Howard W. Hunter

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Howard W. Hunter
Howard W. Hunter.JPG
14th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
June 5, 1994 (1994-06-05) – March 3, 1995 (1995-03-03)
Predecessor Ezra Taft Benson
Successor Gordon B. Hinckley
President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
May 20, 1988 (1988-05-20) – June 5, 1994 (1994-06-05)
End reason Became President of the Church
Acting President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
November 10, 1985 (1985-11-10) – May 20, 1988 (1988-05-20)
End reason Became President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
October 10, 1959 (1959-10-10) – June 5, 1994 (1994-06-05)
Called by David O. McKay
End reason Became President of the Church
LDS Church Apostle
October 15, 1959 (1959-10-15) – March 3, 1995 (1995-03-03)
Called by David O. McKay
Reason Death of Stephen L Richards and addition of Henry D. Moyle to First Presidency
Reorganization
at end of term
Henry B. Eyring ordained
Personal details
Born Howard William Hunter
(1907-11-14)November 14, 1907
Boise, Idaho, United States
Died March 3, 1995(1995-03-03) (aged 87)
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States
Resting place Salt Lake City Cemetery
40°46′37.92″N 111°51′28.8″W / 40.7772000°N 111.858000°W / 40.7772000; -111.858000
Spouse Clara May Jeffs
(1931–1983) (her death)
Inis Stanton
(1990–1995) (his death)
Children 3
  Cody Howard
Signature  
Signature of Howard W. Hunter

Howard William Hunter (November 14, 1907 – March 3, 1995) was an American lawyer and was the fourteenth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) from 1994 to 1995. His nine-month presidential tenure is the shortest in the church's history. Hunter was the first president of the LDS Church born in the 20th century. He was sustained as an LDS apostle at the age of 51, and served as a general authority for over 35 years.

Early life[edit]

Hunter was born in Boise, Idaho. His father was not a Latter-day Saint (he joined the church in 1927)[1] and would not allow his baptism until he was 12; Hunter was ordained to the Aaronic priesthood several months after he turned 12.[2] He was the second person to become an Eagle Scout in the state of Idaho.[3]

In March 1923, the Boise Ward, where Hunter had been a member since his baptism, was split, and he ended up in the new Boise 2nd Ward. It initially met in a Jewish synagogue that was provided free of charge. When calls were issued to build the Boise LDS Tabernacle, Hunter was the first to pledge money for the building, offering $25.[4]

Hunter had a love for music and played the piano, violin, drums, saxophone, clarinet, and trumpet. He formed a band called Hunter's Croonaders, which played at many regional events and on a cruise ship to Asia.

Professional career[edit]

In 1928, Hunter tried a system where he would publish train and bus schedules and charge for advertising, placing them in hotels. The project worked moderately well in such cities as Nampa and Twin Falls, but it failed in Pocatello, Idaho. After this failure, Hunter moved to southern California.[5]

In California, Hunter initially worked in a citrus factory and in shoe sales. After a few weeks he secured a job at a Bank of Italy branch on April 23, 1928.[6] Hunter studied at the American Institute of Banking while working for the Bank of Italy.[7]

In June 1928, Hunter met Clara May "Claire" Jeffs, a young woman from Salt Lake City who had moved with her family to Los Angeles in 1926. They dated some over the next year, but not exclusively with each other at this point.[8] Besides working in banking, Hunter was still playing the saxophone for dances on a regular basis.[9] By the summer of 1929, Hunter and Jeffs were dating steady. However, Hunter was contemplating serving a mission so they held off on marriage.[10] The two eventually decided to get married instead, and they were married in the Salt Lake Temple on June 10, 1931.[11]

In November 1930, Hunter was involved in booking for the merger of the Bank of Italy with the Bank of America of California to form the Bank of America National Trust and Savings Association. Shortly after, Hunter took a position as a junior officer with the First Exchange Bank of Inglewood.[12] This bank was taken over by the state of California and placed in receivership in January 1932.[13]

For the next two years, Hunter filled several odd jobs, including working as a bridge painter and a laundry detergent peddler. In 1934, he managed to get a position as a title examiner with the Los Angeles County Flood Control District.

Hunter began to study at Southwestern Law School and after graduating he had a successful career as a lawyer. The Hunters' first son, William, died shortly after Hunter started law school, and his other two, Richard and John, were both born while he was in law school.[14]

Leadership in the LDS Church[edit]

Hunter ca. 1975

Prior to his call as an apostle, Hunter held several leadership positions in the LDS Church. He was the first president of the church's Pasadena California Stake, where he had also served as a bishop.

Hunter became a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles in 1961. He filled a vacancy in the Quorum created when apostle Henry D. Moyle was added to the First Presidency following the death of First Presidency member Stephen L Richards. As an apostle, Hunter led church negotiations to acquire land in Jerusalem to build the BYU Jerusalem Center, which he dedicated in 1989.

In 1970, when Joseph Fielding Smith became president of the church, Hunter succeeded Smith as Church Historian and Recorder. Hunter held this position until 1972, and was succeeded by Leonard J. Arrington.

