Codogno

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Codogno
Comune
Città di Codogno
The old Soave Hospital in Codogno.
The old Soave Hospital in Codogno.
Coat of arms of Codogno
Coat of arms
Map - IT - Lodi - Codogno.png
Codogno is located in Italy
Codogno
Codogno
Location of Codogno in Italy
Coordinates: 45°9′N 9°42′E / 45.150°N 9.700°E / 45.150; 9.700
Country Italy
Region Lombardy
Province Lodi (LO)
Frazioni Maiocca, Triulza
Government
 • Mayor Vincenzo Ceretti
Area
 • Total 20 km2 (8 sq mi)
Elevation 58 m (190 ft)
Population (30 November 2012)
 • Total 15,462
 • Density 770/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Demonym Codognesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 26845
Dialing code 0377
Patron saint San Biagio
Saint day 3 February
Website Official website

Codogno (Cudogn in the Lodi dialect) is a town and comune of 15,462 inhabitants in the province of Lodi, Lombardy, Italy. It is the main center of the plain known as Basso Lodigiano, which has about 90,000 inhabitants. It received the honorary title of city with a presidential decree on June 26, 1955.

History[edit]

There is evidence of a settlement dating back to Roman penetration of Gaul, where it is thought to have been used as a castrum. The Latin form of the name Codogna was "Cothoneum" and is believed to derive from the name of the consul Aurelius Cotta, conqueror of the Gauls, who inhabited these lands at that time. However, it is not until 997 C.E. that the name of the town is found in print. It is mentioned in a charter of Emperor Otto II. It has also been suggested that the name may be derived from the cydonia apple, or the melo cotogno, a species of quince, both common in this region.

In 1441, after long jurisdiction by the bishops of Lodi, the settlement was sold to the Venetian family Fagnani by Filippo Maria Visconti, the Duke of Milan and subsequently, in 1450, to Gian Giacomo Trivulzio under whom it was granted the status of borgo ("burg", a fortified town) by Francesco I Sforza.

During this time, Codogno had developed a thriving commercial life, and having a fiercely autonomous spirit, they wished to be independent of Trivulzio. The Codognesi sought inclusion in the jurisdiction of Piacenza in order to have a wider and freer market. Thus, by an act ratified on April 21, 1492, they became citizens of Piacenza. To demonstrate their gratitude, they altered their coat-of-arms to show the Roman she-wolf (the symbol of Piacenza), tied to a quince tree (the symbol of Codogno) with a gold chain.

Sports[edit]

U.S. Codogno (previously "Associazione Calcio Codogno 1908") is an Association Football club based in Codogno. It was formed in 1908.

Notable people[edit]

Twin towns[edit]