Codford also became a depot in 1916 for the men who had been evacuated from the front line and were not fit to return to the front.

Army Training Camp at Codford, Wiltshire, England 1917

Codford's 'Anzac Badge' was the idea of an Australian Brigade Commander during World War I of 1914-1918 who wished to leave a visible memento behind his brigade when it departed. This consists of a gigantic Rising Sun badge (measuring 53 x 45 metres), carved into the grass of 'Misery Hill' (exposing the underlying bright white chalk) in 1916.

The soldiers of 13 Trg Bn AIF who maintained the badge as a form of punishment named the site 'Misery Hill'[3]

The meticulously maintained Commonwealth War GraveC emetery nearby is the second largest New Zealand War Grave Cemetery in the UK, and contains the graves of 97 Anzac troops, 66 New Zealanders, and 31 Australians, plus 1 Welsh Guardsman from WWII. The effect of two World Wars still resonates in the local community and there is still a sense of welcoming towards Australians and New Zealanders. Codford villagers hold a remembrance ceremony on 25 April [Anzac Day] at 6.30am each year.

The Australian Rising Sun Badge and the War Cemetery are now the only visible reminders of a period when hundreds of troops from Britain, Australia and New Zealand were stationed in and around Codford.

Local government[edit]

Local government services are provided by Wiltshire County with offices in Trowbridge, some fifteen miles to the north. Codford also has its own elected parish council of nine members.[4]

The village is represented in Parliament by the MP for South West Wiltshire, Andrew Murrison. Its representative in Wiltshire Council is Christopher Newbury.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Codford Census Information". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 19 April 2013. 
  2. ^ A Dictionary of Modern Place Names A.D.Mills Oxford University Press page 85
  3. ^ Warriors For The Working Day-Codford During Two World Wars,' Romy Wyeth, The Hobnob Press, Salisbury.
  4. ^ Codford PC at westwilts-communityweb.com

External links[edit]