In November 1985, when Ezra Taft Benson became President of the Church, Hunter was named Acting President of the Quorum of the Twelve; this was in recognition of the infirmity of Marion G. Romney, who had succeeded as President of the Twelve by seniority.[15] Hunter became President of the Quorum of the Twelve upon Romney's death in 1988.[15]

Hunter became President of the Church in June 1994 following the death of Ezra Taft Benson. Hunter retained Gordon B. Hinckley and Thomas S. Monson as counselors in the First Presidency. Some of Hunter's contributions as church president include the creation of the church's 2000th stake and the drafting of the "Proclamation on the Family", which was released the year after his death. As president of the church, Hunter encouraged and emphasized Christ-like living and temple attendance. He dedicated two temples, the Orlando Florida Temple and the Bountiful Utah Temple, shortly before his death.[16]

Leadership in other LDS Church-owned endeavors[edit]

Hunter served in several LDS Church assignments not directly related to ecclesiastical matters while a member of the Quorum of the Twelve. He was a member of the Board of Trustees of Brigham Young University and closely involved with the founding of the J. Reuben Clark Law School. He also was a member of the Board of Trustees of the New World Archaeology Foundation, chairman of the board of the Polynesian Cultural Center, and president of the Genealogical Society of Utah.

Personal life[edit]

After the death of Hunter's first wife in 1983, he married Inis Stanton in 1990 while president of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.

Both of Hunter's sons who lived to adulthood became lawyers.

Health problems and death[edit]

When Hunter was four years old, he was stricken with polio, which afflicted his back so that he was never able to bend forward and touch the ground again.

While President of the Quorum of the Twelve, Hunter developed major health problems that continued for the remainder of his life, including a heart attack, broken ribs from a fall at general conference, heart bypass surgery, bleeding ulcers, and kidney failure. Hunter was admitted to LDS Hospital on January 9, 1995, for exhaustion and was released on January 16. While hospitalized, it was discovered that Hunter was suffering from prostate cancer that had spread to the bones.

Hunter died at age 87 in his downtown Salt Lake City residence as a result of the cancer. With him at the time of his death were his wife, Inis; his nurse, who had been attending him; and his personal secretary, Lowell Hardy. Funeral services were held on March 8, 1995, at the Salt Lake Tabernacle, under the direction of Gordon B. Hinckley, Hunter's counselor in the First Preidency and the President of the Quorum of the Twelve. Hunter was buried in the Salt Lake City Cemetery. On October 14, 2007, at her home in Laguna Hills, California, Inis Hunter died of causes incident to age.

Attempted hostage incident[edit]

While preparing to speak at a CES fireside being held at Brigham Young University's Marriott Center on February 7, 1993, Hunter was confronted by Cody Judy, who rushed onto the rostrum and threatened Hunter and the audience of 15,000 to 17,000. Judy carried a briefcase that he claimed contained a bomb and held what appeared to be a detonator-like device. Judy demanded that Hunter read a three-page document that supposedly detailed God's plan for Judy to lead the church, which Hunter refused to do. The audience spontaneously sang "We Thank Thee, O God, for a Prophet", during which students from the audience, and then security personnel, overtook Judy.[17] After Judy was taken away, Hunter delivered his prepared remarks, a talk entitled "An Anchor to the Souls of Men."[18][19]

Works[edit]

  • Hunter, Howard W. (1997). Clyde J. Williams, ed. The Teachings of Howard W. Hunter, Fourteenth President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Bookcraft. 
  • —— (1994). That We Might Have Joy. Deseret Book Company. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Knowles. Hunter. p. 57
  2. ^ Knowles. Hunter. p. 38.
  3. ^ Knowles. Hunter. p. 41.
  4. ^ Knowles. Hunter. p. 41.
  5. ^ Knowles. Hunter. p. 61.
  6. ^ Knowles. Hunter. p. 64–65.
  7. ^ Knowles. Hunter. p. 66.
  8. ^ Knowles. Hunter. p. 72, 74–76.
  9. ^ Knowles. Hunter. p. 76.
  10. ^ Knowles. Hunter. pp. 77, 79.
  11. ^ Knowles. Hunter. p. 82.
  12. ^ Knowles. Hunter. p. 77.
  13. ^ Knowles. Hunter. p. 84.
  14. ^ "Howard W. Hunter: 14th President of the Church", lds.org.
  15. ^ a b "Elder Howard W. Hunter: Now President of the Quorum of the Twelve", Ensign, July 1988.
  16. ^ "Howard W. Hunter, Served 1994–1995", lds.org.
  17. ^ Callister, Laura Andersen; West, Brian (8 February 1993), "Suspect linked to guns left at square", Deseret News 
  18. ^ "California Man Threatens President Hunter, Fireside Audience With Fake Bomb" by Gail Sinnott and Carri P. Jenkins, BYU Magazine, February 1993, pages 15-16
  19. ^ Suspect in fireside bomb threat says he was fulfilling prophecies, by Laura Angdersen Callister, Deseret News staff writers, 9 February 1993

References[edit]

External links[edit]

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints titles
Preceded by
Ezra Taft Benson
President of the Church
June 5, 1994–Mar 3, 1995
Succeeded by
Gordon B. Hinckley
Preceded by
Marion G. Romney
President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
1988–1994
Preceded by
Hugh B. Brown
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
October 15, 1959–March 3, 1995