Codnor shown within Derbyshire
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
|UK Parliament||Amber Valley|
Codnor is a Derbyshire village in the Amber Valley district, and a former mining community, with a population of nearly 5,000. It is approximately 12 miles from the city of Derby and 14 miles from Nottingham by road.
It is listed in an entry in the Domesday Book of 1086, the great survey commissioned by William the Conqueror. A mill and church were mentioned, and also the fact that "Warner holds it". Coalmining had a long history locally, and was, at one time, responsible for subsidence damage to some buildings.Opencast mining is still in operation today within the area and the land around the castle has also been subject to this. The farm and fields adjoining the castle is up for sale for housing development by UK Coal so any archaeology that could be there will be lost as so much already have through opencast mining in this area.
One mile east of the village centre is Codnor Castle; the original Norman earthwork 'motte and bailey' was built by William Peveril, (Peveril of the Peak, who also built the better known Peveril Castle at Castleton). The 13th century stone structure which replaced it is now in ruins. The castle was formerly held by the powerful de Grey family. The castle overlooks the valley of the little River Erewash, which forms the county boundary between Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire, and the now defunct section of the Cromford Canal. The castle was the subject of a 'Time Team' investigation - first aired on 6 January 2008 - which discovered many new facts about the structure, as well as unearthing a solid gold coin, a 'noble' of Henry V. There is now a very active preservation society for the castle.
At one time, the village had a railway station (Crosshill and Codnor) which was operated as part of the Midland Railway. The branch line was torn up when colliery traffic waned, and the only signs of it that are now left are a converted station yard and some embankments.
Codnor also had three Methodist chapels, all in the Ripley Circuit, as well as the Anglican church of St James, at Crosshill. The village was also the birthplace of the noted Victorian phrenologist 'Professor' Joseph Millott Severn, who authored the book My Village: Owd Codnor and funded a set of alms houses in the centre of the village, which still stand to this day.
In recent years, the village has had traffic problems, especially in the rush hour, and traffic coming into Codnor can sometimes be at a complete stand-still. This is because the A610 (the main road to/from Nottingham) goes through Codnor, carrying traffic to Ripley, and further places such as Matlock. Codnor also used to be served by trams; the 'Ripley Rattler' (so-called), used to travel between that town and Nottingham. These were quite notorious, and were even the subject of a short story - "Tickets Please" - by local writer D. H. Lawrence (born 4 miles away, in Eastwood). The standards, which had carried the electric power lines for the trams, and the later trolley buses, were not removed until the early 1960s.
Codnor has its own golf club, Ormonde Fields.
Codnor has a cricket club which has been in existence since 1924. Whilst having some difficult times in the early stages of the club, the club now plays at a competitive standard in the Derbyshire county league and fields both a 1st and 2nd eleven as well as two youth teams. The club currently play on Goose Lane, which used to be home to Codnor Miners Welfare before it was shut down in 2007.
Red, White and Blue Festival
The event took place on private land, off Codnor-Denby Lane, to the south of Codnor. In 2008 and 2009, there were counter-demonstrations and organised marches, commencing at the Market Place in Codnor and terminating at the church at the start of Codnor-Denby Lane. The event was heavily policed; the estimated security costs in 2009 were £500,000.
- James Woolley Clockmaker
- Joseph Millott Severn, phrenologist, was born here.
- Nick Wright, a former professional footballer, was born here.
- James Hunt, footballer, was born here.
- Chanel Cresswell, actress, grew up here.
- Arnold Warren, fast bowler, lived here.
|North West Ripley, Butterley||North: Golden Valley, Riddings, Somercotes||North East: Ironville, Jacksdale|
|West: Waingroves, Ripley||Codnor||East: Codnor Castle, Stoneyford, Brinsley|
|South West: Denby, Kilburn||South: Loscoe, Heanor||South East: Langley Mill, Eastwood|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Codnor.|